THE WEEK IN CHESS 109                    09/12/96        Mark Crowther

Tel or fax      01274 882143 [Bradford England]
Produced for Thoth Communications Corporation part
of Grandmaster Technologies Incorporated.

1) Introduction
2) International Tournament in Las Palmas
3) Beliavsky wins the Stocar Bank 96 Tournament in Cacak
4) First Saturday Tournament December
5) Brazilian Chess Championships 1996
6) Dutch Chess Championship Semi-finals Enschede 1996
7) Tomas Jimenez Memorial from Cuba.
8) Kettler Cup
9) Sonnevanck Tournament, Wijk aan Zee.
10) Arbiter of the European Club Cup gives his account of Israeli withdrawal
11) Report of the 20th Kilkenny Congress by John Hurley.
12) Exhibition Chess from the World Champions
13) French Team Championships
14) 7th Nato Championships November 1996
15) Interview with the FIDE President
16) Magazine Review. Chess Mail
17) Forthcoming Events.
	8th International Open Chess Tournament “ANO LIOSIA  '97"
	1997 American Chess Tour by Eric Schiller
	Chess In Edinburgh by Adam Raouf
19) The Czech System - 1.e4 d6 2.d4 Nf6 3.Nc3 c6!? - Part VIII

Games Section

FS IM Dec, Budapest HUN 1996 		  3
ch-BRA, Americana 1996       		 48
Kettler Cup, Ceska Trebova CZE 1996 	 12
Sonnevanck, Wijk aan Zee NED 1996 	 45
Simul, Jerusalem ISR 1996    		  2
Montreal CAN 1964            		  1
blitz, 1996        		  3

Extra Games Section

It, Ciego de Avila CUB 1996  		 91
op, Kilkenny IRL 1996        		 74

French Teams

French Teams, FRA 1996       		543

Dutch Championships Semi-Finals

NED-ch 1996                  		135

1) Introduction

My thanks to Laszlo Nagy, Carlos H Taboada, Christophe Bouton, Gerald
Schendel, Ian  Rogers, Bas van den Berg, John Hurley, Sinisa Joksic,
Eric Schiller, Adam Raouf, Marco  Martini, Anjo Anjewierden, Sylvain
Landry, Mark Pinkhour, Phil Haley, Egon Madsen,  Bretislav Modr, Werner

2) International Tournament in Las Palmas

Monday December 9th is the start date of the strongest international
tournament this year.  There is an official www site
( coverage  will also
be available on my pages which I will start seriously tomorrow. The
organising  committee headed by José Miguel Fraguela Gil has achieved a
great field. This is a  Christmas treat which could only be improved by
being twice as long. This is the kind of  event I could live with being
held every year a much better test than a knockout event such  as that
proposed by FIDE.

Days play.

Play will take place on December 9,10,11,12,15,16,17,19,20 and 21. The
players will play  each other twice. There is a long break between the
12th and 15th in order to allow Karpov  to travel to Disneyland to play
his part on those events. The events taking place in this largely
junior event will be available at  the URL:

The two K's

It is the first time that Gary Kasparov and Anatoly Karpov have played
together since the  Linares tournament held in February/March 1994. On
that occasion Karpov won by a  sensational 2.5 points from Kasparov and
Shirov. Shortly after the event finished Karpov  turned down an
invitation to the VSB tournament which Kasparov was playing in (some say
 he withdrew from the event) and left this, his greatest tournament
triumph, as the last event  where they both participated.

Since 1994 Karpov has taken part in a protracted FIDE cycle which ended
when he retained  the FIDE World Championship against Gata Kamsky,
Kasparov retained his PCA World  Championship crown against Viswanathan
Anand and both organisations now have no fixed  plans to organise a
traditional World Championship cycle. There has been a draft agreement
between Karpov and Kasparov to play a World Title match in 1997 to
"unify" the titles. There  have been as yet no finalised agreement or
sponsor for this final showdown (they have  previously played matches
for the World Title in 1984-5, 1985, 1986, 1987 and 1990) but a
convincing showing from both players by coming first and second in this
event would surely  generate a large sponsorship deal. The stakes are

Every player has a chance.

However the other players in the event will have other ideas. Anand,
Ivanchuk, Kramnik and  Topalov all have World Title aspirations of their
own and the current state of chaos means  that they will want to
demonstrate their credentials in this most high profile of events.
Kasparov and Karpov have shown their ability to win on command and time
after time have  pulled out the stops when required. Both have shown
signs in recent times that their level  motivation is not what it was,
it could not be otherwise after so long at the top, however I'm  sure
they will be desperate to win this event. They should be at their best,
its up to their  challengers to beat them even at their best.

Veselin Topalov is probably the man most likely. He has had just one
tournament failure this  year and his phenomenal concentration and
preparation meant that for much of 1996 he was  the best player in the
World. He showed signs of fatigue at the Olympiad in Yerevan where  he
scored poorly and will have to show that his complete rest since then
has been utilised in  improving his game.

Vladimir Kramnik had such a good year that he caught up Gary Kasparov to
be joint World  number one on the rating list. His form has been very
patchy since then, he seems to take a  single defeat very badly and that
tends to affect his subsequent play in the tournament. He  had a
dreadful Olympiad where he drew every single game, in many cases against
players  he should beat. He is Kasparov's prediction as the man most
likely to succeed him as World  Champion. If he starts well here he
could run away with the tournament.

Viswanathan Anand was Kasparov's challenger last year and his
classically smooth style is,  at its best, capable of beating anyone.
His preparation and play against Kasparov created a  good impression but
he had a disaster during a short patch during the Kasparov match and
lost the match. Questions over his nerve in tight situations have been
raised but he I don't  believe he is that nervous a player.

Vassily Ivanchuk is a player with a temperament problem. If he catches
fire he can win an  event as he pleases. He has the style of a great
World Champion but in his case his nerves  can almost destroy his
ability to play. Some events, especially those where he is the best
player, see him draw many games quite briefly and just win one or two
games when his  opponents don't survive the opening. He will be a very
dangerous player if on form here.

What of Kasparov and Karpov?

Gary Kasparov has had a reasonable year, he is still World number one on
the ELO list and  his last event, the Olympiad, saw him score the second
best percentage score on board one.  This is the kind of event that
brings out the best in Kasparov. He will have prepared very  seriously
for it. He is favourite to win the event but only just.

Anatoly Karpov is now 45 and he still plays a great deal. He cannot
summon the fire for  every tournament appearance but he has rested
before this event. His last two tournaments  saw him only score 50% in
Tilburg but win the Cap d'Age Rapidplay afterwards. He has a  limited
opening repertoire which he knows well. It was given a test by Kamsky
earlier this  year and he will surely have been preparing very hard to
make sure that it isn't breached in  Las Palmas. His endgame technique
(this is also the case for Kasparov) will test the  younger players. One
can never rule this man out.

So everyone has a chance of first place. A serious case can be made for
every player (which  hardly ever happens). When similar events were
organised in the 1970's the only prediction  that could be made safely
would be that there would be a lot of short draws. There should be  a
lot of draws here, simply because if both players play well the game
should end in a draw,  but the cut throat nature of top chess suggests
that almost all games will be hard fought.  Only Karpov and Ivanchuk
have the reputation as players who regularly have "days off" with  short
draws. I do expect a reasonably cautious start as anyone established as
being out of  form at the start of an event will be in for a hard time.

The event sees six of the top seven players in the World. Only Gata
Kamsky is missing. In an  intermediate (and incomplete) calculation of
the FIDE rating list up to November (the official  one is used from Jan
1st) the players in Las Palmas will take the top six.

July 1996 Rating list.

1. Kasparov, Gary..................  g  RUS  2785   18
2. Karpov, Anatoly.................  g  RUS  2775   12
3. Kramnik, Vladimir...............  g  RUS  2765   22
4. Topalov, Veselin................  g  BUL  2750   40

5. Kamsky, Gata....................  g  USA  2745   20 [Missing]

6. Anand, Viswanathan..............  g  IND  2735   31
7. Ivanchuk, Vassily...............  g  UKR  2730   22

3) Beliavsky wins the Stocar Bank 96 Tournament in Cacak

Sinisa Joksic sends me news of the "Stocar Bank 96" in Cacak.

