THE WEEK IN CHESS 109 09/12/96 Mark Crowther --------------------------------------------------------------------- -------------------------------------------------- E-Mail email@example.com www http://www.tcc.net/gmtchess.html Tel or fax 01274 882143 [Bradford England] Produced for Thoth Communications Corporation part of Grandmaster Technologies Incorporated. --------------------------------------------------- 1) Introduction 2) International Tournament in Las Palmas 3) Beliavsky wins the Stocar Bank 96 Tournament in Cacak 4) First Saturday Tournament December 5) Brazilian Chess Championships 1996 6) Dutch Chess Championship Semi-finals Enschede 1996 7) Tomas Jimenez Memorial from Cuba. 8) Kettler Cup 9) Sonnevanck Tournament, Wijk aan Zee. 10) Arbiter of the European Club Cup gives his account of Israeli withdrawal 11) Report of the 20th Kilkenny Congress by John Hurley. 12) Exhibition Chess from the World Champions 13) French Team Championships 14) 7th Nato Championships November 1996 15) Interview with the FIDE President 16) Magazine Review. Chess Mail 17) Forthcoming Events. 8th International Open Chess Tournament “ANO LIOSIA '97" SITE of II MESTRE-JOVEM of LOURES: http://www.ip.pt/~ip001018 1997 American Chess Tour by Eric Schiller Chess In Edinburgh by Adam Raouf Introducing the "CIRCULO DE AJEDRECISTAS POSTALES ARGENTINOS - C.A.P.A." GM EMAIL Tournament 'PELIKAN MEMORIAL': 90 JUBILEE JIRI PELIKAN'S BIRTHDAY 18) HIGHLIGHTS OF THE 1996 FIDE CONGRESS BY Phil Haley 19) The Czech System - 1.e4 d6 2.d4 Nf6 3.Nc3 c6!? - Part VIII Games Section FS IM Dec, Budapest HUN 1996 3 ch-BRA, Americana 1996 48 Kettler Cup, Ceska Trebova CZE 1996 12 Sonnevanck, Wijk aan Zee NED 1996 45 Simul, Jerusalem ISR 1996 2 Montreal CAN 1964 1 blitz, chess.net 1996 3 Extra Games Section It, Ciego de Avila CUB 1996 91 op, Kilkenny IRL 1996 74 French Teams French Teams, FRA 1996 543 Dutch Championships Semi-Finals NED-ch 1996 135 1) Introduction My thanks to Laszlo Nagy, Carlos H Taboada, Christophe Bouton, Gerald Schendel, Ian Rogers, Bas van den Berg, John Hurley, Sinisa Joksic, Eric Schiller, Adam Raouf, Marco Martini, Anjo Anjewierden, Sylvain Landry, Mark Pinkhour, Phil Haley, Egon Madsen, Bretislav Modr, Werner Stubenvoll, 2) International Tournament in Las Palmas Monday December 9th is the start date of the strongest international tournament this year. There is an official www site (http://www.net64.es/supertorneo/granca/default.htm) coverage will also be available on my pages which I will start seriously tomorrow. The organising committee headed by José Miguel Fraguela Gil has achieved a great field. This is a Christmas treat which could only be improved by being twice as long. This is the kind of event I could live with being held every year a much better test than a knockout event such as that proposed by FIDE. Days play. Play will take place on December 9,10,11,12,15,16,17,19,20 and 21. The players will play each other twice. There is a long break between the 12th and 15th in order to allow Karpov to travel to Disneyland to play his part on those events. The events taking place in this largely junior event will be available at the URL: http://rapidchess.disney.com The two K's It is the first time that Gary Kasparov and Anatoly Karpov have played together since the Linares tournament held in February/March 1994. On that occasion Karpov won by a sensational 2.5 points from Kasparov and Shirov. Shortly after the event finished Karpov turned down an invitation to the VSB tournament which Kasparov was playing in (some say he withdrew from the event) and left this, his greatest tournament triumph, as the last event where they both participated. Since 1994 Karpov has taken part in a protracted FIDE cycle which ended when he retained the FIDE World Championship against Gata Kamsky, Kasparov retained his PCA World Championship crown against Viswanathan Anand and both organisations now have no fixed plans to organise a traditional World Championship cycle. There has been a draft agreement between Karpov and Kasparov to play a World Title match in 1997 to "unify" the titles. There have been as yet no finalised agreement or sponsor for this final showdown (they have previously played matches for the World Title in 1984-5, 1985, 1986, 1987 and 1990) but a convincing showing from both players by coming first and second in this event would surely generate a large sponsorship deal. The stakes are high. Every player has a chance. However the other players in the event will have other ideas. Anand, Ivanchuk, Kramnik and Topalov all have World Title aspirations of their own and the current state of chaos means that they will want to demonstrate their credentials in this most high profile of events. Kasparov and Karpov have shown their ability to win on command and time after time have pulled out the stops when required. Both have shown signs in recent times that their level motivation is not what it was, it could not be otherwise after so long at the top, however I'm sure they will be desperate to win this event. They should be at their best, its up to their challengers to beat them even at their best. Veselin Topalov is probably the man most likely. He has had just one tournament failure this year and his phenomenal concentration and preparation meant that for much of 1996 he was the best player in the World. He showed signs of fatigue at the Olympiad in Yerevan where he scored poorly and will have to show that his complete rest since then has been utilised in improving his game. Vladimir Kramnik had such a good year that he caught up Gary Kasparov to be joint World number one on the rating list. His form has been very patchy since then, he seems to take a single defeat very badly and that tends to affect his subsequent play in the tournament. He had a dreadful Olympiad where he drew every single game, in many cases against players he should beat. He is Kasparov's prediction as the man most likely to succeed him as World Champion. If he starts well here he could run away with the tournament. Viswanathan Anand was Kasparov's challenger last year and his classically smooth style is, at its best, capable of beating anyone. His preparation and play against Kasparov created a good impression but he had a disaster during a short patch during the Kasparov match and lost the match. Questions over his nerve in tight situations have been raised but he I don't believe he is that nervous a player. Vassily Ivanchuk is a player with a temperament problem. If he catches fire he can win an event as he pleases. He has the style of a great World Champion but in his case his nerves can almost destroy his ability to play. Some events, especially those where he is the best player, see him draw many games quite briefly and just win one or two games when his opponents don't survive the opening. He will be a very dangerous player if on form here. What of Kasparov and Karpov? Gary Kasparov has had a reasonable year, he is still World number one on the ELO list and his last event, the Olympiad, saw him score the second best percentage score on board one. This is the kind of event that brings out the best in Kasparov. He will have prepared very seriously for it. He is favourite to win the event but only just. Anatoly Karpov is now 45 and he still plays a great deal. He cannot summon the fire for every tournament appearance but he has rested before this event. His last two tournaments saw him only score 50% in Tilburg but win the Cap d'Age Rapidplay afterwards. He has a limited opening repertoire which he knows well. It was given a test by Kamsky earlier this year and he will surely have been preparing very hard to make sure that it isn't breached in Las Palmas. His endgame technique (this is also the case for Kasparov) will test the younger players. One can never rule this man out. So everyone has a chance of first place. A serious case can be made for every player (which hardly ever happens). When similar events were organised in the 1970's the only prediction that could be made safely would be that there would be a lot of short draws. There should be a lot of draws here, simply because if both players play well the game should end in a draw, but the cut throat nature of top chess suggests that almost all games will be hard fought. Only Karpov and Ivanchuk have the reputation as players who regularly have "days off" with short draws. I do expect a reasonably cautious start as anyone established as being out of form at the start of an event will be in for a hard time. The event sees six of the top seven players in the World. Only Gata Kamsky is missing. In an intermediate (and incomplete) calculation of the FIDE rating list up to November (the official one is used from Jan 1st) the players in Las Palmas will take the top six. July 1996 Rating list. 1. Kasparov, Gary.................. g RUS 2785 18 2. Karpov, Anatoly................. g RUS 2775 12 3. Kramnik, Vladimir............... g RUS 2765 22 4. Topalov, Veselin................ g BUL 2750 40 5. Kamsky, Gata.................... g USA 2745 20 [Missing] 6. Anand, Viswanathan.............. g IND 2735 31 7. Ivanchuk, Vassily............... g UKR 2730 22 3) Beliavsky wins the Stocar Bank 96 Tournament in Cacak Sinisa Joksic sends me news of the "Stocar Bank 96" in Cacak. Vladimir Sakotic was the arbiter of the event. He was responsible for some events in which GM norms were obtained and later rescinded and which are currently under investigation by FIDE. Julian Hodgson had a very poor result after losing his first four rounds. His result was damaged because his travel arrangements were disrupted. He was turned back at Heathrow Airport as he didn’t have a valid Visa to visit Yugoslavia (according to Malcolm Pein in the Telegraph) and only arrived in Belgrade on the day of the first round. He then had to travel 160km to the site of the event. Only his first round game against Tiviakov was postponed however. Results of the 9th and last round Hodgson - Ivan Marinkovic 1/2 Tiviakov - Damljanovic 1/2 Leko - Dragan Paunovic 1/2 Almasi - Kiril Georgiev 1/2 Beliavski - Strikovic 1:0 Final Standings Beliavsky, Alexander G.......... g SLO 2620 6.5 Leko, Peter..................... g HUN 2630 6.0 Almasi, Zoltan.................. g HUN 2655 6.0 Strikovic, Aleksa............... m YUG 2550 4.5 Tiviakov, Sergei................ g RUS 2615 4.5 Georgiev, Kiril................. g BUL 2620 4.5 Marinkovic, Ivan................ m YUG 2505 4.5 Damljanovic, Branko............. g YUG 2470 4.0 Hodgson, Julian M............... g ENG 2550 3.0 Paunovic, Dragan................ m YUG 2495 1.5 4) First Saturday Tournament December Laszlo Nagy (100263.1700@CompuServe.COM) sends new of the start of the Category 3 IM First Saturday Tournament which runs from 7th-17th of December. IM-norm 8 points The event has its own web-site: http://ourworld.compuserve.com/homepages/chess_first_saturday_hu/ Round 1 (1996.12.07) Horvath, Adam - Rodriguez Lopez, Rafael 1-0 Fancsy, Imre - Francsics, Endre 1-0 28 E69 Kings indian Jamrich, Gyorgy - Kuklin, Alexander 0-1 26 B26 Sicilian; Closed Sziebert, Adam - Vukovic, Ivo 1/2 Edelman, Daniel - Peredy, Ferenc 1/2 Novgorodskij, Vladimir - Czebe, Attila 1/2 61 B33 Sicilian; Sveshnikov Round 2 (1996.12.08) Czebe, Attila - Vukovic, Ivo 1-0 Kuklin, Alexander - Sziebert, Adam 1/2 Peredy, Ferenc - Fancsy, Imre 1/2 Rodriguez Lopez, Rafael - Edelman, Daniel 1-0 Novgorodskij, Vladimir - Horvath, Adam 0-1 Francsics, Endre - Jamrich, Gyorgy 0-1 Budapest HUN (HUN), XII 1996. cat. III (2316) -------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1 Horvath, Adam HUN 2250 * . . . . . 1 . . 1 . . 2.0 2 Czebe, Attila m HUN 2345 . * . . . . . . . = 1 . 1.5 2530 3 Fancsy, Imre m HUN 2325 . . * . . = . . . . . 1 1.5 2455 4 Kuklin, Alexander f HUN 2270 . . . * 1 . . = . . . . 1.5 2490 5 Jamrich, Gyorgy HUN 2295 . . . 0 * . . . . . . 1 1.0 2245 6 Peredy, Ferenc HUN 2305 . . = . . * . . = . . . 1.0 2362 7 Rodriguez Lopez, Rafael f ESP 2410 0 . . . . . * . 1 . . . 1.0 2325 8 Sziebert, Adam f HUN 2300 . . . = . . . * . . = . 1.0 2290 9 Edelman, Daniel m USA 2400 . . . . . = 0 . * . . . 0.5 2164 10 Novgorodskij, Vladimir RUS 2365 0 = . . . . . . . * . . 0.5 2104 11 Vukovic, Ivo f CRO 2310 . 0 . . . . . = . . * . 0.5 2129 12 Francsics, Endre HUN 2220 . . 0 . 0 . . . . . . * 0.0 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- Three lightly annotated games from the first round by the organiser Laszlo Nagy. Jamrich,G (2295) - Kuklin,A (2270) [B26] Budapest HUN (01), 1996 1.e4 c5 2.Nc3 Nc6 3.g3 g6 4.Bg2 Bg7 5.d3 d6 6.Be3 e5 7.Qd2 Nge7 8.Bh6 0-0 9.h4 f6 10.0- 0-0 Be6 11.Bh3 Bf7 12.Bxg7 Kxg7 13.f4 d5 14.exd5 Nxd5 15.Ne4 Ndb4 16.a3 Nxc2!? Sacrificing a knight in order to open up the King. 17.Qxc2 Nd4 18.Qc3 b5 19.Nxc5 Qd5 20.Rh2 a5 21.Bg2 Qa2 22.Bxa8 Rc8 Now black tries to sacrifice a rook, but it can't be taken. 23.Rc2 Rxc5 24.fxe5 Rxc3 25.exf6+ Kxf6 26.Rxc3 Qa1+ White resigned, he loses at least a Rook 0-1 Fancsy,I (2325) - Francsics,E (2220) [E69] Budapest HUN (01), 1996 1.Nf3 d6 2.d4 Nd7 3.c4 e5 4.Nc3 g6 5.e4 Bg7 6.g3 Ngf6 7.Bg2 0-0 8.0-0 c6 9.h3 a6 10.Qc2 b5 11.c5 dxc5 12.dxe5 Ne8 13.Bg5 Qb6 14.Be7 +- 14...Nxe5 15.Nxe5 Bxe5 16.f4 Bd4+ 17.Kh2 Ng7 18.Bxf8 Kxf8 19.Rad1 a5 20.Ne2 a4 21.Qd2 Ba6 22.Nxd4 Rd8 23.f5 cxd4 24.Qh6 Kg8 25.f6 Ne8 26.e5 Qc5 27.e6 Qh5 28.e7!! No mercy... 1-0 Novgorodskij,V (2365) - Czebe,A (2345) [B33] Budapest HUN (01), 1996 1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 e6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nc3 Nc6 6.Ndb5 d6 7.Bf4 e5 8.Bg5 a6 9.Na3 b5 10.Nd5 Be7 11.Bxf6 Bxf6 12.c3 0-0 13.Nc2 Bg5 14.a4 bxa4 15.Rxa4 a5 16.Bc4 Rb8 17.b3 Kh8 18.0-0 g6 19.Qd3 f5 20.Rd1 Bh6 21.f3 fxe4 22.Qxe4 Bf5 23.Qe2 Qd7 24.Nce3 e4 25.f4 Be6 26.Rf1 Bg7 27.Kh1 Qb7 28.Qc2 Rbe8 29.Raa1 Qa7! IM Czebe, Attila 30.b4 Bxd5 31.Nxd5 e3 32.Bb5 Qb7 33.Qa4 Nd8!? 34.Bxe8 Qxd5 35.Bb5 Bxc3 36.bxa5 Ne6 37.Rad1 Nd4 38.Bc4 Qc5 39.Qa2 d5! 40.Bd3 Qxa5 41.Ra1 Qxa2 42.Rxa2 Re8 43.Be2 Bd2 44.Bd3 Bc3 45.Be2 Nxe2 46.Rxe2 d4 47.Rd1 Kg7 48.g3 Kf6 49.Kg2 Ke6 50.Kf3 Kd5 51.Ra2 Re7 52.Ke2 Ke4 53.Ra8 Bd2 54.Rd8 Bc3 55.h3 Ra7 56.Re8+ Kf5 57.Kf3 Ra2 58.g4+ Kf6 59.Rb1 Rf2+ 60.Kg3 Bb2 61.Re4 ½-½ 5) Brazilian Chess Championships 1996 The Brazilian Championships are being held in Americana not in Sao Paulo as I thought last week. After eight of twelve rounds the event is being led by Giovanni Vescovi. It is being covered on the internet at: http://www.dglnet.com.br/fpx Americana BRA (BRA), XI-XII 1996. cat. VI (2376) ----------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1 Vescovi, Giovanni m BRA 2490 * . = 1 = = = . 1 . 1 1 6.0 2543 2 Lima, Darcy m BRA 2430 . * = = = = . = 1 1 1 . 5.5 2503 3 Leitao, Rafael m BRA 2475 = = * . = = . 1 1 = = . 5.0 2470 4 Disconzi da Silva, Rodrigo f BRA 2345 0 = . * = . = 1 = 1 . 1 5.0 2475 5 Van Riemsdijk, Herman C m BRA 2425 = = = = * = = . . = . 1 4.5 2430 6 Souza, Ivan BRA 2285 = = = . = * . 0 = = . 1 4.0 2391 7 Toth, Christian Endre m BRA 2380 = . . = = . * = 0 = = 1 4.0 2367 8 De Toledo, James Mann m BRA 2400 . = 0 0 . 1 = * . = = = 3.5 2328 9 Caldeira, Adriano BRA 2220 0 0 0 = . = 1 . * . = 1 3.5 2342 10 Matsuura, Everaldo m BRA 2385 . 0 = 0 = = = = . * = . 3.0 2301 11 Loureiro, Luiz BRA 2365 0 0 = . . . = = = = * = 3.0 2299 12 Gomes, Luiz A BRA 2310 0 . . 0 0 0 0 = 0 . = * 1.0 2041 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------- 6) Dutch Chess Championship Semi-finals Enschede 1996 Anjo Anjewierden sent the games from the Dutch Championships semi-finals held in Enschede. The event was covered on the internet at http://www1.tip.nl/users/t799997/halvefin.htm and I took some of the news from there. The event saw 30 Dutch players try to qualify for the Dutch closed Championships of 1997. There were some players missing, those who chose instead to play in the Sonnevanck event in Wijk aan Zee. There were two very young participants: thirteen year old Moosa Azadmanesh and fifteen year old Nico Vink. Another, slightly older junior player caused the surprise of the first round when he downed IM Kick Langeweg. He probably missed a win by playing 19. Rb4 he could instead have played 19. Ba5+ Kc8 20. Rc7+ Kb8 21. Rxe7 and White would have been piece up. IM Liafbern Riemersma started with 4/4, last year he had 5/5 got a cold and failed to qualify, his round 4 game was a quick win in 23. Karel van der Weide was the only player to seriously threaten him in the event. The ended with a Rook and Bishop vs Rook ending. The players actually defended very well but the Thompson database of all positions in this simplified ending shows that both players blundered on move 74. 74. Rf8 (Rd7, Rd5, Rd4, Rd3, Ke1 draw) 74... Ke4 (Rd2 wins) There were two qualification places and the first was earned by runaway leader Riemersma after round 8. The prizes were 1st f 1500,- 2nd f 750,- 3rd f 500,- 4th f 400,- 5th f 300, 6th f 250,- The final standings were as follows.Karel Van der Weide and Manuel Bosboom shared second place. Its not clear whether there will be a playoff or whether Karel qualified on tie- break. Enschede NED (NED), XI-XII 1996. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1 Riemersma, Liafbern m NED 2435 +20 +24 +17 + 4 = 5 + 3 = 2 + 6 +11 8.0 2636 2 Van der Weide, Karel f NED 2365 +29 +21 =15 = 3 = 6 +10 = 1 + 5 = 7 6.5 2483 3 Bosboom, Manuel m NED 2410 =23 +27 +12 = 2 +17 - 1 + 4 =14 + 6 6.5 2505 4 Van der Poel, Henk f NED 2320 +13 + 6 +10 - 1 - 8 + 9 - 3 =12 +14 5.5 2409 5 Sziva, Erika wm NED 2250 =11 +28 + 7 +15 = 1 - 6 +17 - 2 = 8 5.5 2431 6 De Boer, Sybolt NED 2240 +30 - 4 +18 + 9 = 2 + 5 + 7 - 1 - 3 5.5 2376 7 Hendriks, Willy NED 2430 -24 +30 - 5 +13 +15 + 8 - 6 +10 = 2 5.5 2371 8 Langeweg, Kick m NED 2375 -14 +26 =24 +11 + 4 - 7 =12 = 9 = 5 5.0 2378 9 Van Haastert, Edwin NED 2300 =21 =19 +13 - 6 +22 - 4 +23 = 8 =12 5.0 2353 10 Bosch, Jeroen m NED 2425 =27 +23 - 4 +14 +12 - 2 =20 - 7 +22 5.0 2333 11 Kroeze, Frank M f NED 2390 = 5 =22 =16 - 8 =26 +28 +15 +17 - 1 5.0 2368 12 Van der Werf, Mark m NED 2400 =22 +29 - 3 +19 -10 +24 = 8 = 4 = 9 5.0 2353 13 Hoogendoorn, Joost NED 2345 - 4 +20 - 9 - 7 +27 +25 =16 =19 +21 5.0 2254 14 De Heer, Machiel NED ---- + 8 -15 =19 -10 +28 =16 +21 = 3 - 4 4.5 2343 15 Knoppert, Erik G J f NED 2415 +18 +14 = 2 - 5 - 7 =23 -11 =25 +24 4.5 2249 16 Strating, Sybolt f NED 2325 +26 -17 =11 =24 =23 =14 =13 =20 =18 4.5 2211 17 Ernst, Sipke NED 2215 +25 +16 - 1 +22 - 3 +21 - 5 -11 =20 4.5 2273 18 Theulings, Paul-Peter NED 2155 -15 +25 - 6 +26 -21 =22 =24 +23 =16 4.5 2175 19 Roobol, M NED 2365 =28 = 9 =14 -12 =24 -20 +29 =13 +25 4.5 2274 20 Vink,N ---- - 1 -13 -25 +30 +29 +19 =10 =16 =17 4.5 2315 21 Van Wissen, Michiel E NED 2160 = 9 - 2 =23 +25 +18 -17 -14 +26 -13 4.0 2154 22 Vogel, Jaap f NED 2295 =12 =11 +28 -17 - 9 =18 =26 +27 -10 4.0 2258 23 Van Schaardenburg, Mark NED 2295 = 3 -10 =21 +29 =16 =15 - 9 -18 +30 4.0 2198 24 Perez Garcia, Hebert NED 2210 + 7 - 1 = 8 =16 =19 -12 =18 =30 -15 3.5 2275 25 Van Dongen,H ---- -17 -18 +20 -21 +30 -13 =27 =15 -19 3.0 1960 26 Azadmanesh, Moosa NED ---- -16 - 8 +27 -18 =11 +29 =22 -21 -28 3.0 2132 27 Etmans, Maarten D f NED 2230 =10 - 3 -26 -28 -13 +30 =25 -22 +29 3.0 2117 28 Bark, Eric NED 2295 =19 - 5 -22 +27 -14 -11 -30 -29 +26 2.5 2077 29 Ellenbroek, Ton NED 2095 - 2 -12 +30 -23 -20 -26 -19 +28 -27 2.0 2052 30 Dommisse, Cees NED ---- - 6 - 7 -29 -20 -25 -27 +28 =24 -23 1.5 2026 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 7) Tomas Jimenez Memorial from Cuba. Carlos H. Taboada reports from Cuba. The Tomas Jimenez Memorial took place in Ciego de Avila, Cuba. There were two sections, the Premier Group and the Master (Maestros) group. The event was jointly organised by the Cuban Chess Federation and the Sports Municipal Management of Ciego de Avila. Ciego de Avila is an eastern province of Cuba, 600 km from Havana City. Tomas Jimenez Rodriguez was a prominent player who promoted chess in the region, the event took place between Nov. 1st and Nov. 18th. Ciego de Avila Premier Group (CUB), XI 1996. ------------------------------------------------------------------- 12345678901234 ------------------------------------------------------------------- 1 Borges Mateos, Juan m CUB 2530 *=0===111=1111 9.5 2506 2 Pecorelli Garcia, Humberto m CUB 2450 =*====1=1=1=11 9.0 2480 3 Ramon, Vivian wm CUB 2260 1=*010=1==1==1 8.0 2428 * 4 Gomez, Adalberto f CUB 2300 ==1*0==1=10=11 8.0 2424 5 Rivera, Alberto m CUB 2445 ==01*=001=1111 8.0 2412 6 Moreno, Alejandro f CUB 2385 ==1==*1001===1 7.5 2389 7 Lopez, Carlos Manuel f CUB 2400 00==10*11=1==1 7.5 2388 8 Minero, Sergio f ESA 2405 0=00110*0=1111 7.0 2359 9 Rios, Alejandro COL 2335 00==0101*1=101 6.5 2336 10 Rodriguez, Pedro f CUB 2400 ===0=0==0*0=11 5.5 2272 11 Salem, Ihab PLE 2155 00010=00=1*=11 5.5 2293 12 Ribeiro, Fernando f POR 2285 0===0==00==*=1 5.0 2244 13 Guedes, Armando CUB 2365 00=00==0100=*1 4.0 2169 14 Borine,Pavel RUS ---- 0000000000000* 0.0 ------------------------------------------------------------------- * Make the GMW second norm MAESTROS GROUP Final Standings Pos Nombre elo tit 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 Tot S.B. -------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1 Gonzalez Yuri...... CUB * = = 1 1 1 1 = 1 1 = 0 1 1 10.0 61.50 2 De la Paz Frank....2370 fm CUB = * = 0 = 1 = 1 1 = 1 1 1 1 9.5 53.75 3 Castellanos Carlos.2210 CUB = = * = = 0 1 1 1 1 = = = 1 8.5 50.25 4 Padron Joel........ CUB 0 1 = * = = 0 = 1 = 1 1 1 1 8.5 47.75 5 Fernandez Ciro.....2280 im CUB 0 = = = * = = 1 1 0 = = 1 1 7.5 42.50 6 Frometa Zirka......2175 im CUB 0 0 1 = = * = 0 1 1 = 1 = 1 7.5 41.25 7 Cabrera Alexis.....2310 fm CUB 0 = 0 1 = = * 1 0 0 1 = 1 1 7.0 39.50 8 Veloz Arturo....... CUB = 0 0 = 0 1 0 * 0 = 1 1 1 1 6.5 34.00 9 Foyo Rogelio.......2305 fm CUB 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 * = 1 = 1 1 6.0 28.50 10 Subit Jose.........2290 fm CUB 0 = 0 = 1 0 1 = = * 0 = 0 1 5.5 32.50 11 Arguelles Hector...2300 CUB = 0 = 0 = = 0 0 0 1 * = 1 1 5.5 29.00 12 Bueno Lazaro.......2255 im CUB 1 0 = 0 = 0 = 0 = = = * 0 = 4.5 30.25 13 Napoles Asdrubal... CUB 0 0 = 0 0 = 0 0 0 1 0 1 * 1 4.0 18.50 14 Arroyo Jessica...... CRC 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 = 0 * 0.5 2.25 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- 8) Kettler Cup Bretislav Modr of Magazin SACHinfo reports on this 25 minute per game double round robin tournament in Ceska Trebova, Czecheslovakia. Ceska Trebova (CZE), XI 1996. cat. XIII (2568) ----------------------------------------------------- 1 2 3 4 ----------------------------------------------------- 1 Hracek, Zbynek g CZE 2625 ** 1= == == 3.5 2605 2 Smejkal, Jan g CZE 2500 0= ** 1= 1= 3.5 2647 3 Kavalek, Lubomir g USA 2535 == 0= ** =1 3.0 2578 4 Ftacnik, Lubomir g SVK 2610 == 0= =0 ** 2.0 2428 ----------------------------------------------------- 9) Sonnevanck Tournament, Wijk aan Zee. Stefan Loeffler and Emmanuel Bricard shared first place with 6/9 in the Sonnevanck Tournament in Wijk aan Zee. The event is sponsored by a pub called the Sonnevanck and is organised by Jeroen Van den Berg. The event proved to be something of a disaster for Ian Rogers who started with 1/4 including a winning game against Stefan Loeffler which he ruined in severe time trouble. He scored 4.5/5 to recover somewhat although Harmen Jonkman agreed a draw when a piece up but in severe time-trouble (in fact the game might have finished as a draw anyhow with the wrong rooks pawn being on the board). Wijk aan Zee (NED), XI-XII 1996. cat. VI (2388) ------------------------------------------------------------------ 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------ 1 Loeffler, Stefan m GER 2410 * 0 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 0 6.0 2510 2 Bricard, Emmanuel m FRA 2475 1 * = = 0 = = 1 1 1 6.0 2502 3 Rogers, Ian g AUS 2575 0 = * 1 = 1 1 0 = 1 5.5 2446 4 Armas, Iulius m FRA 2390 0 = 0 * 0 1 = 1 1 1 5.0 2430 5 Claesen, Pieter f BEL 2410 0 1 = 1 * 0 = = = = 4.5 2385 6 Delemarre, Jop f NED 2360 0 = 0 0 1 * 1 1 = = 4.5 2390 7 Willemze, Jeroen NED 2160 1 = 0 = = 0 * = = = 4.0 2369 8 Reinderman, Dimitri m NED 2500 0 0 1 0 = 0 = * 1 1 4.0 2332 9 Jonkman, Harmen f NED 2325 0 0 = 0 = = = 0 * 1 3.0 2269 10 Janssen, Ruud NED 2270 1 0 0 0 = = = 0 0 * 2.5 2234 ------------------------------------------------------------------ 10) Arbiter of the European Club Cup gives his account of Israeli withdrawal Arbiter Werner Stubenvoll has sent a letter to FIDE President giving his account of the problems which surrounded the Israeli team Elitzur Petach Tikva at the European Club Cup in Hungary. (See TWIC 108 for the Israeli letter to the FIDE President for their side of the dispute.) Linz, December 4th, 1996 Mr. Kirsan N. ILJUMZHINOV President of FIDE c/o FIDE Secretariat, Lausanne RE: 12th European Club Cup 1996 Dear Mr. President, This is my statement concerning the problems that arose through the team of Elitzur Petach Tikva in the European Club Cup 1996. I got the entry of Elitzur Petach Tikva in April 1996. In this fax they asked me to take care of their religious problems. As I knew from the previous European Club Cups they did not want to keep score on Sabbath. This problem was solved by the FIDE Rules Committee 1994 in Moscow. I made the proposal to deduct 10 minutes from a player's allotted time if he is unable to keep score on physical or religious reasons and the Rules Committee accepted my proposal. This is the only point where FIDE allows an exception for religious reasons. In June 1996 the team leader of Elitzur Petach Tikva requested to be put in a preliminary group that has not to play on Saturday. I answered, that there was no organizer willing to play the matches during the week and not on Saturday. I asked the team leadership to take their final decision to participate in the European Club Cup 1996 under this condition or to withdraw before the start of the rounds. In a second fax to Mr. Josef Lapid, chairman of the Israelian club, of July 18th I pointed out that there was no general solution for the religious problems of Elitzur Petach Tikva, but that I would try to find special agreements with organizers and opponents concerned. In this fax I also drew their attention to the playing schedule of Budapest. The tournament was to be played from Thursday to Sunday and the starting time was scheduled 2.00 p.m. During the preliminary round of Kranevo, Bulgaria, the opponent of Elitzur Petach Tikva - O.A.A. Iraklio from Greece - after a long and tough discussion agreed to play on Friday morning. After being qualified for the final the captain of Elitzur Petach Tikva, Mr. Jacob Schteinbaum, requested to have the same exceptions for the final tournament. First time in my fax of October 28th and last time in a phone call of November 18th I pointed out, that I could not force any team to play their matches in the morning instead of in the afternoon. I could only promise to help finding an agreement acceptable for all teams concerned. During two meetings of the team captains in Budapest the teams of Russia and Croatia strictly refused to play at 10.00 a.m. instead of 2.00 p.m. After the drawing of lots for the second round the Israelian team had to play against „Tattrangaz-Itil" from Kazan, Russia. As Kazan was not ready to play in the morning, in a last attempt the case was discussed with Prof. Jungwirth, Continental President of Europe, who had arrived in Budapest in the meantime. He stressed that there was no means of compelling a team not to respect the time schedule of the tournament and that only an agreement with opponents and organizers could allow an exception. Kazan was informed that Elitzur Petach Tikva suggested playing with shortened time control. After consultation of his team Mr. Mukhamedzianov, captain of Kazan, answered that his players rejected the proposal and wanted to play serious chess. Therefore I had to decide that all the teams had to start at 2.00 p.m. as scheduled. Elitzur Petach Tikva did not appear and lost the match 0 : 6. In the third round Elitzur Petach Tikva was drawn against Dresdner Sportclub. The German team agreed to start at 5.00 p.m. instead of 2.00 p.m. Dresden waited one hour but the Israelian team did not show up without any excuse. That was felt as unsportsmenlike towards the team ready to comply with the opponent's wishes. Summing up I want to declare that chess is a sport with strict regulations based on the principle of equality for all competitions. Each tournament has its rhythm. There is a time for play, there is a time for rest - equal for all participants and organizers who have also to take into account spectators. Exceptions are only thinkable if all partners freely agree. This agreement could not be reached in Budapest, the exception could not be made because it would have created a privilege. Privileges are impossible in sport. Any other interpretation of my decision is wrong. With kind regards WERNER STUBENVOLL Tournament Director of the European Club Cup 1996 11) Report of the 20th Kilkenny Congress by John Hurley. With the enthusiasm of local organizers - Jack Lowry, Maurice Buckley et al , the backing of local businesses and, this year, generous support from software company Iona Technologies, the annual Kilkenny Congress has become the premier weekender on the Irish chess calendar. Now established as a Leigh Grand Prix event, this year's 20th annual tournament attracted seven grandmasters, six from England including Michael Adams and John Nunn. In former years, local players have trumped the grandmaster entry and taken the prize money. With the superGM additions, this was unlikely to be repeated and it was little surprise to see GM Adams confirming his seeding and his reputation for weekend attrition by winning outright on 5.5/6 (draw against Nunn, victories over GMs Watson, Baburin and King). Young Luke McShane also impressed finishing joint fourth on his second trip to Kilkenny while, of the Irish contingent, Mark Heidenfeld fared best on 4/6 while both Mel O'Cinneide (draw with Ward) and Colm Daly (draws with King and Baburin) secured results against the GMs. RESULTS: Iona Technologies International Masters, Kilkenny Nov. 29th - Dec. lst 1996 lst GM M.Adams 5.5/6 2nd GM C.Ward, GM J.Nunn 4.5/6 4th M.Heidenfeld, L.McShane, GM W.Watson 4 30 competed (200 in all sections) By John Hurley Sunday Tribune chess correspondent. 