THE WEEK IN CHESS 120                   24/02/97        Mark Crowther

Tel or fax      01274 882143 [Bradford England]
Produced for Thoth Communications Corporation part
of Grandmaster Technologies Incorporated.

1)  Introduction
2)  Ubeda Tournament
3)  Dos Hermanas
4)  5th VISA Grand Prix Event
5)  London vs Beijing Chess Challenge
6)  8th Goodricke International Open Calcutta
7)  CERIANO LAGHETTO by Graziano Ottolini
8)  Second IM norm for Luke McShane in Cardiff
9)  First Saturday Tournament February
10) Crimean Open Championships by Gerald Schendel
11) Brazilian Championships playoff
12) Israel League 1997 rounds 3-4 by Ram Soffer
14) Theoretical Corner  By Marco R. Martini (ITA)


It Ubeda ESP 1997                        24
ch-BRA playoff Sao Paulo BRA 1997         1
Masters Cardiff WLS 1997                 10
ch-Crimea Simferopol UKR 1997             5
op Ceriano Laghetto ITA 1997             48
FS B event Feb Budapest HUN 1997         25
2nd Open Nova Gorica                    104

1)  Introduction

My thanks to Marco R. Martini, Ram Soffer, Alburt Silver,
Gerald Schendel, Laszlo Nagy, Graziano Ottolini, Dadi
Jonsson, Shaugan Feakes, Adam Raoof and Rod McShane.

The issue is a little later than normal as I'm in the glorious
surroundings of the University of British Colombia in Vancouver.
There has been plenty of international activity this week with
Joel Lautier in the starring role as he demolished the Ubeda
tournament in Spain. Luke McShane a thirteen year old from
England has gained his second IM norm in Cardiff and it looks
certain that he will gain the final norm he needs very soon.

Ignatious Leong's article on FIDE is the same one as last week
as I failed to notice that my mailer cut off the end of several
paragraphs of the article. Hopefully its complete this week.

Hope you enjoy this issue.


2)  Ubeda Tournament

Joel Lautier duely won the Ubeda Tournament in Spain to record his best
results since finishing first equal with Gary Kasparov in the 9th VSB
Tournament. The only undefeated player, he truly dominated this event
after having quite a rough set of results in the last year. His self
belief is one of his greatest assets. Here he only had a couple of
games where he was in any trouble at all and the 1.5 point margin of
victory was very much merited.

Round 8 (1997.02.17)

Lautier, Joel             -  Andersson, Ulf            1/2   29  B80  Sicilian
Beliavsky, Alexander G    -  Jussupow, Artur           0-1   39  E08  Nimzo indian
Bareev, Evgeny            -  Khalifman, Alexander      1/2   21  D17  Slav defence
Leko, Peter               -  Almasi, Zoltan            1/2   26  C45  Scottish
Timman, Jan H             -  Akopian, Vladimir         1/2   41  D46  Semi-Slav
Illescas Cordoba, Miguel  -  Korchnoi, Viktor          1/2   47  E16  Nimzo indian

Round 9 (1997.02.18)

Khalifman, Alexander      -  Leko, Peter               1-0   47  A57  Benko gambit
Almasi, Zoltan            -  Timman, Jan H             0-1   35  C18  French; Winawer
Andersson, Ulf            -  Beliavsky, Alexander G    1/2   41  E05  Nimzo indian
Jussupow, Artur           -  Illescas Cordoba, Miguel  1-0   42  D31  Queen's gambit
Korchnoi, Viktor          -  Bareev, Evgeny            1/2   34  D43  Semi-Slav
Akopian, Vladimir         -  Lautier, Joel             0-1   40  B96  Sicilian; Najdorf

Round 10 (1997.02.19)

Lautier, Joel             -  Almasi, Zoltan            1/2   29  E12  Nimzo indian
Beliavsky, Alexander G    -  Illescas Cordoba, Miguel  1-0   38  D15  Slav defence
Bareev, Evgeny            -  Jussupow, Artur           1-0   66  E68  Kings indian
Andersson, Ulf            -  Akopian, Vladimir         1/2   33  A26  English; 1.c4 e5
Leko, Peter               -  Korchnoi, Viktor          1/2   50  C82  Ruy Lopez
Timman, Jan H             -  Khalifman, Alexander      1/2   53  B66  Sicilian

Round 11 (1997.02.20)

Khalifman, Alexander      -  Lautier, Joel             1/2   20  D21  QGA;
Almasi, Zoltan            -  Andersson, Ulf            1-0   82  C11  French; Classical
Jussupow, Artur           -  Leko, Peter               1/2   41  D89  Gruenfeld indian
Korchnoi, Viktor          -  Timman, Jan H             1-0   36  E42  Nimzo indian
Akopian, Vladimir         -  Beliavsky, Alexander G    0-1   50  A07  Reti (1.Nf3)
Illescas Cordoba, Miguel  -  Bareev, Evgeny            1/2   42  D35  Queen's gambit

Ubeda ESP (ESP), II 1997                                    cat. XVI (2640)
					 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2
 1 Lautier, Joel             g FRA 2630  * 1 = = = = 1 1 1 = 1 =  8.0  2815
 2 Beliavsky, Alexander G    g SLO 2665  0 * = 1 = = 0 = = 1 1 1  6.5  2702
 3 Bareev, Evgeny            g RUS 2665  = = * = 0 = 1 = = = 1 =  6.0  2673
 4 Khalifman, Alexander      g RUS 2650  = 0 = * 1 = 0 = 1 = 1 =  6.0  2675
 5 Almasi, Zoltan            g HUN 2595  = = 1 0 * 1 1 = = 0 0 =  5.5  2644
 6 Andersson, Ulf            g SWE 2655  = = = = 0 * = = = = = 1  5.5  2638
 7 Jussupow, Artur           g GER 2665  0 1 0 1 0 = * = = = = 1  5.5  2637
 8 Korchnoi, Viktor          g SUI 2635  0 = = = = = = * = 1 = =  5.5  2640
 9 Leko, Peter               g HUN 2600  0 = = 0 = = = = * 1 = =  5.0  2607
10 Timman, Jan H             g NED 2630  = 0 = = 1 = = 0 0 * = =  4.5  2575
11 Akopian, Vladimir         g ARM 2655  0 0 0 0 1 = = = = = * 1  4.5  2573
12 Illescas Cordoba, Miguel  g ESP 2635  = 0 = = = 0 0 = = = 0 *  3.5  2507

3) Dos Hermanas

The next major event in the International Tournament Calendar is the
Dos Hermanas tournament which will be another Category 19 event. It
starts on March 31st 1997. It is being held slightly earlier in the year
than last year perhaps because of overcrowding of the calendar in June.