Vladimir Sakotic was the arbiter of the event. He was responsible for
some events in which  GM norms were obtained and later rescinded and
which are currently under investigation by  FIDE.

Julian Hodgson had a very poor result after losing his first four
rounds. His result was  damaged because his travel arrangements were
disrupted. He was turned back at Heathrow  Airport as he didn’t have a
valid Visa to visit Yugoslavia (according to Malcolm Pein in the
Telegraph) and only arrived in Belgrade on the day of the first round.
He then had to travel  160km to the site of the event. Only his first
round game against Tiviakov was postponed  however.

Results of the 9th and  last round

Hodgson - Ivan Marinkovic 1/2
Tiviakov - Damljanovic 1/2
Leko - Dragan Paunovic 1/2
Almasi - Kiril Georgiev 1/2
Beliavski - Strikovic 1:0

Final Standings

Beliavsky, Alexander G..........  g  SLO  2620 6.5
Leko, Peter.....................  g  HUN  2630 6.0
Almasi, Zoltan..................  g  HUN  2655 6.0
Strikovic, Aleksa...............  m  YUG  2550 4.5
Tiviakov, Sergei................  g  RUS  2615 4.5
Georgiev, Kiril.................  g  BUL  2620 4.5
Marinkovic, Ivan................  m  YUG  2505 4.5
Damljanovic, Branko.............  g  YUG  2470 4.0
Hodgson, Julian M...............  g  ENG  2550 3.0
Paunovic, Dragan................  m  YUG  2495 1.5

4) First Saturday Tournament December

Laszlo Nagy (100263.1700@CompuServe.COM) sends new of the start of the
Category 3 IM  First Saturday Tournament which runs from 7th-17th of
December. IM-norm 8 points The event has its own web-site:

Round 1 (1996.12.07)

Horvath, Adam           - Rodriguez Lopez, Rafael  1-0
Fancsy, Imre            - Francsics, Endre         1-0   28  E69  Kings indian
Jamrich, Gyorgy         - Kuklin, Alexander        0-1   26  B26  Sicilian; Closed
Sziebert, Adam          - Vukovic, Ivo             1/2
Edelman, Daniel         - Peredy, Ferenc           1/2
Novgorodskij, Vladimir  - Czebe, Attila            1/2   61  B33  Sicilian; Sveshnikov

Round 2 (1996.12.08)

Czebe, Attila           - Vukovic, Ivo             1-0
Kuklin, Alexander       - Sziebert, Adam           1/2
Peredy, Ferenc          - Fancsy, Imre             1/2
Rodriguez Lopez, Rafael - Edelman, Daniel          1-0
Novgorodskij, Vladimir  - Horvath, Adam            0-1
Francsics, Endre        - Jamrich, Gyorgy          0-1

Budapest HUN (HUN), XII 1996.                              cat. III (2316)
                                        1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2
 1 Horvath, Adam              HUN 2250  * . . . . . 1 . . 1 . .  2.0
 2 Czebe, Attila            m HUN 2345  . * . . . . . . . = 1 .  1.5  2530
 3 Fancsy, Imre             m HUN 2325  . . * . . = . . . . . 1  1.5  2455
 4 Kuklin, Alexander        f HUN 2270  . . . * 1 . . = . . . .  1.5  2490
 5 Jamrich, Gyorgy            HUN 2295  . . . 0 * . . . . . . 1  1.0  2245
 6 Peredy, Ferenc             HUN 2305  . . = . . * . . = . . .  1.0  2362
 7 Rodriguez Lopez, Rafael  f ESP 2410  0 . . . . . * . 1 . . .  1.0  2325
 8 Sziebert, Adam           f HUN 2300  . . . = . . . * . . = .  1.0  2290
 9 Edelman, Daniel          m USA 2400  . . . . . = 0 . * . . .  0.5  2164
10 Novgorodskij, Vladimir     RUS 2365  0 = . . . . . . . * . .  0.5  2104
11 Vukovic, Ivo             f CRO 2310  . 0 . . . . . = . . * .  0.5  2129
12 Francsics, Endre           HUN 2220  . . 0 . 0 . . . . . . *  0.0

Three lightly annotated games from the first round by the organiser Laszlo Nagy.

Jamrich,G (2295) - Kuklin,A (2270) [B26]
Budapest HUN (01), 1996

1.e4 c5 2.Nc3 Nc6 3.g3 g6 4.Bg2 Bg7 5.d3 d6 6.Be3 e5 7.Qd2 Nge7 8.Bh6
0-0 9.h4 f6 10.0- 0-0 Be6 11.Bh3 Bf7 12.Bxg7 Kxg7 13.f4 d5 14.exd5 Nxd5
15.Ne4 Ndb4 16.a3 Nxc2!?  Sacrificing a knight in order to open up the
King. 17.Qxc2 Nd4 18.Qc3 b5 19.Nxc5 Qd5  20.Rh2 a5 21.Bg2 Qa2 22.Bxa8
Rc8 Now black tries to sacrifice a rook, but it can't be taken.  23.Rc2
Rxc5 24.fxe5 Rxc3 25.exf6+ Kxf6 26.Rxc3 Qa1+ White resigned, he loses at
least a  Rook 0-1

Fancsy,I (2325) - Francsics,E (2220) [E69]
Budapest HUN (01), 1996

1.Nf3 d6 2.d4 Nd7 3.c4 e5 4.Nc3 g6 5.e4 Bg7 6.g3 Ngf6 7.Bg2 0-0 8.0-0 c6
9.h3 a6 10.Qc2  b5 11.c5 dxc5 12.dxe5 Ne8 13.Bg5 Qb6 14.Be7 +- 14...Nxe5
15.Nxe5 Bxe5 16.f4 Bd4+  17.Kh2 Ng7 18.Bxf8 Kxf8 19.Rad1 a5 20.Ne2 a4
21.Qd2 Ba6 22.Nxd4 Rd8 23.f5 cxd4  24.Qh6 Kg8 25.f6 Ne8 26.e5 Qc5 27.e6
Qh5 28.e7!! No mercy... 1-0

Novgorodskij,V (2365) - Czebe,A (2345) [B33]
Budapest HUN (01), 1996

1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 e6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nc3 Nc6 6.Ndb5 d6 7.Bf4 e5 8.Bg5
a6 9.Na3 b5  10.Nd5 Be7 11.Bxf6 Bxf6 12.c3 0-0 13.Nc2 Bg5 14.a4 bxa4
15.Rxa4 a5 16.Bc4 Rb8 17.b3  Kh8 18.0-0 g6 19.Qd3 f5 20.Rd1 Bh6 21.f3
fxe4 22.Qxe4 Bf5 23.Qe2 Qd7 24.Nce3 e4 25.f4  Be6 26.Rf1 Bg7 27.Kh1 Qb7
28.Qc2 Rbe8 29.Raa1 Qa7! IM Czebe, Attila 30.b4 Bxd5  31.Nxd5 e3 32.Bb5
Qb7 33.Qa4 Nd8!? 34.Bxe8 Qxd5 35.Bb5 Bxc3 36.bxa5 Ne6 37.Rad1  Nd4
38.Bc4 Qc5 39.Qa2 d5! 40.Bd3 Qxa5 41.Ra1 Qxa2 42.Rxa2 Re8 43.Be2 Bd2
44.Bd3  Bc3 45.Be2 Nxe2 46.Rxe2 d4 47.Rd1 Kg7 48.g3 Kf6 49.Kg2 Ke6
50.Kf3 Kd5 51.Ra2 Re7  52.Ke2 Ke4 53.Ra8 Bd2 54.Rd8 Bc3 55.h3 Ra7
56.Re8+ Kf5 57.Kf3 Ra2 58.g4+ Kf6 59.Rb1  Rf2+ 60.Kg3 Bb2 61.Re4 ½-½