12) Exhibition Chess from the World Champions Not a bad little part from the games section. A game from Fischer’s simultaneous tours in the early 60’s (from Sylvain Landry), a couple of games from Kasparov’s recent simultaneous in Israel (from Mark Pinkhour) including Kasparov’s loss to Natan Sharansky the ex-Soviet dissident and an Israeli Minister and 3/4 of the games Karpov played on chess.net last weekend. The missing game is his second game against Stefansson which he won but which isn’t available to me. The timerate was 5 minutes for the whole game with 3 seconds per move added. 13) French Team Championships Christophe Bouton sends almost all the games from the French Team Championships which finished in April. 287 were typed by him the rest by the French Federation. Clichy, a town in the suburbs of Paris (2 km) won this year's title on tie break from Cannes. 14) 7th Nato Championships November 1996 Egon Madsen sends the results from the 7th NATO CC. This official Championships took place in Viborg, Denmark 18-22 Nov 1996. Final result: 1. NED 18 points. 2. BEL 18 3. GB 16,5 4. FRA 16 5. DEN 15 6. USA 14 The two strong NATO nations Germany and Norway could not participate this year. 15) Interview with the FIDE President There is an extract of an interview with the FIDE President at http://www.russia.net/ria/dr/dw04126.htm 16) Magazine Review Chess Mail My knowledge of correspondence chess could be written on back of the postage stamp which sends the moves. Tim Harding has launched a magazine called Chess Mail which covers all aspects of correspondence chess including Internet E-Mail chess and Fax chess. It certainly is a different World from over-the-board chess with its own theory, style and lore. The discovery of the internet has given correspondence chess a new lease of life and has brought together its greatest enthusiasts. Chess Mail may very well bring about a resurgence of interest. Issue 1 has just appeared and it has plenty for those interested in chess in general not just correspondence chess. Ulf Andersson is playing his first correspondence championships and is in the process of demolishing the event. He only has a couple of games to go and it looks as if it will be impossible to catch him. He beat World number 1 Gert Jan Timmerman with black in a superb game and completely demolished Ivar Barn with a violent attack in 22 moves. An interview with him makes it clear that he is taking the challenge very seriously and that he is in serious danger of playing again! (It was more or less supposed to be a one off at the start) With its coverage of the basics such as Getting started with E-Mail chess and How to become a CC-GM the first years issues should be good value for those who would like to know more and who might like to pick up some of the important opening theory that doesn’t make the mainstream chess press. There is discussion of CC and computers and a good results service. At 29 pounds for 11 issues it represents a must for CC players and very good value for anyone else. Further information is available on Tim’s www site: http://users.homenet.ie/~tharding/chessmail 17) Forthcoming Events. 8th International Open Chess Tournament “ANO LIOSIA '97" 11-19 January 1997, Ano Liosia, Athens Ano Liosia is located about 12 km to the north of Omonia Square, Athens, Greece. SCHEDULE : 1-2 rounds 11- 12 January 1997 at 16:00 hrs 3-7 rounds 13- 17 January 1997 at 17:00 hrs 8 round 18 January 1997 at 16.00 hrs 9 (last0 round 19 January 1997 at 14.00 hrs Closing ceremony / awards Sunday 19 January 1997, at 20:30 hrs . RULES OF PLAY : 9 round Swiss, 2 hrs/40 moves + 1 hour for the rest of the game for each player. PLAYING HALL : Municipality Ano Liosia (Athen's suburb), "Melina Merkouri" demonstration hall. PRIZES : 1st 1450 $ , 2nd 1240 $ , 3rd 1035 $, 4th 825 $, 5th 620$, 6th 415$, 7th 330$, 8th 290$, 9th 245$, 10th 205$, 11th 185$, 12th 165$, 13th 145$, 14th 125$, 15th 105$, 16th : 85$ SPECIAL PRIZES : First woman : 370$, Second woman 185$, First Junior 370$, Second Junior 185$, First girl 205$, Second girl 105$, First U-16 boy 165$, First U-16 girl 145$ In case of tie, prizes will be divided equally. If a player qualifies for more than one prizes he/she has the right to choose one of them. Entry fee : 40 $. It ;is free for rated more than 2200 ELO players. For invited GMs - IMs free board and lodging are provided. The organizers provide for all participants free transport by buses, from Omonia square to the playing hall and back for each round. During the games refreshments and coffees are free for all players. FURTHER INFORMATION, ENTRIES FROM : Kofidis Andreas +30/1/9329117 Katsanou Elli +30/1/2483029 09.30 -13.00 hrs Bakosi Haroula +30/1/2480400 (int: 147) 09.30 -13.00 hrs FAX +30/1/2471989 SITE of II MESTRE-JOVEM of LOURES: http://www.ip.pt/~ip001018 This tournaments are organised in Loures after ten years of plan of development (PDX) in Loures municipality (near Lisbon with 400.000 habitants). Every year, since 1986, 3000 children have chess lessons in schools. About 2000 play schools tournaments (40 a year with large finals). Every year, about 400 become members of the 15 chess clubs (in 1986 there was none! Now two are in 1st national division and one in second national division of honour) of the municipality of Loures and most of then have chess trainers now (17 chess trainers in 1996). After some years of evolution of this academy of trainers (the academy began in 1993 with masters that were not from Loures, of course). Now the situation is different and 85% of this trainers have 20 to 24 years old because they are the best of the youth that learned chess in the first year s of PDX (1986). Some of them are trying to get international masters norms in this first international tournaments in Loures. That’s why this tournaments are called MESTRE-JOVEM (young master) Wednesday 11 December begin the 2nd Loures international of category 2 with some differences with 1st international. This time, there are two under 18 (Paulo Dias and Josi Andrade) between the six young Loures player (others are Carlos P. Santos, Alexandre Quadrio, Artur Gaspar and Paulo Pinho). Again, main atraction is GM Kevin Spraggett who is living in Portugal (he is married with the Portuguese Aida Ferreira) since 1987. This time the tournament is on my new chess page and will have (as the first one) some commented games and daily information. In 1997 (October and December), Loures is going to have 2 or 3 more tournaments, probably with better category. Lums Santos (IM) (and GM of ICCF) 1997 American Chess Tour by Eric Schiller The 1997 American Chess Tour provides a unique series of four high-quality events with up to 40 FIDE rated games in span of just 6 weeks. Visit New York, Las Vegas, Hawaii and San Francisco and play for prizes and norms. 4/2-6 New York Open. Back in Manhattan. GM, IM norms. $140,000 total prize. Room rates from $85 for 2 persons. http://w-w-w.com/nyopen 4/11-13 National Open. Las Vegas. http://www.64.com/natlopen/ 4/15-24 4th Hawaii International. Waikliki. GM, IM Norms. One game per day at 5:00 PM. Room rates from $50 for 2 persons.FIDE rating required. Free training for juiniors. http://www.chessworks.com/hawaii97.htm 4/28-5/12 San Francisco Internationals. Round-robin events with IM norms. Open only to participants in Hawaii International. Email firstname.lastname@example.org for further information. Chess In Edinburgh by Adam Raouf The 14-19th of December sees the 1st Caledonian Masters at the Edinburgh Capital Moat House. The event includes the Arkell-Rowson £5000 challenge. Introducing the "CIRCULO DE AJEDRECISTAS POSTALES ARGENTINOS - C.A.P.A." Casilla de Correo 51 Suc.49 (1449) Buenos Aires -ARGENTINA Fax: 54 1 331 3600 Email: email@example.com Argentina has a very vast and renowned chess background, both in OTB play as well as in correspondence chess. Over the board, great names like Najdorf, Panno, Eliskases, and a new generation of good players like Campora, Zarnicki, Ricardi and Spangenberg (just to mention a few) have ably represented our country in individual and team events. Correspondence chess in not an exception. Argentina has had (and still has!) outstanding chess players in this modality: Secchi Vigneau, Cuadrado, Morgado, Pereyra Puebla and Buj have all played one or more World Championship Finals, and in team events Argentina has always fought hard in the Olympiads in which it has taken part. Argentina is the only country in the World with two official Chess Federations (i.e., both are accepted by ICCF): LADAC (founded in 1945) and CAPA (founded in 1988). Until 1988, our country had never organised International Tournaments granting GM and IM Titles. Our players were eager to demonstrate their capacity, and the solution was really simple: we had to organise tournaments for them. Thus, CAPA, since 1992, has organised 5 GM Tournaments granting GM and IM Titles (Bartis-mem "A", Lewkowitz-mem "A" & "B", Marcussi-mem, EMAIL Pelikan Memorial), 5 IM Tournaments granting only IM Titles (Bartis- mem "B", Lewkowitz-mem "C", Martinez Acosta-mem "A" & "B", EMAIL Pelikan Memorial "B"), one team tournament granting IM titles (the AFROATIN Cup, organised together with the Algerian Federation), the match Russia vs. Rest of the World, in which 40 strong players compete in 20 boards (organised together with the Russian Federation), and the Individual AFROATIN (again together with Algeria), to begin in February 1997. CAPA requested to the ICCF Congress in Bad Neuenahr approval to organise the two first ICCF EMAIL events, in memorial Jiri Pelikan. GM EMAIL Tournament 'PELIKAN MEMORIAL': 90 JUBILEE JIRI PELIKAN'S BIRTHDAY International FIDE Master Jiri Pelikan was born in Castolovice, a suburb of Prague, on april 23rd, 1906, and died in Chacabuco, Argentina, in June 1984. He played a lot of international tournaments, including the Olympiads of Warsaw 1935, Stockholm 1937 and Buenos Aires 1939, representing Bohemia and Moravia. In Warsaw he got an excellent score in the reserve board:+7 =7 -1 (70%); in Buenos Aires too, where he played in board 3, scoring +8 =5 -2 (70%). He was in Buenos Aires playing the Olympiad in 1939, like many other chess masters, when the 2nd World War started. He could not go back to Prague, and decided to stay in Argentina. Some chess players from Chacabuco, a village of Buenos Aires Province (300 km from Buenos Aires Capital), offered him a