Viswanathan Anand (IND), Anatoly Karpov (RUS), Vladimir Kramnik (RUS),
Veselin Topalov (BUL), Miguel Illescas Cordoba (ESP), Boris Gelfand
(BLR), Vassily Ivanchuk (UKR), Alexei Shirov (ESP) Valery Salov (RUS)
and Judit Polgar (HUN) are projected to compete. If all turn up then
it will be five points stronger than the Linares tournament.

4)  5th VISA Grand Prix Event

After the Torshavn event in the Faroe Islands the final standings of the
5th VISA Grand Prix are now known.

Dadi Jonsson's Chess in Iceland page (
reported them. This is the end of the Grand Prix for this year (will be held
again next year) \and it produced the qualifiers for a final all play all event
which will be held in either Reykjavik or Oslo in the autumn of 1997.

Players in the final all play all and their Grand Prix points:

Place   Title   Player                  NAT     GP points
1.      GM      Curt Hansen             DEN     65.79
2.      GM      Johann Hjartarson       ISL     50.17
3.      GM      Hannes Stefansson       ISL     49.50
4.      IM      Tiger Hillarp- Persson  SWE     47.00
5.      GM      Margeir Petursson       ISL     42.50
6.      GM      Rune Djurhuus           NOR     39.72
7.      GM      Einar Gausel            NOR     35.46
8.      GM      Jonathan Tisdall        NOR     35.00
9.      GM      Throstur Thorhallsson   ISL     33.42
10.     GM      Ralf Akeson             SWE     30.93
11.     GM      Helgi Ass Gretarsson    ISL     25.00
12.     GM      Jonny Hector            SWE     24.63
13.             John Arni Nilssen       FAI

There will be one guest player in the event.

Just missing out but acting as reserves are:
	GM      Lars Schandorff                 DEN     20.89
	IM      Nicolaj Borge           DEN     17.00

5) London vs Beijing Chess Challenge

For the last few months a number of the best Chinese players have
been playing in Europe. Three of them will play a challenge match
against three British Grandmasters. The event starts on Tuesday 25th
Feb and will run until Sunday March 2nd. It will be a double round
Scheveningen event held at the London College of Traditional Acupuncture
and Oriental Medecine in Finchley. The event is sponsored by Dato Tan Chin
Nam and the Friends of British chess. Adam Raoof is the organiser.

London players: GMs Chris Ward, Niel McDonald and Keith Arkell.
Beijing: GMs Wang Zili, Ye Jiangchuan and Peng Xaomin.

6)  8th Goodricke International Open Calcutta

Vadim Zviaginsev a 20 year old rising star from Russia won the 8th Goodricke
International Open in Calcutta. The event ended on the 17th of February. He is
a pupil of Mark Dvoretsky and was a member of the Russian B team that took
bronze in 1994 in the Olympiad. He was undefeated. He took the title on
tie-break from Estonian Jaan Ehlvest and fellow Russian Alexander Nenashev.

Shankar Roy of India scored his second IM norm with a round to spare.


Vadim Zviaginsev (RUS)                          8.0
Jaan Ehlvest (EST)                              8.0
Alexander Nenashev (RUS)                        8.0
Pravin Thipsay (IND)                            7.5
etc 68 players.

7) CERIANO LAGHETTO by Graziano Ottolini

01-02 and 08-09 Feb 1997 saw a chess festival in Ceriano Laghetto, Milan.
This was another festival directed by Graziano Ottolini who had directed
a similar one in Robecchetto only a month before. There were 130 players
altogether. The main section was won by Daniel Contin above Albanian
Llambi Quendro.
The other sections were won by Claudio Olivieri (1700-1899) and Sergio
Revinelli (1500-1699) the beginners section ending in a large tie.

Ceriano Laghetto (ITA), II 1997
				   1   2   3   4   5   6
 1 Contin, Daniel     m ITA 2320  +15 +11 + 3 = 2 + 4 + 9     5.5  2511
 2 Quendro, L           ALB 2335  + 7 + 9 + 4 = 1 = 3 + 8     5.0  2507
 3 Castaldo, Folco      ITA ----  +12 + 8 - 1 + 5 = 2 = 6     4.0  2360
 4 Lovati,P                 ----  + 5 +16 - 2 + 8 - 1 = 7     3.5  2194
 5 Marinescu, Marian    ITA 2115  - 4 +15 + 9 - 3 = 7 +12     3.5  2433
 6 Berra,D                  ----  - 8 - 7 +14 +15 +13 = 3     3.5  1945
 7 Sgnaolin, Davide     ITA 2065  - 2 + 6 =12 =10 = 5 = 4     3.0  2088
 8 Everet, Alexandor    ITA 2135  + 6 - 3 +11 - 4 +10 - 2     3.0  2333
 9 Giretti, Kanev J     ITA 2165  +14 - 2 - 5 +13 +12 - 1     3.0  2037
10 Colombo, Alberto     ITA 2100  =16 -12 +13 = 7 - 8 +15     3.0  2003
11 Caloni, Ugo          ITA 2190  +13 - 1 - 8 -12 +16 +14     3.0
12 Barlocco, Carlo      ITA 2150  - 3 +10 = 7 +11 - 9 - 5     2.5  2127
13 Perissinotto,C           ----  -11 +14 -10 - 9 - 6 +16     2.0
14 Tomasini,G               ----  - 9 -13 - 6 +16 +15 -11     2.0  1996
15 Duarte, Riccardo     ITA 2010  - 1 - 5 +16 - 6 -14 -10     1.0
16 Pace,R                   ----  =10 - 4 -15 -14 -11 -13     0.5  1827

8) Second IM norm for Luke McShane in Cardiff

My thanks to Shaugan Feakes, Adam Raoof and Rod McShane. I give a small
Selection of games as the games have not been finally checked for accuracy
The rest should follow next week.