5) Brazilian Chess Championships 1996

The Brazilian Championships are being held in Americana not in Sao Paulo
as I thought last  week. After eight of twelve rounds the event is being
led by Giovanni Vescovi. It is being  covered on the internet at:

Americana BRA (BRA), XI-XII 1996.                              cat. VI (2376)
                                           1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2
 1 Vescovi, Giovanni           m BRA 2490  * . = 1 = = = . 1 . 1 1  6.0  2543
 2 Lima, Darcy                 m BRA 2430  . * = = = = . = 1 1 1 .  5.5  2503
 3 Leitao, Rafael              m BRA 2475  = = * . = = . 1 1 = = .  5.0  2470
 4 Disconzi da Silva, Rodrigo  f BRA 2345  0 = . * = . = 1 = 1 . 1  5.0  2475
 5 Van Riemsdijk, Herman C     m BRA 2425  = = = = * = = . . = . 1  4.5  2430
 6 Souza, Ivan                   BRA 2285  = = = . = * . 0 = = . 1  4.0  2391
 7 Toth, Christian Endre       m BRA 2380  = . . = = . * = 0 = = 1  4.0  2367
 8 De Toledo, James Mann       m BRA 2400  . = 0 0 . 1 = * . = = =  3.5  2328
 9 Caldeira, Adriano             BRA 2220  0 0 0 = . = 1 . * . = 1  3.5  2342
10 Matsuura, Everaldo          m BRA 2385  . 0 = 0 = = = = . * = .  3.0  2301
11 Loureiro, Luiz                BRA 2365  0 0 = . . . = = = = * =  3.0  2299
12 Gomes, Luiz A                 BRA 2310  0 . . 0 0 0 0 = 0 . = *  1.0  2041

6) Dutch Chess Championship Semi-finals Enschede 1996

Anjo Anjewierden sent the games from the Dutch Championships semi-finals
held in  Enschede. The event was covered on the internet at and I took some of the
news from there.

The event saw 30 Dutch players try to qualify for the Dutch closed
Championships of 1997.  There were some players missing, those who chose
instead to play in the Sonnevanck event  in Wijk aan Zee.

There were two very young participants: thirteen year old Moosa
Azadmanesh and fifteen  year old Nico Vink. Another, slightly older
junior player caused the surprise of the first round  when he downed IM
Kick Langeweg. He probably missed a win by playing 19. Rb4 he could
instead have played 19. Ba5+ Kc8 20. Rc7+ Kb8 21. Rxe7 and White would
have been piece  up.

IM Liafbern Riemersma started with 4/4, last year he had 5/5 got a cold
and failed to qualify,  his round 4 game was a quick win in 23.

Karel van der Weide was the only player to seriously threaten him in the
event. The ended  with a Rook and Bishop vs Rook ending. The players
actually defended very well but the  Thompson database of all positions
in this simplified ending shows that both players  blundered on move 74.

74. Rf8 (Rd7, Rd5, Rd4, Rd3, Ke1 draw) 74... Ke4 (Rd2 wins)

There were two qualification places and the first was earned by runaway
leader Riemersma  after round 8. The prizes were 1st  f 1500,- 2nd  f
750,- 3rd  f  500,- 4th  f  400,- 5th  f  300,  6th  f  250,-

The final standings were as follows.Karel Van der Weide and Manuel
Bosboom shared  second place. Its not clear whether there will be a
playoff or whether Karel qualified on tie- break.

Enschede NED (NED), XI-XII 1996.
                                         1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9
 1 Riemersma, Liafbern      m NED 2435  +20 +24 +17 + 4 = 5 + 3 = 2 + 6 +11  8.0  2636
 2 Van der Weide, Karel     f NED 2365  +29 +21 =15 = 3 = 6 +10 = 1 + 5 = 7  6.5  2483
 3 Bosboom, Manuel          m NED 2410  =23 +27 +12 = 2 +17 - 1 + 4 =14 + 6  6.5  2505
 4 Van der Poel, Henk       f NED 2320  +13 + 6 +10 - 1 - 8 + 9 - 3 =12 +14  5.5  2409
 5 Sziva, Erika            wm NED 2250  =11 +28 + 7 +15 = 1 - 6 +17 - 2 = 8  5.5  2431
 6 De Boer, Sybolt            NED 2240  +30 - 4 +18 + 9 = 2 + 5 + 7 - 1 - 3  5.5  2376
 7 Hendriks, Willy            NED 2430  -24 +30 - 5 +13 +15 + 8 - 6 +10 = 2  5.5  2371
 8 Langeweg, Kick           m NED 2375  -14 +26 =24 +11 + 4 - 7 =12 = 9 = 5  5.0  2378
 9 Van Haastert, Edwin        NED 2300  =21 =19 +13 - 6 +22 - 4 +23 = 8 =12  5.0  2353
10 Bosch, Jeroen            m NED 2425  =27 +23 - 4 +14 +12 - 2 =20 - 7 +22  5.0  2333
11 Kroeze, Frank M          f NED 2390  = 5 =22 =16 - 8 =26 +28 +15 +17 - 1  5.0  2368
12 Van der Werf, Mark       m NED 2400  =22 +29 - 3 +19 -10 +24 = 8 = 4 = 9  5.0  2353
13 Hoogendoorn, Joost         NED 2345  - 4 +20 - 9 - 7 +27 +25 =16 =19 +21  5.0  2254
14 De Heer, Machiel           NED ----  + 8 -15 =19 -10 +28 =16 +21 = 3 - 4  4.5  2343
15 Knoppert, Erik G J       f NED 2415  +18 +14 = 2 - 5 - 7 =23 -11 =25 +24  4.5  2249
16 Strating, Sybolt         f NED 2325  +26 -17 =11 =24 =23 =14 =13 =20 =18  4.5  2211
17 Ernst, Sipke               NED 2215  +25 +16 - 1 +22 - 3 +21 - 5 -11 =20  4.5  2273
18 Theulings, Paul-Peter      NED 2155  -15 +25 - 6 +26 -21 =22 =24 +23 =16  4.5  2175
19 Roobol, M                  NED 2365  =28 = 9 =14 -12 =24 -20 +29 =13 +25  4.5  2274
20 Vink,N                         ----  - 1 -13 -25 +30 +29 +19 =10 =16 =17  4.5  2315
21 Van Wissen, Michiel E      NED 2160  = 9 - 2 =23 +25 +18 -17 -14 +26 -13  4.0  2154
22 Vogel, Jaap              f NED 2295  =12 =11 +28 -17 - 9 =18 =26 +27 -10  4.0  2258
23 Van Schaardenburg, Mark    NED 2295  = 3 -10 =21 +29 =16 =15 - 9 -18 +30  4.0  2198
24 Perez Garcia, Hebert       NED 2210  + 7 - 1 = 8 =16 =19 -12 =18 =30 -15  3.5  2275
25 Van Dongen,H                   ----  -17 -18 +20 -21 +30 -13 =27 =15 -19  3.0  1960
26 Azadmanesh, Moosa          NED ----  -16 - 8 +27 -18 =11 +29 =22 -21 -28  3.0  2132
27 Etmans, Maarten D        f NED 2230  =10 - 3 -26 -28 -13 +30 =25 -22 +29  3.0  2117
28 Bark, Eric                 NED 2295  =19 - 5 -22 +27 -14 -11 -30 -29 +26  2.5  2077
29 Ellenbroek, Ton            NED 2095  - 2 -12 +30 -23 -20 -26 -19 +28 -27  2.0  2052
30 Dommisse, Cees             NED ----  - 6 - 7 -29 -20 -25 -27 +28 =24 -23  1.5  2026

7) Tomas Jimenez Memorial from Cuba.

Carlos H. Taboada reports from Cuba.  The Tomas Jimenez Memorial took
place in Ciego de Avila, Cuba. There were two sections,  the Premier
Group and the Master (Maestros) group. The event was jointly organised
by the  Cuban Chess Federation and the Sports Municipal Management of
Ciego de Avila. Ciego de  Avila is an eastern province of Cuba, 600 km
from Havana City.  Tomas Jimenez Rodriguez was a prominent player who
promoted chess in the region, the  event took place between Nov. 1st and
Nov. 18th.