house, and a job as chess teacher, and so he lived there for many years. He played many Argentine tournaments and championships, including some Finals. He lived during some years in Quilmes, Buenos Aires province. Around 1950, he played correspondence chess, winning the I Argentine Correspondence Chess Championship, and participating in the I ICCF Olympiad. His best results before the war were: 8th (out of 18) in Podebrady 1936, 6th (out of 14) in Novi Sad 1936. In Argentina he played several Mar del Plata International Tournaments: 1942 (6th out of 18), 1943 (6th out of 14), 1944 (7th out of 16), 1945 (10th out of 16), 1956 (9th out of 17), 1961 (10th out of 16) and 1966 (9th out of 16). Pelikan got his FIDE IM title in 1965. He was a 'real' bohemian, friend of the long nights analysing chess, extremely modest and kind. GM Ludek Pachman once tried to convince Pelikan to go back to Prague, at that time in the communist sphere. Pelikan did not accept; he did not like the eastern way of life. His name has been mentioned many times in the opening books. Especially, he investigated the Dutch and Sicilian Defences. The most popular is the so called 'Sicilian Lasker-Pelikan', also known as 'Sveshnikov'. He usually played 1.f4 with white. Many of the 'top' grand masters took his ideas; for example Petrosian played one of his Sicilian ideas in the first game of the match vs Fischer, Buenos Aires 1971: 1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 e6 3.d4 cd4 4.Nd4 Nc6 5.Nb5 d6 6.Bf4 e5 7.Bg5 Nf6 8.Bg5 Be6 9.N1c3 a6 10.Bf6 gf6 11.Na3 d5!. International Tournament "Jiri Pelikan Memorial" - Grand Masters Group The first International Grandmaster Tournament played entirely using electronic mail (email) will start on February 1st, 1997. Players from Europe, Oceania, Africa, Central America and South America will take part in a very strong tournament. Player Country ELO Tittle ICCF ID# Johnson,Maurice WENG 2630 G * 210448 Brooks,Ian S ENG 2430 210408 Kilgour,David A SCO 2580 G * 620192 Pyrich,George D SCO 2375 M 620204 van Kempen,Heinz-Erich GER 2605 M (1)81237 Lueers,Eckhard GER 2475 M83324 Dorner,Joaquin GUA 2525 720008 Olafsson,Hannes ISD 2535 G 300060 West,Guy AUS 2440 M30152 Alvarez,Roberto Gabriel ARG 2405 (2)20486 Kokkila,Tero FIN 2625 G * 460402 Parkkinen,Jyrki FIN 2540 M 460374 Berdichesky,RubenARG 250520339 Barlow,John AZIM 2505 M (3) 760001 Mujica,Mario Gustavo ARG 239520405 Rating Average: 2505 ICCF Category: XI International GM Title: 9 (out of 14) International IM Title: 6 (out of 14) * Received the IGM Title in Bad Neuenahr ICCF Congress, 1996 (1) qualifies as IGM (2) provisional rating 2490 based on 14 games, use 2405. (3) obtained IM norms; will receive the IM title in Buenos Aires 1997. Starting date: February 1st, 1997 Official pairings to be sent in January 1997. Tournament Secretary: IA GM Juan Sebastian Morgado Appeal Instance: IA IM Ragnar Wikman Rules: Official ICCF Email Rules, available for free. -English: send a message to: firstname.lastname@example.org -Spanish: send a message to: email@example.com Prizes: 1st place: U$S 500 2nd place: U$S 250 3rd place: U$S 150 4th place: U$S 100 Worldwide coverage: regular updates of the tournament, including games, will be availables through: -USENET rec.games.chess.play-by-email newsgroup -http://iccf.com (Official ICCF www site) -ICCF Email Tournaments Mailing List 18) HIGHLIGHTS OF THE 1996 FIDE CONGRESS by Phil Haley, FIDE delegate and Zonal President, Canada [I have been meaning to put this in for a few weeks but it always got squeezed out at the last moment. This is one of the most detailed accounts of the FIDE Congress in Yerevan] The 1996 FIDE Congress was held in Yerevan, Armenia from September 24 to October 2, 1996. Generally speaking the meeting was another poor one. The Central Committee was far too large and ineffectively chaired with no recommendations being made and everything being deferred to the General Assembly. The first session of the General Assembly was an hour late in starting and no one from the executive advised the delegates what was going on, why the delay or when the meeting would start. When the meeting of the General Assembly finally started it also was ineffectively chaired with little effort to stick to the topic or to progress through the agenda. Similar to the meetings in Moscow, 1994 and Paris, 1995 the whole congress was highlighted by political intrigue and night long maneuvering. On the other hand, as is always the case, the various technical committees worked long and hard and deserve commendation for their efforts. The facilities for the Olympiad were excellent. Solid wooden tables with inlaid boards and very good standard chess sets were a major plus. Arrangements for spectators were very good. Although each match was roped off, it was done in such a manner that spectators had access to all the matches except the top matches on the stage but this was partially compensated for by having good seats for spectators and four large electronic demonstration boards and a number of smaller demonstration boards. The facilities for the FIDE Congress were generally very good but with a number of drawbacks. The Central Committee met in a very large and beautiful conference room. It was not, however, very practical as we sat in one enormous circle, needed microphones to speak and it was frequently difficult to see who was speaking while at the same time the acoustics were very poor. The General assembly met in a very nice large auditorium with very comfortable seats and very good acoustics. On the other hand although simultaneous translation was provided there were only sufficient receivers available for the actual delegates and the counselors and others present had to do without which was not satisfactory. I received large applause when I brought this to the attention of the president early in the meeting but apparently it was not possible to do anything about it. The Rules Commission under the chairmanship of Geurt Gijssen of the Netherlands accomplished a massive task in reviewing all submissions and reaching agreement on a new edition of the Rules of Chess which will become effective July 1, 1997. I had submitted a draft of the proposed new rules to our International arbiters and Jonathan Berry, Martin Jaeger and Alex Knox each provided input for review and discussion. Jonathan Berry, who was one of the arbiters for the Olympiad took part in the meetings. There were submissions also from a number of other countries including a major submission from the Norwegian Chess Association. The 1996 World Championship knockout tournament with a $5 million prize fund as proposed by President Kirsan Iljumzhinov will not be held. This is doubly unfortunate in that the 1996 Interzonals had been unilaterally canceled in favour of the new World Championship tournament. It is now planned to hold the first of these events in 1997 and hold them every two years alternating with the Olympiads. No sponsor has as yet been found although President Iljumzhinov assured the Congress that this would not be a problem. GM Sunye Neto announced the resignation of GM Ian Rogers, Chairman of the Players Council who resigned because the Players Council had not supported, as announced, the proposed Annual World Championship. Mr. Stewart Reuben, chairman of the Organizers Committee, said that the proposed dates were in conflict with several major events and noted that his committee had not been consulted about the proposed dates for the event. I raised the question of the rights of the Zonal winners to have either progressed to an Interzonal or to take part in the 1996 World Championship where they would have been guaranteed a minimum of $6,000. (U.S.) even if they lost in the first round. I also pointed out that Canada now has winners of two Zonal tournaments qualified for future events and noted that the fact that the 1996 World Championship knockout tournament would not be held would create problems. The General Assembly referred the whole question of the World Championship to the Presidential Board for review and decision in conjunction with input from the World Championship Cycle Committee and the Organizers Committee. All the players who attended a talk by President Iljumzhinov had been given "goodie bags" each containing a bottle of Kirsan vodka, a tub of Kirsan black caviar, a gold plated stainless steel Kirsan watch, an excellent hardcover book covering the Karpov-Kamsky match, a paperback on Kirsan Iljumzhinov plus a dramatically written comic book with the life story of President Iljumzhinov. Members of the press and those delegates, including me, who attended a press conference by President Iljumzhinov were given similar gifts. I understand that President Iljumzhinov, with both his talk and his gifts, made a favourable impression on the members of a number of teams. On the other hand at least some of these players will not be happy that the 1996 Interzonal Tournament was unilaterally canceled, that the 1996 world championship knockout tournament has been canceled and that the future of Zonal tournaments is in question . World Champion Anatoly Karpov advised the General Assembly that he had still only received less than half of his prize from the Karpov-Kamsky match. He has been told that the remainder will be forthcoming and he was not ready to make a major issue of this at the present time. The locations of future FIDE congresses and Olympiads were established. The 1997 FIDE Congress will be held in Oslo, Norway. The 1998 Congress and Olympiad is scheduled for Elista in the Kalmyk Republic in Russia. Iceland has an option on the 1999 Congress and advised that it would be a month or two before they would confirm this option or not. Croatia had an option on the 2000 Congress and Olympiad but allowed the option to drop. Verbal bids for these events were submitted on behalf of Curitiba, Brazil and Amsterdam, the Netherlands whereas a documented bid was submitted by the Turkish Chess Federation for Istanbul. The FIDE Congress and Olympiad for the year 2000 will be held in Istanbul. Unresolved confusion resulted from a surprise announcement from Andrei Makarov, the president