The Cardiff Masters was held between the 17th and 21st of
February 1997. There were three IM norms achieved in this,
The first IM tournament in Wales to be rated by the Welsh.

Three players got IM norms -  Cardiff University student James Cobb 6.5
(winning the 200 pounds first prize), Londoners Luke McShane (13 years
old) and Danny Gormally 6.0 (50 pounds each) - equalling the UK record for the
number of norms in a single event,
and coming a hairs breadth away from beating it.  Irish International
Colm Daly could so equally have achieved a norm too, but after being
beaten by James Cobb he had to settle for being the only player to
defeat Luke McShane.

The major story is the continued rise of 13 year old Luke McShane
Who scored 3 from 4 in the final rounds to achieve his second IM norm.
His results in the 4 Nations Chess League mean that it is highly possible
he will obtain his final norm in Rotherham on the weekend of the 22nd-23rd of March.

The tournament was only possible because of the financial assistance of
the Friends of Chess, the Welsh Chess Union and ChessEvents Ltd.  More
events are planned for Wales, and sponsorship for international events
is being actively sought.

The organiser Adam Raoof, FIDE International Organiser can be contacted at
0181 202 0982 or

Cardiff WLS (WLS), II 1997                           cat. IV (2333)
				     1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0
 1 Cobb, James             ENG 2320  * 0 = 1 = = 1 1 1 1  6.5  2500
 2 McShane, Luke J       f ENG 2400  1 * 1 0 = = = 1 = 1  6.0  2450
 3 Gormally, Daniel        ENG 2375  = 0 * = 1 = = 1 1 1  6.0  2453
 4 Daly, Colm              IRL 2310  0 1 = * 1 1 = 0 = =  5.0  2378
 5 Siebrecht, Sebastian  m GER 2380  = = 0 0 * 1 = 1 = 1  5.0  2370
 6 Williams, Simon       f ENG 2255  = = = 0 0 * 1 = 1 1  5.0  2384
 7 Mannion, Stephen R    m SCO 2380  0 = = = = 0 * 0 1 1  4.0  2284
 8 Tozer, Richard        m ENG 2380  0 0 0 1 0 = 1 * 0 0  2.5  2161
 9 Saunders, John C        WLS 2240  0 = 0 = = 0 0 1 * 0  2.5  2177
10 Ionescu, Cristian     f ROM 2290  0 0 0 = 0 0 0 1 1 *  2.5  2171

9)  First Saturday Tournament February

There was a six round robin event for young Hungarian players
alongside the main First Saturday events. The event was won
by Gergely Antal.

Budapest HUN (HUN), II 1997
				1  2  3  4  5  6
1 Antal, Gergely      HUN 2220 ** 0= =1 11 11 1+  8.0   2410
2 Kerek, Csaba        HUN 2200 1= ** =1 =1 10 +1  7.5   2363
3 Kiss, Gergely       HUN 2205 =0 =0 ** =1 1= 1+  6.0   2221
4 Szeberenyi, Adam    HUN 2225 00 =0 =0 ** 1= 1+  4.5   2075
5 Juhasz, Mihaly      HUN 2240 00 01 0= 0= ** 1+  4.0   2019
6 Csatari,M           HUN ---- 0- -0 0- 0- 0- **  0.0

I could not find Csatari in the rating list although he is supposed
to be rated 2125. He withdrew from the event at the halfway stage after
not scoring.

The next FIRST SATURDAY event begins in Budapest at 1st of March 1997.
The 13th Budapest Spring Festival runs from 13th - 21st of March with
150-200  participants, 9 rounds Swiss. See address below for entry

Information from the organiser Laszlo Nagy who can be contacted via
E-Mail   <100263.1700@CompuServe.COM>  www page

10) Crimean Open Championships by Gerald Schendel

Gerald Schendel reports on the Crimean Open Championships in
Simferopol. (18-26 January 1997)

He takes the information from the bulletin which originally
contained 50 games and was published by the
chess club "Dynamo" in Simferopol / Alexander Wassjakin.

Here are the results after 9 rounds:

01.     M.Pavlov        2305    Simferopol      6.5     35.0
02.     A.Kostjukov             Krivoj Rog      6.5     32.0    49.0
03.NM   D.Krilov        2225'   Lipetsk/RUS     6.5     32.0    48.0
04.     O.Tshaika       2345    Krivoj Rog      6.5     29.5
05.     W.Khomiakov     2360    Yevpatoria      6.0     36.5
06.     J.Baranov       2330    Kerch           6.0     31.5
07.     A.Abakarov              Kerch           6.0     28.0
08.     J.Sharapov      2320    Yevpatoria      5.5     28.0    46.5
09.     A.Shemiakin     2300    Kerch           5.5     28.0    45.5
10.     S.Shikhailo             Dshankoi        5.5     26.0
11.     L.Muhtarov      2230    Simferopol      5.5     23.0
12.     A.Savvopulo     2310    Simferopol      5.5     21.0
13.     D.Jeremeev      2310    Simferopol      5.0     31.5
14.FM   V.Semenov       2335    Simferopol      5.0     30.0
15.     A.Alexeev               Simferopol      5,0     26.0
16.     V.Basavliak             Sudak           5.0     21.5
... 36 players.