Ciego de Avila Premier Group (CUB), XI 1996.
 1 Borges Mateos, Juan         m CUB 2530 *=0===111=1111  9.5  2506
 2 Pecorelli Garcia, Humberto  m CUB 2450 =*====1=1=1=11  9.0  2480
 3 Ramon, Vivian              wm CUB 2260 1=*010=1==1==1  8.0  2428 *
 4 Gomez, Adalberto            f CUB 2300 ==1*0==1=10=11  8.0  2424
 5 Rivera, Alberto             m CUB 2445 ==01*=001=1111  8.0  2412
 6 Moreno, Alejandro           f CUB 2385 ==1==*1001===1  7.5  2389
 7 Lopez, Carlos Manuel        f CUB 2400 00==10*11=1==1  7.5  2388
 8 Minero, Sergio              f ESA 2405 0=00110*0=1111  7.0  2359
 9 Rios, Alejandro               COL 2335 00==0101*1=101  6.5  2336
10 Rodriguez, Pedro            f CUB 2400 ===0=0==0*0=11  5.5  2272
11 Salem, Ihab                   PLE 2155 00010=00=1*=11  5.5  2293
12 Ribeiro, Fernando           f POR 2285 0===0==00==*=1  5.0  2244
13 Guedes, Armando               CUB 2365 00=00==0100=*1  4.0  2169
14 Borine,Pavel                  RUS ---- 0000000000000*  0.0

* Make the GMW second norm

MAESTROS GROUP Final Standings

Pos Nombre            elo tit     1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4   Tot   S.B.
1  Gonzalez Yuri......        CUB * = = 1 1 1 1 = 1 1 = 0 1 1   10.0 61.50
2  De la Paz Frank....2370 fm CUB = * = 0 = 1 = 1 1 = 1 1 1 1    9.5 53.75
3  Castellanos Carlos.2210    CUB = = * = = 0 1 1 1 1 = = = 1    8.5 50.25
4  Padron Joel........        CUB 0 1 = * = = 0 = 1 = 1 1 1 1    8.5 47.75
5  Fernandez Ciro.....2280 im CUB 0 = = = * = = 1 1 0 = = 1 1    7.5 42.50
6  Frometa Zirka......2175 im CUB 0 0 1 = = * = 0 1 1 = 1 = 1    7.5 41.25
7  Cabrera Alexis.....2310 fm CUB 0 = 0 1 = = * 1 0 0 1 = 1 1    7.0 39.50
8  Veloz Arturo.......        CUB = 0 0 = 0 1 0 * 0 = 1 1 1 1    6.5 34.00
9  Foyo Rogelio.......2305 fm CUB 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 * = 1 = 1 1    6.0 28.50
10 Subit Jose.........2290 fm CUB 0 = 0 = 1 0 1 = = * 0 = 0 1    5.5 32.50
11 Arguelles Hector...2300    CUB = 0 = 0 = = 0 0 0 1 * = 1 1    5.5 29.00
12 Bueno Lazaro.......2255 im CUB 1 0 = 0 = 0 = 0 = = = * 0 =    4.5 30.25
13 Napoles Asdrubal...        CUB 0 0 = 0 0 = 0 0 0 1 0 1 * 1    4.0 18.50
14 Arroyo Jessica......       CRC 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 = 0 *    0.5  2.25

8) Kettler Cup

Bretislav Modr of Magazin SACHinfo reports on this 25 minute per game
double round robin  tournament in Ceska Trebova, Czecheslovakia.

Ceska Trebova (CZE), XI 1996.         cat. XIII (2568)
                                1  2  3  4
1 Hracek, Zbynek    g CZE 2625 ** 1= == ==  3.5  2605
2 Smejkal, Jan      g CZE 2500 0= ** 1= 1=  3.5  2647
3 Kavalek, Lubomir  g USA 2535 == 0= ** =1  3.0  2578
4 Ftacnik, Lubomir  g SVK 2610 == 0= =0 **  2.0  2428

9) Sonnevanck Tournament, Wijk aan Zee.

Stefan Loeffler and Emmanuel Bricard shared first place with 6/9 in the
Sonnevanck  Tournament in Wijk aan Zee. The event is sponsored by a pub
called the Sonnevanck and is  organised by Jeroen Van den Berg. The
event proved to be something of a disaster for Ian  Rogers who started
with 1/4 including a winning game against Stefan Loeffler which he
ruined in severe time trouble. He scored 4.5/5 to recover somewhat
although Harmen  Jonkman agreed a draw when a piece up but in severe
time-trouble (in fact the game might  have finished as a draw anyhow
with the wrong rooks pawn being on the board).

Wijk aan Zee (NED), XI-XII 1996.                    cat. VI (2388)
                                    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0
 1 Loeffler, Stefan     m GER 2410  * 0 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 0  6.0  2510
 2 Bricard, Emmanuel    m FRA 2475  1 * = = 0 = = 1 1 1  6.0  2502
 3 Rogers, Ian          g AUS 2575  0 = * 1 = 1 1 0 = 1  5.5  2446
 4 Armas, Iulius        m FRA 2390  0 = 0 * 0 1 = 1 1 1  5.0  2430
 5 Claesen, Pieter      f BEL 2410  0 1 = 1 * 0 = = = =  4.5  2385
 6 Delemarre, Jop       f NED 2360  0 = 0 0 1 * 1 1 = =  4.5  2390
 7 Willemze, Jeroen       NED 2160  1 = 0 = = 0 * = = =  4.0  2369
 8 Reinderman, Dimitri  m NED 2500  0 0 1 0 = 0 = * 1 1  4.0  2332
 9 Jonkman, Harmen      f NED 2325  0 0 = 0 = = = 0 * 1  3.0  2269
10 Janssen, Ruud          NED 2270  1 0 0 0 = = = 0 0 *  2.5  2234

10) Arbiter of the European Club Cup gives his account of Israeli withdrawal

Arbiter Werner Stubenvoll has sent a letter to FIDE President giving his
account of the  problems which surrounded the Israeli team Elitzur
Petach Tikva at the European Club Cup  in Hungary. (See TWIC 108 for the
Israeli letter to the FIDE President for their side of the  dispute.)

Linz, December 4th, 1996
President of FIDE
c/o FIDE Secretariat, Lausanne
RE: 12th European Club Cup 1996

Dear Mr. President,

This is my statement concerning the problems that arose through the team of
Elitzur Petach Tikva in the European Club Cup 1996.

I got the entry of Elitzur Petach Tikva in April 1996. In this fax they
asked me to take care of their religious problems. As I knew from the
previous European Club Cups they did not want to keep score on Sabbath.
This problem was solved by the FIDE Rules Committee 1994 in Moscow. I
made the proposal to deduct 10 minutes from a player's allotted time if
he is unable to keep score on physical or religious reasons and the
Rules Committee accepted my proposal. This is the only point where FIDE
allows an exception for religious reasons.

In June 1996 the team leader of Elitzur Petach Tikva requested to be put
in a preliminary group that has not to play on Saturday. I answered,
that there was no organizer willing to play the matches during the week
and not on Saturday. I asked the team leadership to take their final
decision to participate in the European Club Cup 1996 under this
condition or to withdraw before the start of the rounds.

In a second fax to Mr. Josef Lapid, chairman of the Israelian club, of
July 18th I pointed out that there was no general solution for the
religious problems of Elitzur Petach Tikva, but that I would try to find
special agreements with organizers and opponents concerned. In this fax
I also drew their attention to the playing schedule of Budapest. The
tournament was to be played from Thursday to Sunday and the starting
time was scheduled 2.00 p.m.