of the Russian Chess Federation, that Kasparov and Karpov had signed an agreement to take part in a world championship match outside the jurisdiction of FIDE. This was particularly surprising in that Karpov had been present the previous day and did not mention it either at the FIDE meeting or at his press conference. GM Bachar Kouatly told the assembly that he had been advised by Karpov that he had signed no such document and subsequently Roman Toran of Spain read a fax from Karpov again stating that he had signed no such agreement and would only play a world championship match under the auspices of FIDE. President Iljumzhinov made no comment about Makarov s announcement that the match would be held outside the jurisdiction of FIDE and made no comment as to whether he had been told in advance about Makarov s announcement. I went to the podium and pointedly asked President Iljumzhinov if he had been aware of the content of Mr. Makarov s announcement. He replied that he had known nothing about it. Subsequently, copies of the original document in Russian with signatures of Karpov and Kasparov as well as a translation in English were distributed but, as this seemed to be in direct contradiction of the fax from Karpov, the General Assembly was left in bewilderment. No visible effort was made by the president to resolve what was going on and it remains a mystery. The US Chess Federation had submitted a motion that would change the term of the Chairman from concluding in 1998 to 1996 thereby deleting the position of Chairman. Mr. Campomanes adroitly deflected this motion by saying that the tradition of FIDE is to have a strong president and he proposed that the office of Chairman be removed from the Statutes. This was approved. Later in the meeting, Professor Kurt Jungwirth of Austria, the European president, proposed that Mr.Campomanes as an honorary president be admitted to the meetings of the Presidential Board with the right to vote. Although the president normally lingered and let matters drift on this occasion he quickly said "without objection " and "next item " A number of people including me were unhappy with Professor Jungwirth for making this proposal and told him so but none of them spoke up at the meeting although the way it came up and the way it was handled left little opportunity to do so. One item that received unanimous vocal support was the awarding of the Honorary Member title to GM Miguel Najdorf of Argentina. GM Najdorf ate his meals at the Armenia I hotel with the members of the Argentine team and Juan Angel Mas, the Argentine FIDE delegate. He is in remarkably good shape for his age. I spoke to him one evening at dinner and he asked to be remembered to his friend GM Abe Yanofsky of whom he spoke very highly . The Central Committee being a smaller and higher level group than the General Assembly normally proceeds in order with every item on the agenda for the General Assembly. It cannot make any binding decisions but traditionally has been effective in providing a more in-depth review of items and helping to advance matters in the General Assembly by carefully reviewing the subject matter and making recommendations to the General Assembly for discussion and approval or otherwise. Unfortunately, the Central Committee has now got to be very large and this fact, plus the manner in which the meeting was chaired resulted in very little being accomplished with no votes and no recommendations. An excessively long period of time was spent on the question of the omission of the report of the Verification Commission from the minutes of the Paris Congress. It was this commission that raised the question of the validity of the "ex-gratia" payments to Messrs. Campomanes and Makropolous. Mr. Steven Doyle of the U.S. Chess Federation was adamant that he had given the typed report to the secretary Mr. Abundo. Mr. Abundo was equally adamant that he had never been given the report. Rather than confining the discussion to the question of the omission, the meeting deteriorated to a shouting match between Mr. Campomanes and Mr. Doyle and a long exposition by Mr. Makropoulos seeking to explain that he was actually owed more by FIDE than he had received in his "ex-gratia" payment. The question of follow-up action relative to the report of the Verification Committee that met at the Paris Congress last year and the "ex-gratia" payments to Messrs. Campomanes and Makropolous had been put on the agenda of the General Assembly by Egon Ditt on behalf of the German Chess Federation. Mr. Ditt had twice written President Iljumzhinov and asked that the matter be referred to Dr.Liniger of Switzerland for review and advice. Mr. Ditt wanted to avoid a long discussion at the Yerevan Congress by having this matter addressed in advance. Mr. Ditt reported that he had received no answer to these letters. Instead President Iljumzhinov had signed and circulated a statement on March 10, 1996 stating that " We hereby categorically declare that the FIDE General Assembly in Paris approved without reservation the FIDE Treasurer s report and all its contents, including the "ex-gratia" payments to then President Campomanes and Secretary General Makropoulos. Although it was item 2 on the agenda, the question of the "ex-gratia" payments was not taken up in the proper order and when it was taken up at the General Assembly late on the last day, time was very short and very little discussion resulted. The General Assembly did not hear the long discussion that took place at the Central Committee. Mr. Ditt asked for answers as to who approved these "ex-gratia" payments and on what basis were they calculated and were they calculated correctly. . .and suggested that the new treasurer look into these matters. The General Assembly approved asking Dr. Rolf. Liniger of Switzerland to study the matter and to provide his legal opinion. The executive council had decided that the election would be contested by teams of eight the president, two deputy presidents, general secretary, treasurer and three vice-presidents. A deadline of July 22 was established for the submission of team lists. Subsequently however President Iljumzhinov changed his mind and proposed instead that voting only be held for teams of two the president and deputy president. Two teams of eight were established one consisted of GM Bachar Kouatly (France) for president and Anatoly Karpov(Russia) and Roman Toran (Spain) for deputy presidents, Dr. Pedro Barrera (El Salvador), Major David Hamoonga (Zambia) and Sun Lianzhi (China) for vice-presidents, Morten Sand (Norway) for general secretary and Mohammed Succar (Lebanon) for treasurer. The other team consisted of GM Jaime Sunje-Neto for president and Einar Einarsson(Iceland) and Noureddine Tabbane (Tunisia) for deputy presidents, Egon Ditt (Germany), Andrei Makarov (Russia) and Steven Doyle (U.S.) for vice presidents, Emmanuel Omuku (Nigeria) for general secretary and Gunther Loewenthal (Netherlands) for treasurer. President Iljumzhinov, trusting that the General Assembly would turn down this original team of eight proposal , submitted a team of two with himself for president and Georgios Makropoulos (Greece) as deputy president. To aid in partially understanding subsequent events it should be noted that GM Jaime Sunye Neto had not selected his own team but he himself and his team had been selected by a committee (Ditt, Germany: Gelfer, Israel and Loewenthal,Netherlands) that had been established at the unofficial European meeting in Utrecht.(attended also by Fan Adams from the U.S. and myself from Canada) At that time probably no one was more outspokenly against President Iljumzhinov than was Andrei Makarov of Russia. The selection committee felt that the three largest federations . . . Russia, Germany and the U.S. should each be represented on the ticket. In retrospect this proved to be an error as Makarov not only carried with him a negative image based on his performance at the Moscow congress but also some time later made peace with Iljumzhinov and announced that he would support Iljumzhinov providing Kouatly was not on his ticket. Another problem surfaced in that , Emanuel Omuku, a capable lawyer from Nigeria, who had accepted a position on Sunye Neto s team as a candidate for General Secretary withdrew his support for Sunye Neto and threw his support to Iljumzhinov. There are conflicting stories as to the reasons why Omuku left Sunye Neto s team. . .but regardless of the reasons, out of an initial team of eight Jaime Sunye Neto had now lost the support of two. As a further aid in understanding subsequent events, it should be noted that all candidates must be nominated by their federations and Andrei Makarov, president of the Russian Chess Federation (and with a close relationship to Kasparov) wrote a very strong letter saying that he would not nominate Karpov. Although never officially so stated, it was generally felt that the intent of the Kouatly team was to more or less act as a fallback alternative for Iljumzhinov with Karpov announcing that he never really intended to actually become deputy president it was expected that if Iljumzhinov s proposal to vote for teams of two was rejected that he would then replace Karpov on Kouatly s ticket and run for president on this ticket with Kouatly running for deputy president. An agreement reached at night between Kirsan Iljumzhinov and Jaime Sunye Neto led to the distribution at the Central Committee of a document entitled "DECLARATION" in which Iljumzhinov and Sunye Neto reached an agreement to form a joint ticket and thus avoid an election Iljumzhinov would be president and Sunye Neto would become Chief Executive Officer. The document stated that " we join our programs and plans" and spelled out the separate responsibilities of the president and chief executive officer. Some people thought at this point that GM Kouatly would now withdraw his ticket and the joint team of Iljumzhinov and Sunye Neto would be presented to the General Assembly for confirmation without disruptive voting. However, Bachar Kouatly now stated that this declaration was one of two sides only and that the third side, his side, had not been