The site of the tournament was Simferopol.
This town is the administrative, industrial and
cultural centre of the Crimean peninsula. It is situated on the banks of the
river Salghir. 1784 is regarded as the year of its foundation, but the region
was populated long before (testified by the Chokurcha paleolithic site). In the
late 4th century BC, the legendary Scythians built their capital here - it
existed for almost six centuries. Later the Russians called this town Simferopol
- it's a Greek name.

11) Brazilian Championships playoff

The playoff for the Brazilian Championships started today for a $3000 purse
sponsored by Porto Seguro Insurance reports Alburt Silver.

The original championships ended in a three way tie and there will be a mini
match of two games between each of the players. Rafael Leitao (World under 18
champion), Geovani Vescovi and Darcy Lima (whose
Grandmaster title only awaits the next FIDE congress) are the players.

Time rate 40/2h plus 1h KO. There is one rest day, and the last game is to be
played on Sunday.

Geovani Vescovi - Darcy Lima (1) 24/02/97
1. c4 Nf6 2. Nf3 e6 3. d4 Bb4+ 4. Nd2 d5 5. a3 Be7 6. g3 0-0 7. Bg2 b6
8. 0-0 Bb7 9. Nxd5 exd5 10. b4 Nbd7 11. Bb2 c5 12.dxc5 bxc5 13. bxc5
Nxc5 14. Nd4 Qd7 15. Rb1 Ne4 16. N4b3 Rfd8 17. Nxc5 Bxc5 18. Nxe4 dxe4
19. Qb3 Bd5 20. Qc3 Bf8 21. Rfd1 Qe6 22. Qe3 a5 23. Rd2 Bc6 24. Rc1 Rxd2
25. Qxd2 a4  1:56 - 1:55

12) Israel League 1997 rounds 3-4 by Ram Soffer

Round 4 of the Israel National League was held on 20 and 22 February.
The leading team Rishon-Lezion suffered a shocking 5:1 defeat but retained
top position because their two closest rivals drew. Last year's runners-up
Herzliya lost again and are second from bottom.
Below I have the team results and the standings.
Detailed results and games will follow later.
Round 5 takes place on February 27  and  March 1.

Round 3 Results in detail

Gruenfeld,Yehuda - Psakhis,Lev 1/2
Tsesarsky,Ilya - Zilberman,Yaacov 1/2
Birnboim,Nathan - Zifroni,Dov 1-0
Alienkin,Alexander - Lev,Ronen 1-0
Gurevich,Grigory - Slutzky,Leonid 1-0

Greenfeld,Alon - Har Zvi,Ronen 1-0
Huzman,Alexander - Zoler,Dan 1-0
Mikhalevski,Victor - Bleiman,Yaacov +:-
Tseitlin,Mark - Zalkind,Karmi 1-0
Mikhalevski,Alexander - Kraidman,Yair 1/2

Finkel,Alexander - Yudasin,Leonid 0-1
Golod,Vitali - Smirin,Ilia 1/2
Vydeslaver,Alik - Goldin,Alexander 0-1
Tyomkin,Dimitri - Kogan,Artur 1/2
Mittelman,Gur - Nisman,Boris 1/2

Milov,Vadim - Sutovskij,Emil 1-0
Boim,Inon - Oratovsky,Michael 1-0
Gershon,Alik - Murrey,Jacob 1-0
Shachar,Ehud - Bruk,Pfer 1/2
Rabinovich,Alexander - Stisis,Yaacov 1-0

Gofshtein,Leonid - Maryasin,Boris 1-0
Manor,Ilan - Oslon,Alexander 1-0
Shvidler,Eliahu - Chuvnik,Mordechai 1/2
Krays,Alexander - Tsifanskaya,Ludmila 1-0
Avni,Amatzia - Lifshits,Felix 1/2

Alterman,Boris - Bykhovsky,Avigdor 1/2
Kosashvili,Yona-Uritzky,Maxim 1-0
Liss,Eran - Berkovich,Mark 1-0
Shmuter,Leonid - Grinshpun,Eduard 1/2
Kaspi,Alexander - Blodstein,Arkady 1-0

Round 4 Results

ASA Tel Aviv - Haifa 5.5:0.5
Afek - Rishon Lezion 5:1
Bikurei Haitim TA - Herzilya 4:2
Elitzur PT - Beer Sheva I 2.5:2.5
Kfar Sava - Jerusalem 4:2
Beer Sheva II - Ashdod 4.5:1.5

Standings after Round 4

1. Rishon-Lezion 15.5
2. Beer-Sheva I 15.0
3. Elitzur Petach-Tikva 14.5
4. Elitzur Jerusalem 13.5
5-6. Maccabi Afek 13.0
5-6. Kfar-Sava 13.0
7. Bikurei Haitim TA 12.5
8. Beer-Sheva II 10.0
9-10. ASA Technion Haifa 9.5
9-10. ASA Tel-Aviv 9.5
11. Herzliya 9.0
12. Ashdod 5.0

Part 2 of a 3-part series

Apologies for having to repeat this article but I failed to see last
week that my mailer had cut the ends off some of the lines from the article.

by Ignatius Leong (International Arbiter & Organiser) and Tang Kum-Foo
(International Arbiter)

[Email : Fax : (65) 2355303]

FIDE, spiraling towards insolvency and mired in self-seeking political
intrigues in the Campomanes-led years, has sunk to new depths of moral
bankruptcy under Kirsan Iljumzhinov (Russia) as demonstrated in the
goings-on leading to and in the Yerevan Congress. While many chose only
to see the President of the Kalmyk Republic as a fairytale prince
heaping largesse on an impoverished FIDE and were only too happy to
cling on to his gravy train, there were others who saw him as a present
day Emperor With No Clothes with his own agenda who likes nothing better
than to lord over the world organization like his own mediaeval serfdom.