During the preliminary round of Kranevo, Bulgaria, the opponent of
Elitzur Petach Tikva - O.A.A. Iraklio from Greece - after a long and
tough discussion agreed to play on Friday morning. After being qualified
for the final the captain of Elitzur Petach Tikva, Mr. Jacob
Schteinbaum, requested to have the same exceptions for the final
tournament. First time in my fax of October 28th and last time in a
phone call of November 18th I pointed out, that I could not force any
team to play their matches in the morning instead of in the afternoon. I
could only promise to help finding an agreement acceptable for all teams

During two meetings of the team captains in Budapest the teams of Russia
and Croatia strictly refused to play at 10.00 a.m. instead of 2.00 p.m.
After the drawing of lots for the second round the Israelian team had to
play against „Tattrangaz-Itil" from Kazan, Russia. As Kazan was not
ready to play in the morning, in a last attempt the case was discussed
with Prof. Jungwirth, Continental President of Europe, who had arrived
in Budapest in the meantime. He stressed that there was no means of
compelling a team not to respect the time schedule of the tournament and
that only an agreement with opponents and organizers could allow an
exception. Kazan was informed that Elitzur Petach Tikva suggested
playing with shortened time control. After consultation of his team Mr.
Mukhamedzianov, captain of Kazan, answered that his players rejected the
proposal and wanted to play serious chess. Therefore I had to decide
that all the teams had to start at 2.00 p.m. as scheduled. Elitzur
Petach Tikva did not appear and lost the match 0 : 6.

In the third round Elitzur Petach Tikva was drawn against Dresdner
Sportclub. The German team agreed to start at 5.00 p.m. instead of 2.00
p.m. Dresden waited one hour but the Israelian team did not show up
without any excuse. That was felt as unsportsmenlike towards the team
ready to comply with the opponent's wishes.

Summing up I want to declare that chess is a sport with strict
regulations based on the principle of equality for all competitions.
Each tournament has its rhythm. There is a time for play, there is a
time for rest - equal for all participants and organizers who have also
to take into account spectators. Exceptions are only thinkable if all
partners freely agree. This agreement could not be reached in Budapest,
the exception could not be made because it would have created a
privilege. Privileges are impossible in sport. Any other interpretation
of my decision is wrong.

With kind regards


Tournament Director of the European Club Cup 1996

11) Report of the 20th Kilkenny Congress by John Hurley.

With the enthusiasm of local organizers - Jack Lowry, Maurice Buckley et
al , the backing of  local businesses and, this year, generous support
from software company Iona  Technologies, the annual Kilkenny Congress
has become the premier weekender on the  Irish chess calendar.

Now established as a Leigh Grand Prix event, this year's 20th annual
tournament attracted  seven grandmasters, six from England including
Michael Adams and John Nunn.

In former years, local players have trumped the grandmaster entry and
taken the prize  money. With the superGM additions, this was unlikely to
be repeated and it was little  surprise to see GM Adams confirming his
seeding and his reputation for weekend attrition by  winning outright on
5.5/6 (draw against Nunn, victories over GMs Watson, Baburin and  King).
Young Luke McShane also impressed finishing joint fourth on his second
trip to  Kilkenny while, of the Irish contingent,  Mark Heidenfeld fared
best on 4/6 while both Mel  O'Cinneide (draw with Ward) and Colm Daly
(draws with King and Baburin) secured results  against the GMs.

RESULTS: Iona Technologies International Masters, Kilkenny Nov. 29th -
Dec. lst 1996

lst GM M.Adams 5.5/6
2nd GM C.Ward, GM J.Nunn 4.5/6
4th M.Heidenfeld, L.McShane, GM W.Watson 4
30 competed (200 in all sections)

By John Hurley Sunday Tribune chess correspondent.

12) Exhibition Chess from the World Champions

Not a bad little part from the games section. A game from Fischer’s
simultaneous tours in  the early 60’s (from Sylvain Landry), a couple of
games from Kasparov’s recent  simultaneous in Israel (from Mark
Pinkhour) including Kasparov’s loss to Natan Sharansky  the ex-Soviet
dissident and an Israeli Minister and 3/4 of the games Karpov played on last weekend. The missing game is his second game against
Stefansson which  he won but which isn’t available to me. The timerate
was 5 minutes for the whole game with  3 seconds per move added.

13) French Team Championships

Christophe Bouton sends almost all the games from the French Team
Championships which  finished in April. 287 were typed by him the rest
by the French Federation.

Clichy, a town in the suburbs of Paris (2 km)  won this year's title on
tie break from Cannes.

14) 7th Nato Championships November 1996

Egon Madsen  sends the results from the 7th NATO CC. This official
Championships took  place in Viborg, Denmark 18-22 Nov 1996.

Final result:

 1. NED   18 points.
 2. BEL   18
 3. GB     16,5
 4. FRA   16
 5. DEN   15
 6. USA   14

The two strong NATO nations Germany and Norway could not participate this year.

15) Interview with the FIDE President

There is an extract of an interview with the FIDE President at

16) Magazine Review

Chess Mail

My knowledge of correspondence chess could be written on back of the
postage stamp  which sends the moves. Tim Harding has launched a
magazine called Chess Mail which  covers all aspects of correspondence
chess including Internet E-Mail chess and Fax chess.

It certainly is a different World from over-the-board chess with its own
theory, style and lore.  The discovery of the internet has given
correspondence chess a new lease of life and has  brought together its
greatest enthusiasts. Chess Mail may very well bring about a resurgence
of interest. Issue 1 has just appeared and it has plenty for those
interested in chess in  general not just correspondence chess.

Ulf Andersson is playing his first correspondence championships and is
in the process of  demolishing the event. He only has a couple of  games
to go and it looks as if it will be  impossible to catch him. He beat
World number 1 Gert Jan Timmerman with black in a  superb game and
completely demolished Ivar Barn with a violent attack in 22 moves.  An
interview with him makes it clear that he is taking the challenge very
seriously and that he is  in serious danger of playing again! (It was
more or less supposed to be a one off at the start)

With its coverage of the basics such as Getting started with E-Mail
chess and How to  become a CC-GM the first years issues should be good
value for those who would like to  know more and who might like to pick
up some of the important opening theory that doesn’t   make the
mainstream chess press. There is discussion of CC and computers and a
good  results service. At 29 pounds for 11 issues it represents a must
for CC players and very good  value for anyone else.

Further information is available on Tim’s www site:

17) Forthcoming Events.

8th International Open Chess Tournament “ANO LIOSIA  '97"
11-19 January  1997, Ano Liosia, Athens

Ano Liosia is located about 12 km to the north of Omonia Square, Athens, Greece.

1-2 rounds  11- 12 January 1997  at 16:00 hrs
3-7 rounds  13- 17 January 1997  at 17:00 hrs
8   round       18 January 1997  at 16.00 hrs
9 (last0 round  19 January 1997  at 14.00 hrs
Closing ceremony / awards  Sunday  19 January 1997, at 20:30 hrs .

9 round Swiss, 2 hrs/40 moves + 1 hour for the rest of the game for each player.

Municipality Ano Liosia  (Athen's suburb), "Melina Merkouri"  demonstration hall.

1st  1450 $ , 2nd 1240 $ , 3rd 1035 $, 4th 825 $, 5th 620$, 6th 415$,
7th 330$, 8th 290$, 9th 245$, 10th 205$, 11th 185$, 12th 165$, 13th 145$,
14th 125$, 15th 105$, 16th : 85$


First woman : 370$, Second woman 185$,  First Junior  370$, Second Junior 185$,
First girl 205$, Second girl  105$,  First U-16 boy  165$, First U-16 girl 145$
In case of tie, prizes will be divided equally. If a player qualifies for more than one prizes
he/she has the right to choose  one of  them.

 Entry fee : 40 $. It ;is free for rated more than 2200 ELO players. For
invited GMs - IMs free  board and lodging are provided. The organizers
provide for all participants free transport by  buses, from Omonia
square to the playing hall and back for each round. During the games
refreshments and coffees are free for all players.