consulted. President Iljumzhinov proposed that the Declaration be used as a basis for further negotiations and that the Declaration be recommended to the General Assembly. Negotiations continued throughout the night with the expectations that a joint team would be presented to the General Assembly for confirmation. The first session of the General Assembly was an hour late in convening and it soon became apparent that in spite of all the night time negotiations no agreement had been reached primarily because of the inability of Iljumzhinov and Sunye Neto and their respective supporters to reach agreement on the composition of the joint ticket. At the General Assembly I went to the podium and in a passionate address said that many delegates were sick and tired that for the third congress in a row we were being subjected to behind-the-scene and well into the night maneuvering relative to elections and that we had reached the General Assembly after two days of Central Committee meetings and no one still knew how we were voting nor did we know the composition of the teams for which we would be voting. I said that decisions were being made in the middle of the night and that we had to return to running our organization in an open and ethical manner. For the third year in a row I observed that we start the General Assembly in a state of disorder. I said that our General Assembly members have a right to see and hear what is going on. I pointed out that the whole concept of team voting was flawed and that it resulted in an inability to elect the best candidate for each position as well. I moved that we return to the old system of voting for each position individually. My motion was seconded by Mr. Khalifa Al-Hitmi (Qatar) vice-president of the Asian zone and strongly supported by Mr. Nichola Palladino of Italy and Dr.Andrzej Filipowicz of Poland. Gunther Loewenthal (Netherlands) said that this was a sad day for FIDE and expressed support for my motion as did Roman Toran(Spain). Even though moved and seconded. . . no action was taken to call a vote with the meeting digressing in all directions. Unfortunately, there are few FIDE delegates who have both the desire and the ability to become the president of FIDE. Morten Sand of Norway, who had been appointed a vice-president after last year s meeting in Paris ,is one who I believe has the potential to be a good future candidate for the president s position . Mr. Sand very frankly spoke to the General Assembly and said that he was very sorry, that the Presidential Board including himself had not done their job, that meetings in Singapore, Doha and Elista and now Yerevan have been monopolized by fighting. He added that he was fed up with the fighting and it must stop. He also said that President Iljumzhinov was no Mother Teresa and had taken part in the fighting also. Finally he observed that GM Bachar Kouatly had done more than any other member of the board. We finally voted on my motion late the next day and one delegate said to me that I would have the Guinness world record for the longest delay between when a motion was presented and when it was voted on. There was considerably lobbying by Mr. Makropolous and by Ambassador Alexey Orlov ( Iljumzhinov s right hand man) that we should elect Mr. Iljumzhinov and allow him to select his own ticket thus providing him with an executive that would be a cooperative team that would be able to productively proceed with Mr. Iljumzhinov s programs. As one would expect many objected to this on the ground that it was in essence giving Iljumzhinov what amounted to a blank cheque. My motion received a 69 to 60 majority in a roll call vote. Although a substantial number were in favour the motion did not pass as it required a 2/3 majority. Next there was a vote on the Executive Council proposal to vote for tickets of eight. This was defeated by a wide margin with 40 in favour and 63 against. Finally there was a vote on the President s proposal for teams of two, amended by Mr. Makropolous to call for voting for the president only. This received a majority of 77 in favour and 55 against but was defeated as it did not receive the necessary 2/3 majority. The election then reverted to the team of five concept and of course this now meant that President Iljumzhinov would have to declare his ticket. Another night of maneuvering continued with some people being approached as late as 4 a.m. to join a ticket. In the meantime, the previous night s Assembly meeting had adjourned in disorder with GM Bachar Kouatly bringing to the attention of the floor that Mr. Ignatius Leong of Singapore and the FIDE administrative manager had been ordered out of the meeting by President Iljumzhinov after he had apparently voted a proxy in opposition to President Iljumzhinov s wishes. Although he was not the official FIDE delegate from Singapore he was at that time representing the Singapore delegate and had three proxies of which he had kept the allowed one and reassigned two others. It was also stated that his proxies were removed The statement by Bachar Kouatly caused an uproar in the General Assembly and President Iljumzhinov quickly adjourned the meeting to the next morning. The lights were lowered and the microphones turned off. GM Sunye Neto spoke softly to the Assembly and asked that delegates return quietly to their hotels. It was later said that Mr. Leong and the Singapore delegate were concerned and Mr. Doyle sought the protection of the U.S. embassy on their behalf. What happened next is not totally clear but apparently President Iljumzhinov apologized late that night and the next morning Mr.Leong advised the Assembly that he had not been physically threatened. Mr. Herman Hamers of the Netherlands spoke on behalf of Mr. Leong but other than this the matter was not pursued. Professor Vanik Zakarian, president of the Armenian Chess Federation had been silent throughout the Congress but he now spoke passionately and said some people were trying to spoil the Congress and observed that everyone was protected by the Armenian state and problems should have been brought to him. Finally, slates had to be announced. One ticket consisted of Kirsan Iljumzhinov (Russia) for president, Georgios Makropoulos (Greece) for deputy president, P.T. Ummer Koya (India) for vice-president, Noureddine Tabbane (Tunisia) for General Secretary and David Jarrett (England) for treasurer. The other ticket consisted of Jaime Sunye Neto (Brazil) for president, Jan Banas (Slovakia) for deputy president, Cholid Ghozali (Indonesia) for vice-president, Rupert Jones (Botswana) for General Secretary and Gunther Loewenthal (Netherlands) for treasurer. David Jarrett was a surprise member of Iljumzhinov s ticket. He was phoned at 4 a.m. that morning and asked if he would accept. He had a difficult time making up his mind but finally did so. As treasurer, David Jarrett will be a capable and independent addition to the Presidential Board and I believe that he will serve FIDE well even though one might at the same time have mixed feelings as to whether he should have accepted the position. Mr. Tabbane had been on GM Sunye Neto s initial team and I do not know the circumstances as to how he became part of Iljumzhinov s team. GM Sunye Neto s final slate was also a surprise as other than himself only Gunther Loewenthal remained of the original team. A secret ballot election took place and Kirsan Iljumzhinov s team received 87 votes and Jaime Sunye Neto s team received 46 votes. I personally made it very clear to everyone that I would be voting for Sunye Neto and I did so. With the financial resources of President Iljumzhinov and with Campomanes, Makropolous and Orlov actively working on his behalf it would have been difficult for anyone to defeat him. On the other hand, however, there was a high level of dissatisfaction and I believe he could have been defeated with a managed concerted team effort by a team that was dedicated to stick with their presidential candidate through thick and thin right to the end. Steven Doyle of the U.S had displayed his displeasure at the Central Committee but was unexpectedly very quiet at much of the General Assembly. Israel Gelfer of Israel had been a member of the nomination committee in Utrecht and, in a fax to a large number of federations just prior to the Yerevan Congress, he expressed strong dissatisfaction with the situation in FIDE and strongly supported Jaime Sunye Neto. Unfortunately, Mr. Gelfer was not present in Yerevan. There were lots of opportunities to take the floor and challenge the president on many points but very few of the delegates in opposition to Iljumzhinov were willing to do so. The fact that 46 delegates voted against Iljumzhinov in spite of the defections from the Sunye Neto team and in spite of the lack of a concerted orchestrated effort by the opposition and in spite of Sunye Neto s lack of financial resources. . . shows that there were a significant number of delegates disenchanted with Iljumzhinov s performance. Every delegate who changed sides represents a two vote swing. . .it only took a change of 21 of Sunye Neto s supporters swinging to the other side to allow Iljumzhinov s win. President Iljumzhinov now made the surprise announcement that he was adding four additional vice-presidents to the Presidential Board. These were Andrei Makarov (Russia), Steven Doyle (U.S.), Dr. Pedro Barrera (El Salvador) and Professor Vanik Zakarian (Armenia). Pedro Barrera had told me in advance that he had been asked. On the other hand I was totally surprised by the appointment of Steven Doyle as a vice-president in that he had neither consulted with me nor advised me that he had been approached by Iljumzhinov first with an offer of the treasurer s position and later with the offer of a vice-presidency. I believe that the appointment of four additional vice-presidents was totally inappropriate. The Assembly had voted against teams of eight which would have included the normal slate of five plus three vice-presidents. It is an advantage to those appointed in that their total expenses will be paid to meetings of the Presidential Board, the Executive Council, the Central Committee and General