Ignatius Leong (Singapore), who in Yerevan voted with his conscience and
feet - throwing away a well-paid job as FIDE's Administrative Manager -
breaks his post-Yerevan silence - self-imposed pending the long-overdue
settlement of his salary and financial claims on FIDE and the
circulation of the Yerevan Congress Minutes - to provide a unique
insight into the rot that has beset FIDE. As in Moscow 1994, when Leong
fought beside Bachar Kouatly (France) to oust Florencio Campomanes
(Philippines), and resisted Campomanes' buy-off offer of a SFr
4,000-a-month job; and Paris 1995, when in the spirit of compromise
following Campomanes' retirement, he, without consulting Kouatly,
re-assigned the proxy of Campomanes' homeland Philippines to the
ex-President to save his face and so enable him to have the grand total
of 17 proxies to disperse among his allies, Leong has always acted with
the larger interests of Chess at heart.

Tang Kum-Foo (Singapore), who went to Yerevan as Iljumzhinov's Press
Officer at the recommendation of Leong, had declared to Kouatly after
his second close-up view of Iljumzhinov (his separate sessions with
journalists and arbiters): "I cannot see a winning team that does not
have Iljumzhinov in it. He is like a prince, a movie star...reaching out
to the people." What the seasoned journalist did not voice then was his
disquiet with some aspects of the glitzy Iljumzhinov roadshow; there was
a certain hollowness, sameness, repetitiveness, inconcreteness about the
upbeat self-glorifying Iljumzhinov speeches. Tang knew better: When you
smell flowers, ask where the corpses are.

Before, throughout and after the Yerevan Congress, Leong confided in and
consulted Tang constantly over the Congress and the issues of world
chess. After many hours of discussions they decided to share their
thoughts and hopes with the chess fraternity everywhere. Gens Una Sumus.

July 1996 - Riding on the Kouatly Ticket

Things were looking good for Iljumzhinov: he thought he had done his
best to save the World Championship Match and had feted the Executive
Council in Elista. Then came the fly in the junket: news came that Jaime
Sunye Neto (Brazil) was ready to stand for President in Yerevan.

Unpracticed in the ways of democracy, Iljumzhinov took the news badly.
The day after the closing ceremony of the Match, he dropped the shocker
on the chess world: He shall not present his ticket for the FIDE
Election in Yerevan because he did not wish to participate in the
intrigue that had plagued FIDE in recent years. He confirmed this via
communique the following day, 15 July 1996.

Fearing that the Sunye ticket would win by default, World Champion
Anatoly Karpov (Russia) suggested to Kouatly that the latter form a
ticket and that if Iljumzhinov changed his mind, the Kouatly team would
rally support to have Iljumzhinov lead it. Karpov agreed to be on the
ticket on the understanding that he would withdraw in favor of Kouatly
if and when Iljumzhinov took Kouatly's place. As Kouatly and Karpov were
then leaving Elista, they requested Leong to present the plan to
Iljumzhinov. They also agreed to abort the plan if Iljumzhinov
disapproved of it.

The plan went down well with Iljumzhinov. After all, it was unthinkable
that the President of a republic should risk losing to a mere
grandmaster of chess. It was unthinkable that the President of a
republic should even be seen contesting against a mere grandmaster of
chess. Leave the front-end stuff to Kouatly and his team, the Prince
will take the limelight and fanfare later. Accordingly, Iljumzhinov gave
Leong permission to help create the Kouatly ticket.

Many federations, while disappointed with Iljumzhinov's non-candidacy,
were delighted when they read the campaign letter of Kouatly's ticket.

August 1996 - Ticket of 2 with Makropoulous

However, soon after his trip to Taiwan and the Philippines, Iljumzhinov
convened a special meeting in Moscow on 10 August to discuss his new
plan. Present were Campomanes, Kouatly, Andrei Makarov (Russia),
Georgios Makropoulous (Greece), Willy Iclicki (Belgium), Roman Toran
(Spain), Boris Kutin (Slovenia). Leong was there and so were Alexei
Orlov (Russia) and Casto Abundo (Philippines). Apparently, several
others, including Sunye, declined to be there.

The participants felt the need to have only one ticket at Yerevan. They
hoped Sunye and Kouatly would withdraw their tickets to enable
Iljumzhinov to present his ticket with Makropoulous as Deputy President
and for Iljumzhinov to nominate the other officers after his election.

Makarov came late. He said that Leong had insulted him and the Russian
Chess Federation and that he could kill him with one hand. He demanded
that Iljumzhinov dismiss Leong immediately and that Iljumzhinov must not
nominate Kouatly otherwise he would not continue the discussions or act
as the negotiator with Sunye. At this point, Kouatly left the meeting
room in protest that Makarov had, in a meeting, threatened to kill
somebody. The meeting was adjourned.

During lunch, in the presence of everybody (except Makarov), Iljumzhinov
asked Leong what he should do. Leong offered his resignation if that
would help Iljumzhinov and the negotiations. But Iljumzhinov said to
everybody's surprise that he would defend him, that he could not dismiss
somebody just because one person disliked another. Iljumzhinov had a
private talk with Makarov and the meeting resumed without the latter.

Towards the end of the meeting, Campomanes wanted Kouatly and Toran to
sign a document stating their withdrawal and to support Iljumzhinov's
ticket of two with Makropoulous. Kouatly and Toran refused, saying they
wanted to discuss with their team-mates first.

Kill the US Motion

From Lausanne on 14 August, Campomanes requested Iljumzhinov by fax to
sign a letter to reject the motion of the US Chess Federation to end the
term of Chairman in Yerevan. Such a letter would effectively kill the
motion and exclude it from the Yerevan agenda. For some strange reason,
Leong was then still in Moscow. When he showed Campomanes' letter to
Iljumzhinov, the President clapped his hands and said this was the best
ever proposal from the West. He added that, after Yerevan, there would
be no more Campomanes. In his two and a half months with Iljumzhinov,
Leong had never seen him so happy after reading a document. Leong
advised Iljumzhinov to obtain the full text of the US motion from the
FIDE office.