Kofidis Andreas  +30/1/9329117
Katsanou Elli +30/1/2483029          09.30 -13.00 hrs
Bakosi Haroula  +30/1/2480400  (int: 147)  09.30 -13.00 hrs
FAX +30/1/2471989


This tournaments are organised in Loures after ten years of plan of
development (PDX) in Loures municipality (near Lisbon with 400.000
habitants). Every year, since 1986, 3000 children have chess lessons in
schools. About 2000 play schools tournaments (40 a year with large
finals). Every year, about 400 become members of the 15 chess clubs (in
1986 there was none! Now two are in 1st national division and one in
second national division of honour) of the municipality of Loures and
most of then have chess trainers now (17 chess trainers in 1996). After
some years of evolution of this academy of trainers (the academy began
in 1993 with masters that were not from Loures, of course). Now the
situation is different and 85% of this trainers have 20 to 24 years old
because they are the best of the youth that learned chess in the first
year s of PDX (1986). Some of them are trying to get international
masters norms in this first international tournaments in Loures. That’s
why this tournaments are called MESTRE-JOVEM (young master)

Wednesday 11 December begin the 2nd Loures international of category 2
with some differences with 1st international. This time, there are two
under 18 (Paulo Dias and Josi Andrade) between the six young Loures
player (others are Carlos P. Santos, Alexandre Quadrio, Artur Gaspar and
Paulo Pinho). Again, main atraction is GM Kevin Spraggett who is living
in Portugal (he is married with the Portuguese Aida Ferreira) since

This time the tournament is on my new chess page and will have (as the
first one) some commented games and daily information.
In 1997 (October and December), Loures is going to have 2 or 3 more
tournaments, probably with better category.

Lums Santos (IM) (and GM of ICCF)

1997 American Chess Tour by Eric Schiller

The 1997 American Chess Tour provides a unique series of four
high-quality events with up to 40 FIDE rated games in span of just 6
weeks. Visit New York, Las Vegas, Hawaii and San Francisco and play for
prizes and norms.

4/2-6 New York Open. Back in Manhattan. GM, IM norms. $140,000 total
prize. Room rates from $85 for 2 persons.

4/11-13 National Open. Las Vegas.

4/15-24 4th Hawaii International. Waikliki. GM, IM Norms. One game per
day at 5:00 PM. Room rates from $50 for 2 persons.FIDE rating required.
Free training for juiniors.

4/28-5/12 San Francisco Internationals. Round-robin events with IM
norms. Open only to participants in Hawaii International. Email for further information.

Chess In Edinburgh by Adam Raouf

The 14-19th of December sees the 1st Caledonian Masters at the Edinburgh Capital Moat
House. The event includes the Arkell-Rowson £5000 challenge.


Casilla de Correo 51 Suc.49 (1449) Buenos Aires -ARGENTINA
Fax: 54 1 331 3600

Argentina has a very  vast and renowned chess background, both in OTB
play as well as in  correspondence chess. Over the board, great names
like Najdorf, Panno, Eliskases, and a  new generation of good players
like Campora, Zarnicki, Ricardi and Spangenberg (just to  mention a few)
have ably represented our country in individual and team events.
Correspondence chess in not an exception.

Argentina has had (and still has!) outstanding chess players in this
modality: Secchi  Vigneau, Cuadrado, Morgado, Pereyra Puebla and Buj
have all played one or more World  Championship Finals, and in team
events Argentina has always fought hard in the  Olympiads in which it
has taken part.

Argentina is the only country in the World with  two  official Chess
Federations (i.e., both are  accepted by ICCF): LADAC (founded in 1945)
and CAPA (founded in 1988). Until 1988, our  country had never organised
International Tournaments granting GM and IM Titles.  Our  players were
eager to demonstrate their capacity, and the solution was really simple:
 we  had to organise tournaments for them.  Thus, CAPA, since 1992, has
organised 5 GM  Tournaments granting GM and IM Titles (Bartis-mem "A",
Lewkowitz-mem "A" & "B",  Marcussi-mem, EMAIL Pelikan Memorial), 5 IM
Tournaments granting only IM Titles (Bartis- mem "B", Lewkowitz-mem "C",
Martinez Acosta-mem "A" & "B",  EMAIL Pelikan Memorial  "B"),  one  team
tournament granting IM titles (the AFROATIN Cup, organised together with
the Algerian Federation), the match Russia vs. Rest of the World, in
which 40 strong players  compete in 20 boards (organised together with
the Russian Federation), and the Individual  AFROATIN (again together
with Algeria), to begin in February 1997.

CAPA requested to the ICCF Congress in Bad Neuenahr approval to organise
the two first  ICCF EMAIL events, in memorial Jiri Pelikan.


International FIDE Master Jiri Pelikan was born in Castolovice, a suburb
of Prague, on april  23rd, 1906, and died in Chacabuco, Argentina, in
June 1984.

He played a lot of international tournaments, including the Olympiads of
Warsaw 1935,  Stockholm 1937 and Buenos Aires 1939, representing Bohemia
and Moravia. In Warsaw he  got an excellent score in the reserve
board:+7 =7 -1 (70%); in Buenos Aires too, where he  played in board 3,
scoring +8 =5 -2 (70%).

He was in Buenos Aires playing the Olympiad in 1939, like many other
chess masters, when  the 2nd World War started. He could not go back to
Prague, and decided to stay in  Argentina. Some chess players from
Chacabuco, a village of Buenos Aires Province (300 km from Buenos Aires
Capital), offered him a house, and a job as  chess teacher, and so he
lived there for many years.

He played many Argentine tournaments and championships, including some
Finals. He lived  during some years in Quilmes, Buenos Aires province.
Around 1950, he played  correspondence chess, winning the I Argentine
Correspondence Chess Championship, and  participating in the I ICCF

His best results before the war were: 8th (out of 18) in Podebrady 1936,
 6th (out of 14) in  Novi Sad 1936. In Argentina he played several Mar
del Plata International Tournaments:  1942 (6th out of 18), 1943 (6th
out of 14), 1944 (7th out of 16), 1945 (10th out of 16), 1956  (9th out
of 17), 1961 (10th out of 16) and 1966 (9th out of 16). Pelikan got his
FIDE IM  title in 1965. He was a 'real' bohemian, friend of the long
nights analysing chess, extremely modest and kind.

GM Ludek Pachman once tried to convince Pelikan to go back to Prague,
at that time in the  communist sphere. Pelikan did not accept; he did
not  like the eastern way of life.  His name has been mentioned many
times in the opening books. Especially,  he investigated the Dutch and
Sicilian Defences.

The most popular is the so called 'Sicilian Lasker-Pelikan', also known
as 'Sveshnikov'. He  usually played 1.f4 with white. Many of the 'top'
grand masters took his ideas; for example  Petrosian played one of his
Sicilian ideas in the first game of the match vs Fischer, Buenos  Aires

1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 e6 3.d4 cd4 4.Nd4 Nc6 5.Nb5 d6 6.Bf4 e5 7.Bg5 Nf6 8.Bg5
Be6 9.N1c3 a6 10.Bf6 gf6 11.Na3 d5!.

International Tournament "Jiri Pelikan Memorial" - Grand Masters Group

The first International Grandmaster Tournament played entirely using
electronic mail (email)  will start on February 1st, 1997. Players from
Europe, Oceania, Africa, Central America and  South America will take
part in a very strong tournament.

Player Country  ELO Tittle ICCF ID#

Johnson,Maurice WENG 2630   G * 210448
Brooks,Ian S ENG 2430   210408
Kilgour,David A  SCO 2580   G * 620192
Pyrich,George D  SCO 2375   M   620204
van Kempen,Heinz-Erich   GER 2605   M (1)81237
Lueers,Eckhard   GER 2475   M83324
Dorner,Joaquin   GUA 2525   720008
Olafsson,Hannes  ISD 2535   G   300060
West,Guy AUS 2440   M30152
Alvarez,Roberto Gabriel  ARG 2405 (2)20486
Kokkila,Tero FIN 2625   G * 460402
Parkkinen,Jyrki  FIN 2540   M   460374
Berdichesky,RubenARG 250520339
Barlow,John AZIM 2505   M (3)   760001
Mujica,Mario Gustavo ARG 239520405

Rating Average: 2505   ICCF Category: XI
International GM Title: 9 (out of 14)
International IM Title: 6 (out of 14)

* Received the IGM Title in Bad Neuenahr ICCF Congress, 1996
   (1) qualifies as IGM
   (2) provisional rating 2490 based on 14 games, use 2405.
   (3) obtained IM norms; will receive the IM title in Buenos Aires 1997.