Assembly. The organizers of these events pay the travel, hotel and meal costs for the vice-presidents and FIDE itself pays their other expenses. Although it will be said that it is the organizers and not FIDE that pays most of the additional cost, in fact the added cost will make it more difficult for potential organizers to raise the funds necessary to host these events. President Iljumzhinov obviously has the personal financial resources which should make it substantially easier for him to function successfully as president. Earlier in the week I had a fifteen minute private discussion with him and gave him my input on what needed to be improved in FIDE. I told him that I had had no answer to a letter I had written to him with 13 suggestions for improving FIDE and not only had he not replied to my letter but he had taken no action to see that the subject matter was discussed at either the Presidential Board or the Executive Council even though it was repeatedly brought to his attention. Similarly he had answered no letters from Egon Ditt and I presume from no one else. Communications during the past year were very poor and in my opinion he must be more open in the future if he is going to achieve success. He smiles, nods his head and says yes but does not enter into discussion. New elections will be held in Elista in 1998. In the meantime we will see whether President Iljumzhinov can win the respect of all FIDE members while at the same time being successful in resolving FIDE s financial problems as well as all the questions that remain following his unilateral canceling of the Interzonals and the late decision not to run the World Championship Tournament in 1996 19) The Czech System - 1.e4 d6 2.d4 Nf6 3.Nc3 c6!? - Part VIII By Marco R. Martini (ITA) - Email: firstname.lastname@example.org - WWW : htpp://www.icom.it./user/scac There are some additional theoretical lines in the THEO109.CBF section also. 1.e4 d6 2.d4 Nf6 3.Nc3 c6 4.h3 Nbd7 [4...e5 A) 5.Nf3 Qc7 6.Bd3 (6.a4 b6 7.Be2 Ba6 8.0-0 Bxe2 9.Qxe2 Be7 10.dxe5 dxe5 11.Nh4 0-0 12.Nf5 g6 13.Nxe7+ Qxe7 14.b3 Qe6 15.Rd1 Rc8 16.a5 Nbd7 17.Ba3 Ne8 18.Rd3 bxa5 19.Qd2 Nb6 20.Bc5 a4 21.Nxa4 Nxa4 22.Rxa4 a6 23.Rd7 Rc7 24.Qh6 1-0 Sikora,Bozena-Mozna,Eva/ Praha BOH-W (13) 1992) b5 7.0-0 Be7 8.Ne2 0-0 9.Ng3 Nbd7 10.Nf5 Nb6 11.Nxe7+ Qxe7 12.dxe5 dxe5 13.Bg5 Qe6 14.Nh4 h6 15.Bc1 Qe7 16.Qf3 g5 17.Nf5 Bxf5 18.Qxf5 Nh5 19.g3 Ng7 20.Qf3 Rad8 21.b3 Rfe8 22.Be3 Ne6 23.h4 f6 24.hxg5 fxg5 25.Qf5 Qg7 26.Kg2 Nd4 27.Qg4 Nd7 28.Bxd4 exd4 29.f4 Nf6 Palos,Osman-Schwarz,Michael/Badenweiler open (06) 1990/1-0 ; B) 5.dxe5 dxe5 6.Qxd8+ Kxd8 B1) 7.Bg5 Bb4 (7...Bd6 8.Nf3 Be6 9.Bxf6+ gxf6 10.Nh4 Bb4 11.0-0-0+ Kc7 12.Rd3 Nd7 +=) 8.0-0-0+ Ke7 9.Nge2 Be6 10.f4 h6 11.Bh4 Nbd7 12.b3 exf4 13.Kb2 g5 14.Bf2 Bc5 15.Bd4 Rad8 16.a3 Rhe8 17.b4 Bxd4 18.Nxd4 Ne5 19.Be2 Rd7 20.Nf3 Rxd1 21.Rxd1 Nfd7 22.Nd4 Nb6 23.Nxe6 fxe6 24.Kb3 Rd8 25.Rxd8 Kxd8 26.a4 Nbd7 27.a5 Kc7 28.Nb1 Nf6 29.Nd2 Kd6 30.Kc3 b6 31.Kd4 h5 Leistenschneider,J-Pfeiffer,S/NRW-II 9091 KKS Koln 1990/0-1 ; B2) 7.Nf3 Bd6 8.Bc4 Ke7 9.0-0 (9.Be3 b5 10.Bd3 Bb7 11.0-0-0 Nbd7 12.Nh4 g6 13.f3 Bc5 14.Rhe1 Bxe3+ 15.Rxe3 Nh5 16.Bf1 Nc5 17.b4 Ne6 18.Red3 Bc8 19.Ne2 a5 20.a3 axb4 21.axb4 Nhf4 22.Nxf4 exf4 23.Kb2 Ra4 24.c3 Ng7 25.Rd4 Be6 26.Ra1 Rxa1 27.Kxa1 Ra8+ 28.Kb1 Ra3 29.Kb2 Ra2+ 30.Kb1 Rf2 31.Bd3 Ba2+ 32.Kc1 Ne6 0-1 Gisler,M-Pribyl,M/Ticino op 1991) b5 10.Bd3 Nbd7 11.Be3 Bb7 12.a4= Dussort-Horwath Canaries 1995] [4...Qa5 5.Bd3 e5 6.Nf3 (6.Nge2 b5 7.0-0 Be7 8.Be3 0-0 9.f4 Nbd7 10.Ng3 exd4 11.Bxd4 b4 12.Nf5 Re8 13.Ne2 Bf8 14.Neg3 c5 15.Bxf6 Nxf6 16.e5 c4 17.exf6 cxd3 18.fxg7 Bxf5 19.gxf8Q+ Kxf8 20.Nxf5 Qxf5 21.Qxd3 Qxd3 22.cxd3 Re2 23.Rf2 Re3 24.Rd1 Rc8 25.Kf1 Ke7 26.Re2 Rxe2 27.Kxe2 Ke6 28.Kd2 h5 29.g4 hxg4 30.hxg4 Kd5 31.Re1 Rh8 32.g5 Rh4 33.Re4 Rh2+ 34.Re2 Rh3 35.Re4 «-« Cohen,F-Houska,M/4NCL Ware ENG (8) 1996) Be7 (6...h6 7.0-0 Be6 8.Ne2 Nbd7 9.c4 exd4 10.Nexd4 Qh5 11.Nxe6 fxe6 12.Be3 g5 13.Be2 g4 14.Nh2 Qg6 15.Bxg4 Rg8 16.Bd4 e5 17.Be3 Qxe4 18.Bf3 Qg6 19.g3 e4 20.Bg2 Ne5 21.Qb3 Qf7 22.Rac1 Qd7 23.Rfd1 Nf3+ 24.Nxf3 exf3 25.Bxf3 0-0-0 26.Bg2 Kb8 27.Qa4 c5 28.Qb3 Qc7 29.a4 Qb6 30.Qd3 a5 31.Rc3 Qc7 32.Rb3 b6 33.Rb5 Rd7 34.b4 Kc8 35.bxa5 bxa5 36.Rdb1 Kd8 37.Rb7 1-0 Devcic,M-Pesuto,I/Buenos Aires Cup Lat (05) 1991)(6...Nbd7 7.0-0 Be7 8.Be3 0-0 9.Nh4 exd4 10.Bxd4 Nc5 11.Re1 Nxd3 12.Qxd3 Re8 13.e5 dxe5 14.Rxe5 Qc7 15.Rae1 Be6 16.Rg5 h6 17.Rxg7+ Kxg7 18.Rxe6 fxe6 19.Qg6+ Kf8 20.Bxf6 Bxf6 21.Qxf6+ Kg8 22.Qxh6 Qg7 23.Qe3 Rad8 24.Ne4 Qe5 25.g3 Rd4 26.Nf3 Rxe4 27.Nxe5 Rxe3 28.fxe3 Rd8 29.Nd3 e5 30.e4 Rd4 31.Kf2 Rxe4 32.b3 b6 33.c3 1-0 Meiers-Kharlov/ Leningrad-chT 1989) 7.dxe5 dxe5 8.Bd2 Qc7 9.0-0 0-0 10.Qe2 b5 11.a4 b4 12.Nd1 a5 13.Ne3 Re8 14.Nc4 Nbd7 15.Bg5 h6 16.Be3 Bc5 17.Nh4 Bxe3 1/2-1/2 Bechyne-Kolin, Praga 1995] [4...b5 5.a3 Nbd7 A) 6.g4 Bb7 (6...h6 7.Bg2 e5 8.Nge2 Bb7 9.0-0 a5 10.Ng3 b4 11.Na4 Ba6 12.Re1 g6 13.Be3 h5 14.g5 h4 15.gxf6 hxg3 16.fxg3 Qxf6 17.axb4 axb4 18.Qd2 Rb8 19.c3 bxc3 20.Nxc3 Bc4 21.Ra7 exd4 22.e5 dxe5 23.Bxd4 Bh6 24.Be3 Bxe3+ 25.Rxe3 Nc5 26.Qd4 0-0 27.Qxc4 Rxb2 28.Rf3 Qg5 29.Raxf7 Qc1+ 30.Rf1 1-0 Bastian,H-Breutigam,M/BL 9091 Delmenhorst- 1991) 7.g5 Ng8 8.Bg2 e5 9.Nge2 h6 10.gxh6 Nxh6 11.Be3 a6 12.Qd2 Qc7 13.Ng3 Ng8 14.f4 Ngf6 15.0-0 Nh5 16.Nxh5 Rxh5 17.fxe5 dxe5 18.Qf2 Nf6 19.Qg3 Rh7 20.dxe5 Nh5 21.Qf3 Bc8 22.Ne2 g6 23.Nf4 Nxf4 24.Bxf4 Be6 25.Rad1 Bc5+ 26.Kh2 Be7 27.Qg3 Rh5 28.Qf3 Kf8 29.Rd6 Bxd6 30.exd6 Qd7 Muller,Karsten-Pribyl,Josef/Praha Vysehrad-A (02) 1990/1/2-1/2; B) 6.g3 e5 7.Nge2 Be7 8.Bg2 h5 9.0-0 Bb7 10.Be3 Qc7 11.f4 0-0 12.Qe1 Rfe8 13.Qf2 Bf8 14.dxe5 dxe5 15.f5 a5 16.Bf3 b4 17.Na4 c5 18.Qg2 Bc6 19.b3 Qb7 20.axb4 axb4 21.Rfd1 Rad8 22.Bg5 Be7 23.g4 hxg4 24.hxg4 Bxe4 25.Bxe4 Qxe4 26.Qxe4 Nxe4 27.Bxe7 Rxe7 28.Nb6 Kh7 29.Rd3 Safranska,A-Sheremetieva,M/Volshski (49) 1989/0-1 ] [4...Qc7 A) 5.Nf3 e5 6.a4 Be7 (6...a5 7.Bc4 Be7 8.0-0 0-0 9.Be3 Na6 10.Nd2 Nb4 11.Bb3 Nd7 12.f4 exd4 13.Bxd4 Bf6 +=)(6...b6 7.Bg5 Nbd7 8.Bxf6 Nxf6 9.d5 a6 10.Bc4 Bb7 11.0-0 Be7 12.dxc6 Bxc6 13.Nd5 Qb7 14.Nxf6+ gxf6 15.Re1 f5 16.exf5 Rg8 with compensation, Velicka,P-Blatny,P Czestochowa (open) 1992) 7.Bc4 0-0 8.0-0 Nbd7 9.Re1 exd4 10.Nxd4 +=; B) 5.g3 e5 6.Nge2 b5 7.a3 a6 8.Bg2 Bb7 9.0-0 Nbd7 10.f4 Be7 11.Kh2 Rc8 12.Be3 0-0 13.Qe1 Rfe8 14.g4 exd4 15.Bxd4 c5 16.Bf2 Bf8 17.Nd5 Qb8 18.Nxf6+ Nxf6 19.Ng3 Qa8 20.Qd2 Nxe4 21.Nxe4 Bxe4 22.Bxe4 Rxe4 23.Rae1 Rce8 24.Rxe4 Rxe4 25.Re1 Qe8 26.Kg3 d5 27.Kf3 g6 28.Rd1 Bd6 29.Bg3 d4 30.Re1 f5 31.Re2 Qc6 32.Kf2 c4 33.gxf5 Bc5 34.Rxe4 Qxe4 35.Bh4 d3+ 36.Kg3 Be3 37.Qa5 Qxf4+ 0-1 Grzadka,Marcin-Gawronski,Miroslaw/Czestochowa open (06) 1992] 5.Nf3 [5.f4 Qa5 6.Bd3 e5 7.Nge2 Be7 8.Be3 exd4 9.Nxd4 Nc5 10.0-0 Nxd3 11.cxd3 0-0 12.Qd2 Qh5 13.Nce2 Bd8 14.f5 Ne8 15.Kh2 Qh4 16.Ng3 Qe7 17.Rae1 f6 18.Nf3 Qf7 19.b3 a5 20.d4 Be7 21.d5 c5 22.Ne2 g5 23.fxg6 hxg6 24.Ng5 Qg7 25.Ne6 Bxe6 26.Bh6 Qf7 27.dxe6 Qxe6 28.Nf4 Qe5 29.Bxf8 Bxf8 Sponheim,O-Westenberger,H/2BLW 8889 Katernberg 1989/1-0 ] [5.g4 h6 6.Bg2 e5 7.Nge2 Be7 8.a4 Nf8 9.f4 Ng6 10.0-0 0-0 11.Be3 exf4 12.Nxf4 Nxf4 13.Bxf4 Be6 14.Qd3 d5 15.e5 Nd7 16.Ne2 c5 17.c3 Rc8 18.Ng3 cxd4 19.cxd4 Rc4 20.Be3 Re8 21.Nf5 Bf8 22.b3 Rc6 23.Bd2 Nb8 24.b4 Qd7 25.b5 Rc4 26.Ne3 Rcc8 27.Qb3 Red8 28.Rac1 Rxc1 29.Rxc1 Be7 Orestes Rodriguez-Rivas/Alicante 3 1989/1-0 ] 5...e5 6.Be2 [6.Be3 Be7 7.Qd2 (7.a4 Qa5 8.Bd3 d5 9.Bd2 dxe4 10.Nxe4 Qc7 11.Ng3 0-0 12.0-0 Re8 13.Re1 +=) 0-0 A) 8.0-0-0 b5 9.Bd3 Re8 10.g4 a6 11.Ne2 exd4 12.Nexd4 Bb7 13.Nf5 c5 14.Bh6? Nxe4 15.Qf4 Bf8 16.Rhe1 Nxf2-+ Puhakka-Celchuk Helsinky 1992 (16...Nxf2 17.Rxe8 Qxe8 18.Re1 Nxd3+ 19.cxd3 Qd8 20.Bxg7 Bxg7 21.Nxd6 Bd5 22.Re8+ Qxe8 23.Nxe8 Rxe8 24.Nh4 Ne5 25.Qg3 Bxa2 26.Nf5 Bd5 27.Qe3 f6 28.g5 c4 29.dxc4 Bxc4 30.Qg1 fxg5 31.Qxg5 Ng6 32.h4 Be5 33.Kc2 Kh8 34.h5 Nf4 35.Ne7 Nd3 36.b3 Nb4+ 0-1 Puhakka,Erkki-Popova-Lelchuk,Zoya/Helsinki open (09) 1992); B) 8.g4 exd4 9.Nxd4 Ne5 10.0-0-0 d5 11.f4 Ng6 12.e5 Ne8 13.Nf5 Bxf5 14.gxf5 Nh4 15.Bd3 f6 16.Qf2 fxe5 17.fxe5 Bg5 18.f6 gxf6 19.Rhg1 Ng7 20.Rg4 Bxe3+ 21.Qxe3 f5 22.Qh6 Ng6 23.Rg5 Rf7 24.h4 Qe7 25.Rdg1 Qxe5 26.h5 Nf8 27.Bxf5 Kh8 28.Kb1 Rxf5 29.Rxg7 Rf1+ 30.Rxf1 Qxg7 31.Qd6 h6 32.Re1 Re8 Haist,W-Raedeker,B/2BLS 8889 Stuttgart- 1989/1/2-1/2] [6.a4 A) 6...a5 7.Be2 (7.Bc4 Be7 8.0-0 0-0 9.Qe2 h6 10.Rd1 Qc7 +=) Be7 8.0-0 0-0 9.Re1 Re8 10.Bf1 Bf8 11.Be3 exd4 12.Bxd4 Qc7 13.Nd2 h6¼ Fishdick,G-Modrova,H Dortmund (open) 1993; B) 6...Be7 7.Bc4 0-0 8.0-0 Nxe4 9.Nxe4 d5 10.Bb3 dxe4 11.Nxe5 Nxe5 12.dxe5 Bf5= Murshed-Mokry Brno 1991 (12...Bf5 13.Bf4 Bc5 14.Qh5 Be6 15.Bxe6 fxe6 16.Qg4 Rf5 17.Rad1 Qe7 18.Bg3 e3 19.fxe3 Bxe3+ 20.Kh2 Qf7 21.Rxf5 exf5 22.Qf3 Bb6 23.Qf4 Re8 24.Rf1 Qe6 25.Qxf5 Qxf5 26.Rxf5 Bc7 27.h4 g6 28.Rg5 Kg7 29.h5 Rd8 30.Rg4 Rd2 31.b3 a5 32.Kh3 Re2 33.hxg6 hxg6 34.Rd4 Bxe5 35.Bxe5+ Rxe5 36.Rd7+ Kf6 37.Rxb7 Murshed,N-Mokry,K/Brno (06) 1991/1/2-1/2)] [6.dxe5 dxe5 7.Bc4 Bb4 8.Qe2 0-0 9.0-0 Qe7 10.Nd1 b5 11.Bd3 Nc5 12.c3 Nxd3 13.Qxd3 Rd8 14.Qc2 Bc5= Wohlfart,H-Vokac,M Praga 1994] 6...Be7 [6...b5 7.a3 a6 (7...Bb7 8.0-0 Be7 9.Bg5 0-0 10.Qd2 h6 11.Bxf6 Bxf6 12.d5 cxd5 13.Nxd5 Nc5 14.Qe3 Bxd5 15.exd5 Qb6 16.Rad1 Rfc8 17.b4 Na4 18.Qxb6 axb6 19.Bxb5 Nc3 20.Bc6 Rxa3 21.Rde1 Ra2 22.Nd2 Rxc2 23.Ne4 Nxe4 24.Rxe4 Ra2 25.Ree1 Rc7 26.Ra1 Rca7 27.Rxa2 Rxa2 28.Rc1 e4 29.Re1 Be5 30.g4 Bd4 31.Rxe4 Bxf2+ 32.Kf1 Holzke,F-Hausner,I/Hamburg IMT (09) 1990/«-« ) 8.0-0 Bb7 9.b4 Be7 10.dxe5 dxe5 11.Nh4 0-0 12.Nf5 c5 13.Nd5 Nxd5 14.exd5 cxb4 15.Nxe7+ Qxe7 16.axb4 Rac8 Valenti-Mantovani, Milano 1990] 7.0-0 0-0 8.a4 [8.Be3 b5 9.Bd3 a6 10.Ne2 Re8 11.c3 Bf8 12.Ng3 Bb7 13.dxe5 dxe5 14.Qe2 Qc7 15.Bc2 Nc5 +=] 8...Re8 [8...b6 9.Re1 (9.dxe5 dxe5 10.Bc4 Qc7 11.Qe2 Nc5 12.Rd1 a6 13.Nh4 Rb8 14.Nf5 b5 15.Nxe7+ Qxe7 16.axb5 axb5 17.Bd3 Ne6 18.Qe3 Nd4 19.Ne2 c5 20.Nxd4 cxd4 21.Qe2 b4 22.b3 Nd7 23.Bd2 Nc5 24.Bc4 Be6 25.Bxe6 Qxe6 26.Rdb1 d3 27.cxd3 Nxb3 28.Ra4 Nd4 29.Qd1 b3 30.Bc3 Rfd8 31.Bxd4 exd4 «-« Shabtai, R.-Har Zvi,R/Tel Aviv 1991) Bb7 10.Bg5 a6 11.Bxf6 Bxf6 12.d5 c5 13.Bd3 Bg5 14.Nxg5 Qxg5 15.Qg4 Qxg4 16.hxg4 f6 17.Nd1 Kf7 18.Ne3 g6 19.f3 Ke7 20.Kf2 Kd8 21.Rh1 Rf7 22.c3 Kc7 23.Ke2 Rb8 24.b4 Bc8 25.b5 a5 26.Rh6 Nf8 27.Nc4 Bd7 28.Ke3 Re8 29.g3 Bc8 30.Rah1 Ree7 31.Be2 Bb7 32.Rf1 Bc8 33.Kd3 Stoll,F-Huemmer,G/2.BL-S 87\8 Wolfbusc 1987/1/2-1/2] 9.Re1 Bf8 10.Bf1 Qc7 11.Bg5 h6 12.Bh4 g6 13.Qd2 Bg7 14.Rad1 a6 15.Qc1 b6 16.Bg3 Bb7 17.Rd2 b5 += Turov-Cernyaev Pietroburgo, 1994.