Several days passed with no news on the US motion from Lausanne. By now,
the motion had to be included on the agenda to reach member-federations
six weeks before the General Assembly. On 25 August, in Elista, Leong
finally received from Lausanne the copy of the fax of the US Chess

The US Chess Federation had prepared the fax on 28 June (Friday) and it
was stamped received by FIDE on 1 July (Monday). And so it took 6 weeks
for a motion of particularly great interest to the chess world to reach
the President!

Soon after Lausanne, Campomanes was in China. He tried to persuade Sun
Lianzhi (China) to sign the same document to withdraw from the Yerevan
election. Sun flatly refused. Campomanes left after only one day in

Aborted World Tour, Broken Promises, Lies and Unanswered Questions

No fewer than a dozen federations were keen to host the visits of
Iljumzhinov. Yet on the eve of his scheduled departure for Zambia, he
called off his world tour. He claimed that he needed to be in Yerevan
for final inspection of the Olympiad. He also said he had less than one
month to prepare the bank guarantees for the Annual World Championship
in 1996, the Karpov-Kasparov and Fischer-Karpov matches in 1997 and the
Elista Olympiad in 1998. He said that with the presentation of these
bank guarantees at the General Assembly in Yerevan, he was sure to win
the election. Leong felt terribly let down by Iljumzhinov.

Firstly, many federations had worked in cooperation with their
governments to receive Iljumzhinov in their countries. The late
cancellation caused great embarrassment to these federations and some
suffered severe financial distress. For example, the Zambian Government
felt deceived by the Zambian Chess Federation and withheld funds for the
Olympiad Team. Furthermore, the Zambian sports authorities sought
financial compensation from FIDE. David Hamoonga (Zambia), being on the
Kouatly ticket, was too embarrassed to travel alone to Yerevan. He
managed to persuade his women players to borrow money for their air
tickets. In Yerevan, Kouatly and Hamoonga tried many many times to seek
financial assistance from Iljumzhinov but were always stonewalled.
Whatever magically followed later that led to a smiling Hamoonga
applauding and supporting Iljumzhinov in the Congress is anybody's

In several addresses, Iljumzhinov said that he had visited 42 countries
and that he paid his own expenses. Leong knew that at least two
federations paid the bills for his entourage.

Before the world tour episode, Iljumzhinov had also canceled other trips
at the last moment, for example, his trips to Jordan and India. In
March, after the Doha Presidential Board Meeting, he missed his flight
to Nigeria to attend the closing ceremony of the Zonal Championship. To
make things worse, a senior minister had cut short his trip in South
America in order to coordinate Iljumzhinov's meeting with the Nigerian
Head of State. While in Doha, Leong had assured Emmanuel Omuku (Nigeria)
that Iljumzhinov would go to Lagos.

Secondly, the much-touted bank guarantees seemed like mere phantoms.
Nothing more was heard or seen of them. However, acting on instructions,
Leong drafted a US$3million agreement between FIDE and the Organizing
Committee of the Elista Olympiad. This agreement was to be used to
secure a bank guarantee a part of which was to offset the prize fund of
the concluded World Championship Match. But in Yerevan, delegates were
told that Karpov had still not been fully paid. So what is one to make
of all this?

Iljumzhinov Gifts

While in Moscow, Iljumzhinov decided to prepare gifts for all delegates,
players, arbiters and journalists. Kouatly recommended the watches he
had prepared during his 1994 campaign. Leong initially declined to
undertake the purchase because of both the time constraint and the
difficulty of remitting payment in time.

On 21 August, Orlov confirmed the order and Leong was to personally
deliver the goods from Singapore to Yerevan via Moscow. Despite the time
constraint, the manufacturer accepted the order but required the normal
30% deposit before production. Leong was caught in zugwang. Being a
Singaporean, he knew that the manufacturer would not proceed with the
production without first receiving the deposit. If the deposit was
remitted late, the order would not be processed in time for collection
by 10 September and ultimately he would have to take the blame.

Since he took office in January 1996, Leong had not received his salary
despite numerous promises by Iljumzhinov and Orlov that they would remit
the money. Between March and May, he waited in vain for his salary.
During this period in Singapore, he worked on the administrative
preparations for the Karpov-Kamsky Match and chalked up a sizable debt
to his federation for telephone expenses. He told Kouatly and Morten
Sand (Norway) that he would not be in Elista unless he was paid. Kouatly
advanced him about half the amount from his own pocket. Leong was
finally paid in July. Only then could he settle all his bills for his
telephones, home installment, credit cards etc ...

So Leong was understandably anxious about the timely remittance of the
deposit and the payment for the watches. When he sought assistance from
his federation to help out with the deposit, the president of the
Singapore Chess Federation, knowing his earlier predicament with his
salary, gave a flat no. The president just could not trust Iljumzhinov
for US$10,000. Leong had no choice but to remit all he had from Elista
on 22 August. Tang forked out the balance and made the deposit. Leong
flew home on 4 September and it was only on 9 September that the entire
payment for the watches was credited in one lump sum to his bank
account. Leong managed to withdraw cash only the following day, just in
time to collect the watches. On 11 September, he lugged 7 heavy luggages
containing the watches and at the airport, he had barely sufficient to
pay the excess baggage; reduced to US$5,000 after much negotiation.

At Moscow airport, Orlov, who had promised VIP reception there in order
to avoid problems, did not show up. When contacted, he took four hours
to arrive and after much hassle, he paid about US$1,000 on customs. Were
these the few thousand dollars Leong supposedly gained in business
profits, as mentioned by Iclicki in his report?