   Starting date: February 1st, 1997
   Official pairings to be sent in January 1997.
   Tournament Secretary: IA GM Juan Sebastian Morgado
   Appeal Instance:  IA IM Ragnar Wikman

   Rules: Official ICCF Email Rules, available for free.
  -English: send a message to:
  -Spanish: send a message to:

   Prizes: 1st place: U$S 500
   2nd place: U$S 250
   3rd place: U$S 150
   4th place: U$S 100

   Worldwide coverage: regular updates of the tournament, including games,
   will be availables through:
   -USENET newsgroup
   -   (Official ICCF www site)
   -ICCF Email Tournaments Mailing List


by Phil Haley, FIDE delegate and Zonal President, Canada

[I have been meaning to put this in for a few weeks but it always got
squeezed out at the last  moment. This is one of the most detailed
accounts of the FIDE Congress in Yerevan]

The 1996 FIDE Congress was held in Yerevan, Armenia from September 24 to
October 2, 1996.  Generally speaking the meeting was another poor one.
The Central Committee was far too large and ineffectively chaired with
no recommendations being made and everything being deferred to the
General Assembly.  The first session of the General Assembly was an hour
late in starting and no one from the executive advised the delegates
what was going on, why the delay or when the meeting would start.  When
the meeting of the General Assembly finally started it also was
ineffectively chaired with little effort to stick to the topic or to
progress through the agenda.  Similar to the meetings in Moscow, 1994
and Paris, 1995 the whole congress was highlighted by political intrigue
and night long maneuvering.  On the other hand, as is always the case,
the various technical committees worked long and hard and deserve
commendation for their efforts.

The facilities for the Olympiad were excellent.  Solid wooden tables
with inlaid boards  and very good standard chess sets were a major plus.
 Arrangements for spectators were very good.  Although each match was
roped off, it was done in such a manner that spectators had access to
all the matches except the top matches on the stage but this was
partially compensated for by having good seats for spectators and four
large electronic demonstration boards and a number of smaller
demonstration boards.

 The facilities for the FIDE Congress were generally very good but with
a number of drawbacks. The Central Committee met in a very large and
beautiful conference room.  It was not, however, very practical as we
sat in one enormous circle, needed microphones to speak and it was
frequently difficult to see who was speaking while at the same time the
acoustics were very poor.  The General assembly met in a very nice large
auditorium with very comfortable seats and very good acoustics.  On the
other hand although simultaneous translation was provided there were
only sufficient receivers available for the actual delegates and the
counselors and others present had to do without which was not
satisfactory.  I received large applause when I brought this to the
attention of the president early in the meeting but apparently it was
not possible to do anything about it.

The Rules Commission under the chairmanship of Geurt Gijssen of the
Netherlands accomplished a massive task in reviewing all submissions and
reaching agreement on a new edition of the Rules of Chess which will
become effective July 1, 1997. I had submitted a draft of the proposed
new rules to our International arbiters and Jonathan Berry, Martin
Jaeger and Alex Knox  each provided input for review and discussion.
Jonathan Berry, who was one of the arbiters for the Olympiad took part
in the meetings.  There were submissions also from a number of other
countries including a major submission from the Norwegian Chess

The 1996 World Championship knockout tournament with a $5 million prize
fund as proposed by President Kirsan Iljumzhinov  will not be held. This
is doubly unfortunate in that the 1996 Interzonals had been unilaterally
canceled in favour of the new World Championship tournament.   It is now
planned to hold the first of these events in 1997 and hold them every
two years alternating with the Olympiads.  No sponsor has as yet been
found although President Iljumzhinov assured the Congress that this
would not be a problem. GM Sunye Neto announced the resignation of GM
Ian Rogers, Chairman of the Players  Council who resigned because the
Players  Council had not supported, as announced, the proposed Annual
World Championship.  Mr. Stewart Reuben, chairman of the Organizers
Committee, said that the proposed dates were in conflict with several
major events and noted that his committee had not been consulted about
the proposed dates for the event.

 I raised the question of the rights of the Zonal winners to have either
progressed to an Interzonal or to take part in the 1996 World
Championship where they would have been guaranteed a minimum of $6,000.
(U.S.) even if they lost in the first round.  I also pointed out that
Canada now has winners of two Zonal tournaments qualified for future
events and noted that the fact that the 1996 World Championship knockout
tournament would not be held would create problems. The General Assembly
referred the whole question of the World Championship to the
Presidential Board for review and decision in conjunction with input
from the World Championship Cycle Committee and the Organizers

 All the players who attended a talk by President Iljumzhinov had been
given "goodie bags" each containing a bottle of Kirsan vodka, a tub of
Kirsan black caviar, a gold plated stainless steel Kirsan watch, an
excellent hardcover book covering the Karpov-Kamsky match, a paperback
on Kirsan Iljumzhinov plus a dramatically written comic book with the
life story of President Iljumzhinov. Members of the press and those
delegates, including me, who attended a press conference by President
Iljumzhinov were given similar gifts. I understand that President
Iljumzhinov, with both his talk and his gifts, made a  favourable
impression on the members of a number of teams.  On the other hand at
least some of these players will not be happy that the 1996 Interzonal
Tournament was unilaterally canceled, that the 1996 world championship
knockout tournament has been canceled and that the future of Zonal
tournaments is in question .

 World Champion Anatoly Karpov advised the General Assembly that he had
still only received less than half of  his prize from the Karpov-Kamsky
match. He has been told that the remainder will be forthcoming and he
was not ready to make a major issue of this at the present time.

The locations of future FIDE congresses and Olympiads were established.
The 1997 FIDE Congress will be held in Oslo, Norway.  The 1998 Congress
and Olympiad is scheduled for Elista in the Kalmyk Republic in Russia.
Iceland has an option on the 1999 Congress and advised that it would be
a month or two before they would confirm this option or not.   Croatia
had an option on the 2000 Congress and Olympiad but allowed the option
to drop.  Verbal bids for these events were submitted on behalf of
Curitiba, Brazil and Amsterdam, the Netherlands whereas a documented bid
was submitted by the Turkish Chess Federation for Istanbul.  The FIDE
Congress and Olympiad for the year 2000 will be held in Istanbul.

 Unresolved confusion resulted from a surprise announcement from Andrei
Makarov, the president of the Russian Chess Federation, that Kasparov
and Karpov had signed an agreement to take part in a world championship
match outside  the jurisdiction of FIDE.  This was particularly
surprising in that Karpov had been present the previous day and did not
mention it either at the FIDE meeting or at his press conference.  GM
Bachar Kouatly told the assembly that he had been advised by Karpov that
he had signed no such document and subsequently Roman Toran of Spain
read a fax from Karpov again stating that he had signed no such
agreement and would only play a world championship match under the
auspices of FIDE.  President Iljumzhinov made no comment about  Makarov
s announcement that the match would be held outside the jurisdiction of
FIDE and made no comment as to whether he had been told in advance about
Makarov s announcement.

  I went to the podium and pointedly asked President Iljumzhinov if he
had been aware of the content of Mr. Makarov s announcement.   He
replied that he had known nothing about it.  Subsequently, copies of the
original document in Russian with signatures of Karpov and Kasparov as
well as a translation in English were distributed but, as this seemed to
be in direct contradiction of the fax from Karpov, the General Assembly
was left in bewilderment.   No visible effort was made by the president
to resolve what was going on and it remains a mystery.

 The US Chess Federation had submitted a motion that would change the
term of the Chairman from concluding in 1998 to 1996 thereby deleting
the position of Chairman.  Mr. Campomanes adroitly deflected this motion
by saying that the tradition of FIDE is to have a strong president and
he proposed  that the office of Chairman be removed from the Statutes.
This was approved.

 Later in the meeting, Professor Kurt Jungwirth of Austria, the European
president,  proposed that Mr.Campomanes as an honorary president  be
admitted to the meetings of the Presidential Board with the right to
vote.  Although the president normally lingered and let matters drift on
this occasion he quickly said "without objection " and "next item "  A
number of people including me were unhappy with Professor Jungwirth for
making this proposal and told him so but none of them spoke up at the
meeting although the way it came up and the way it was handled left
little opportunity to do so.