In Yerevan, Leong was shocked to see the number of gifts Iljumzhinov had
prepared. He felt sorry for the people of Kalmykia. After the World
Championship Match, and all foreigners had left Elista, he had learned
that the local people had not received their salaries for some months
because the money was required for the organization of the Match. Leong
felt sickened by the recollection of how the Executive Council feasted.
He also recalled that most people who worked in the Match were not paid.

A cargo plane was chartered from Moscow to Yerevan and it was on this
that Leong had traveled to Yerevan. It stopped in Elista for customs
clearance. Because of bad weather, the plane went first to Volgograd and
then to Elista. This was why, after his resignation, Leong was worried
because he had no ticket out of Yerevan. Incidentally, has anyone
figured out why the cargo plane had to clear customs in Elista and not
Moscow given the high political profile of Iljumzhinov?

To distribute the gifts, Iljumzhinov had wanted to organize a big
cocktail reception to hand out the goodies but Leong suggested private
meetings so that everybody could bring home fond memories of their
meetings with the FIDE President. Iljumzhinov liked this idea very much;
he smiled a lot, shook everybody's hand, signed autographs and posed for
photographs. He had at first wanted to stay in Yerevan throughout the
Olympiad but changed his mind and wanted to be done with all the teams
within four days.

Iljumzhinov thought that this process was a big success. Leong
personally felt that Iljumzhinov should be commended. At some point, he
almost lost his voice. Tang felt that Iljumzhinov had scored a huge
public relations victory. He was not so sure about the man behind the

September 1996 - Alliance with Sunye

Now that he had met all the teams and delegates, Iljumzhinov started to
play the Sunye card. Leong thought it was Sunye who self-destruct. The
Sunye ticket was formed out of the Utrecht Meeting which felt that
Iljumzhinov should be displaced. Yet, Sunye courted an alliance. They
spent about two hours at their first private session. Makropoulous knew
this and started to panic.

Iljumzhinov asked Leong's opinion. Leong felt that the ground in Yerevan
was sweet for Iljumzhinov and there was no need for him to ally with any
particular person; be it Campomanes, Makropoulous, Sunye or Kouatly.
Leong told him that he could win by himself if he went for individual
elections. The fact that Sunye came to him with a compromise meant that
the Sunye ticket was weak. Sunye had practically no support from Asia.
Having lost Omuku, Sunye had little support left in Africa. Also, with
Makarov as an uncertainty, Sunye was dead.

Soon after the declaration of the Iljumzhinov-Sunye alliance at the
Central Committee, Campomanes and Makropoulous changed color.
Makropoulous warmed up towards Kouatly. Campomanes was all but
ingratiating to Kouatly; for him the Central Committee meetings had
ended on a particularly somber note, with the end of his Chairmanship
and investigations into ex-gratia payments in the air. But the
Iljumzhinov-Sunye alliance was short-lived; at the General Assembly,
Iljumzhinov asked for a ticket of two with Makropoulous.

To Leong, all these maneuverings and horse-trading was old hat. It was
Moscow and Paris all over again, with the notable exception that Kouatly
was conducting a much quieter campaign. So was all the time-wasting,
feet-dragging, soporific speechifying, calculated to wear down
unsuspecting delegates until...

Until someone proposed in one quick moment that Campomanes be elevated
(how else can one describe it?) - to Honorary President with Voting
Powers and this was passed in a nanosecond without an objection, a
whimper - much less debate. What had become of all that sound and fury
in the Central Committee, the US Motion to end the Chairmanship, the
investigations into ex-gratia payments? No-one seemed more surprised
than Campomanes himself when he stood up to thank the Board Member who
had made that stupendously historic proposal.

Leong was dumbfounded. Things have come full circle. It is the era of
Campomanes the master puppeteer again. A President Regent no less in
this incarnation. How low can FIDE go? But he kept his peace. He was
after all still FIDE's Administrative Manager. Like a good civil
servant, he kept to himself his misgivings, his pain.

October 1996 - A Free Man

Leong submitted his letter of resignation with immediate effect on 30
September, during the General Assembly. He had prepared the letter
during lunch in consultation with Tang. It was undated because Leong was
hesitant. It meant a huge sacrifice after all. Just before resumption,
he handed the letter to Iljumzhinov.

He voted for individual elections as he felt the ticket format was
excessively divisive and had caused intrigue within FIDE. This motion
defeated, he voted for the ticket of eight, in the spirit of Paris 1995
and the Executive Council in Elista in June 1996. With this also
defeated, he voted against the motion to first elect the President and
allow him to select his own ticket because nobody should be given a
blank cheque.

Iljumzhinov became angry with Leong and in a private meeting during the
coffee break ordered him out of the Congress and took away the Singapore
vote and his three proxies - Mongolia, Pakistan and Seychelles.
Iljumzhinov stabbed Leong repeatedly in the chest with his finger. He
raged over the way Leong had voted. "The Mongolians are my brothers. How
can you use their vote against me?" (Leong also had the proxy of
Mongolia in 1994/5 and that of Pakistan in 1994.) The action of the FIDE
President in banishing a delegate from the Congress and disenfranchising
him of his rightful vote and proxies simply because he did not like the
way the delegate had voted is undemocratic, illegal and immoral. But
what could Leong do? Orlov was right: Iljumzhinov is President of a
Republic - who is Leong?

When the General Assembly resumed to elect the Presidential Ticket of 5,
Kouatly learnt from an enraged Sun that something had happened to Leong.
Sun, who had heard of Leong's plight from Tang, wanted Kouatly to bring
this to the assembly's attention. Kouatly, shocked at the tactics used
against Leong, was especially concerned because of his deep camaraderie
with Leong. He demanded an explanation from Iljumzhinov amidst a general
wash of emotion from the assembly. Kouatly burned cold with righteous
anger. But to Kouatly's credit, his statements were balanced, forthright
and controlled. Phil Haley (Canada) demanded an investigation into the
affairs. Several delegates rose to the President's defense. Makarov made
his infamous "Only prostitutes work at night" speech. His back against
the wall, the embattled Iljumzhinov stuttered and threw a tantrum: If
after everything he has done for FIDE he is not wanted, then somebody
else can be FIDE President. Then came the masterstroke:
"Me! ! ! eting adjourned till 9am tomorrow."

>From his vantage point in the assembly, Tang saw the hand of Campomanes
instigating this last little move. There's time now, for those who "work
in the night" - to borrow Makarov's phrase - to work on the delegates

In the night, Iljumzhinov's aides summoned Leong to his room. Initially,
he was afraid to go because Iljumzhinov had angrily told him earlier
that day that he did not want to see his face anymore anywhere. The
aides urged Leong to go with them and assured him that everything was
alright. During their two-hour private discussion, Iljumzhinov said
Kouatly had shouted at him and accused him of threatening to kill Leong.
Leong did not quite believe that Kouatly would say something like this
without first checking with him. Later, Herman Hamers (Netherlands),
Steven Doyle (United States) and Tang confirmed that Kouatly did not
accuse Iljumzhinov of threatening to kill him.

Leong told Iljumzhinov that he disliked the intrigue he was spinning. -
first with Kouatly, then with Campomanes-Makropoulous, Sunye and again
with Campomanes-Makropoulous. Iljumzhinov said he negotiated with Sunye
in order to destabilize the Sunye ticket. He claimed that his plan
worked because the Sunye ticket became complacent and did not work as

Leong reminded him that since August, he had never advised Iljumzhinov
to align himself with the Kouatly ticket. Leong said he had told
Iljumzhinov that he should go alone and for individual elections. This
would avoid politicizing and further intrigue. Iljumzhinov was angry and

Leong voiced his dislike for the ways Campomanes and Makropoulous had
campaigned for Iljumzhinov. An example was Omuku. He felt that there was
no need for Omuku to attack Sunye. Leong also told him that because of
Iljumzhinov changing his alliances, he was giving wrong updates to his
friends and delegates. Iljumzhinov said that ONCE HE HAD SET HIS MIND ON
answer was that because of their differences of opinion, they could not
work with each other. However, realizing that he would not be able to
leave the room peacefully, he decided to pacify Iljumzhinov by agreeing
to withdraw his resignation and to attend the General Assembly again.

At the General Assembly, Egon Ditt (Germany) demanded that the Leong
affair be addressed. Leong was asked to make a statement. He said that
although Iljumzhinov had persuaded him to continue his work but as his
life had been threatened in Moscow in August and with this new
situation, he did not see how he could continue again. Hamers completed
by reading the full text of his statement.

Curiously and significantly, considering the surge of emotion before the
meeting was adjourned the previous day, not one delegate asked Leong to
explain what happened in Moscow in August. No-one seemed particularly
perturbed by what had happened to him the day before. Truly, those who
"work in the night" had worked overtime! During coffee break, a
journalist asked Leong why the delegates were that way. Leong replied
that either all the delegates were sleeping or they just could not be
bothered. This is how apathetic some FIDE delegates have become.

The Best Men for FIDE?

While Sunye scratched around to pick together a ticket against
Iljumzhinov's, Leong's proxies were reinstated. Then he heard that Sunye
did not want to include Kouatly and therefore Sand did not want in
either. Poor Sunye, what had happened to his team-mates? The Utrecht
resolution which appeared so strong and dynamic was destroyed. All those
who initially cried wolf over Iljumzhinov had abandoned their cause. Did
Einar Einarsson (Iceland) and Ditt leave Sunye and if so, why? If Sunye
was prepared to compromise with Iljumzhinov at one stage, why was he not
prepared to work with Kouatly?

The eventual Sunye ticket obtained 47 votes out of 133. Not a bad
result. Nonetheless, many of the Sunye votes were probably
anti-Iljumzhinov rather than pro-Sunye votes. Leong voted for Sunye on
this basis.

Immediately after the elections, Iljumzhinov appointed four Vice
Presidents - was this not against the resolution to have a ticket of
only five? Among those who accepted appointments as Vice Presidents were
Pedro Barrera (El Salvador) from the Kouatly ticket and Makarov and
Doyle from the original Sunye ticket and who were strongly against
Iljumzhinov in Utrecht. Doyle remains an enigma: only he can rationalize
why he is so comfortable sleeping with the enemy.

In any case, it does not matter who are on the Presidential Board for as
long as Campomanes is still alive in FIDE, we shall continue to see
intrigue in FIDE. Needless to say, Makropoulous is alive as long as
Campomanes is alive.

As for Iljumzhinov, his victory may well turn out to be pyrrhic. Having
spent an estimated US$500,000 on gifts etc to secure his position, he
gained only 64.66% of the vote - a paltry percentage compared with the
more than 90% he gained in Paris without spending a dollar. And with
Campomanes as Honorary President with Voting Powers, how easy will be
the head that wears the nominal crown? And with the Campomanes factor so
big, how long will the Iljumzhinov gravy train continue to run? When
will Iljumzhinov show to all the chess world his true colors, as alluded
to by Sand in his immortal declaration to the General Assembly :
"Iljumzhinov is not the Mother Theresa of chess!"? In short, when will
the Iljumzhinov bubble burst?

Beyond Yerevan

Money politics buoyed the meaner spirits of many at Yerevan and blinded
them to the reality of a bloated, inefficient, extravagant, top-heavy
FIDE badly in need of overhaul. FIDE may well be the proverbial problem
that the solution is looking for.

Every crisis throws up its own heroes; extraordinary men and women with
courage and vision who look beyond self-interest for the good of the
larger cause. Thinking, feeling, caring far-sighted segments of The
Chess World must look beyond the ashes of Yerevan. To the phoenix of
hope, restoration, renewal, reconstruction.

So watch this space!

Gens Una Sumus.


Ignatius Leong, Singapore
Handphone : (65) 96337946 Fax : (65) 2355303

14) Theoretical Corner  By Marco R. Martini (ITA)

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