  One item that received unanimous vocal support was the awarding of the
Honorary Member title to GM Miguel Najdorf of Argentina.   GM Najdorf
ate his meals at the Armenia I hotel with the members of the Argentine
team and Juan Angel Mas, the Argentine FIDE delegate.  He is in
remarkably good shape for his age.  I spoke to him one evening at dinner
and he asked to be remembered to his friend GM Abe Yanofsky of whom he
spoke very highly .

 The Central Committee  being a  smaller and higher level group than the
General Assembly  normally proceeds in order with every item on the
agenda for the General Assembly.  It cannot make any binding decisions
but traditionally has been effective in providing a more in-depth review
of items and helping to advance matters in the General Assembly by
carefully reviewing the subject matter and making recommendations to the
General Assembly for discussion and approval or otherwise.
Unfortunately, the Central Committee has now got to be very large and
this fact, plus the manner in which the meeting was chaired resulted in
very little being accomplished with no votes and no recommendations. An
excessively long period of time was spent on the question of the
omission of the report of the Verification Commission from the minutes
of the Paris Congress.  It was this commission that raised the question
of the validity of the "ex-gratia" payments to Messrs. Campomanes and

 Mr. Steven Doyle of the U.S. Chess Federation was adamant that he had
given the typed report to the secretary Mr. Abundo.  Mr. Abundo was
equally adamant that he had never been given the report.  Rather than
confining the discussion to the question of the omission, the meeting
deteriorated to a shouting match between Mr. Campomanes and Mr. Doyle
and a long exposition by Mr. Makropoulos seeking to explain that he was
actually owed more by FIDE than he had received in his "ex-gratia"

The question of follow-up action relative to the report of the
Verification Committee that met at the Paris Congress last year and the
"ex-gratia" payments to Messrs. Campomanes and Makropolous had been put
on the agenda of the General Assembly by Egon Ditt on behalf of the
German Chess Federation.

 Mr. Ditt had twice written President Iljumzhinov and asked that the matter be
referred to Dr.Liniger of Switzerland for review and advice.  Mr. Ditt wanted to
avoid a long discussion at the Yerevan Congress by having this matter addressed
in advance.  Mr. Ditt reported that he had received no answer to these letters.
Instead President Iljumzhinov had signed and circulated a statement on March 10,
1996 stating that " We hereby categorically declare that the FIDE General
Assembly in Paris approved without reservation the FIDE Treasurer s report and
all its contents, including the "ex-gratia" payments to then President
Campomanes and Secretary General Makropoulos.

  Although it was item 2 on the agenda, the question of the "ex-gratia"
payments was not taken up in the proper order and when it was taken up
at the General Assembly late on the last day,  time was very short and
very little discussion resulted.  The General Assembly did not hear the
long discussion that took place at the Central Committee. Mr. Ditt asked
for answers as to who approved these "ex-gratia" payments and on what
basis were they calculated and were they calculated correctly. . .and
suggested that the new treasurer look into these matters. The General
Assembly approved asking Dr. Rolf. Liniger of Switzerland to study the
matter and to provide his legal opinion.

The executive council had decided that the election would be contested
by teams of eight the president, two deputy presidents, general
secretary, treasurer and three vice-presidents.  A deadline of July 22
was established for the submission of team lists.  Subsequently however
President Iljumzhinov changed his mind and proposed instead that voting
only be held for teams of two the president and deputy president.

 Two teams of eight were established one consisted of GM Bachar Kouatly
(France) for president and Anatoly Karpov(Russia) and Roman Toran
(Spain) for deputy presidents, Dr. Pedro Barrera (El Salvador), Major
David Hamoonga (Zambia) and Sun Lianzhi (China) for vice-presidents,
Morten Sand (Norway) for general secretary and Mohammed Succar (Lebanon)
for treasurer.  The other team consisted of GM Jaime Sunje-Neto for
president and Einar Einarsson(Iceland) and Noureddine Tabbane (Tunisia)
for deputy presidents, Egon Ditt (Germany), Andrei Makarov (Russia) and
Steven Doyle (U.S.) for vice presidents, Emmanuel Omuku (Nigeria) for
general secretary and Gunther Loewenthal (Netherlands) for treasurer.
President Iljumzhinov, trusting that the General Assembly would turn
down this original team of eight proposal , submitted a team of two with
himself for president and Georgios Makropoulos (Greece) as deputy

  To aid in partially understanding subsequent events it should be noted
that GM Jaime Sunye Neto had not selected his own team but he himself
and his team had been selected by a committee (Ditt, Germany: Gelfer,
Israel and Loewenthal,Netherlands) that had been established at the
unofficial European meeting in Utrecht.(attended also by Fan Adams from
the U.S. and myself from Canada)   At that time probably no one was more
outspokenly against President Iljumzhinov than was Andrei Makarov of

 The selection committee felt that the three largest federations . . .
Russia, Germany and the U.S. should each be represented on the ticket.
In retrospect this proved to be an  error as Makarov not only carried
with him a negative image based on his performance at the Moscow
congress but also some time later made peace with Iljumzhinov and
announced that he would support Iljumzhinov providing Kouatly was not on
his ticket.

Another problem surfaced in that , Emanuel Omuku, a capable lawyer from
Nigeria, who had accepted a position on Sunye Neto s team as a candidate
for General Secretary withdrew his support for Sunye Neto and threw his
support to Iljumzhinov.  There are conflicting stories as to the reasons
why Omuku left Sunye Neto s team. . .but regardless of the reasons,  out
of an initial team of eight Jaime Sunye Neto had now lost the support of

 As a further aid in understanding subsequent events, it should  be
noted that all candidates must be nominated by their federations and
Andrei Makarov, president of the Russian Chess Federation (and with a
close relationship to Kasparov) wrote a very strong letter saying that
he would not nominate Karpov. Although never officially so stated, it
was generally felt that the intent of the Kouatly team was to more or
less act as a fallback alternative for Iljumzhinov with Karpov
announcing that he never really intended to actually become deputy
president  it was expected that if Iljumzhinov s proposal to vote for
teams of two was rejected that he would then replace Karpov on Kouatly s
ticket and run for president on this ticket with Kouatly running for
deputy president.

  An agreement reached at night between Kirsan Iljumzhinov and Jaime
Sunye Neto led to the distribution at the Central Committee of  a
document entitled "DECLARATION" in which Iljumzhinov and Sunye Neto
reached an agreement to form a joint ticket and thus avoid an election
Iljumzhinov would be president and Sunye Neto would become Chief
Executive Officer.  The document stated that " we join our programs and
plans" and spelled out the separate responsibilities of the president
and chief executive officer.  Some people thought at this point that GM
Kouatly would now withdraw his ticket and the joint team of Iljumzhinov
and Sunye Neto would be presented to the General Assembly for
confirmation without disruptive voting.

However, Bachar Kouatly now stated that this declaration was one of two
sides only and that the third side, his side, had not been consulted.
President Iljumzhinov proposed that the Declaration be used as a basis
for further negotiations and that the Declaration be recommended to the
General Assembly. Negotiations continued throughout the night with the
expectations that a joint team would be presented to the General
Assembly for confirmation.

 The first session of the General Assembly was an hour late in convening
and it soon became apparent that in spite of all the night time
negotiations no agreement had been reached primarily because of the
inability of Iljumzhinov and Sunye Neto and their respective supporters
to reach agreement on the composition of the joint ticket.

At the General Assembly I went to the podium and in a passionate address
said that many delegates were sick and tired that for the third congress
in a row we were being subjected to behind-the-scene and well into the
night maneuvering relative to elections and that we had reached the
General Assembly after two days of Central Committee meetings and no one
still knew how we were voting nor did we know the composition of the
teams for which we would be voting.    I said that decisions were being
made in the middle of the night and that we had to return to running our
organization in an open and ethical manner.  For the third year in a row
I observed that we  start the General Assembly in a state of disorder.
I said that our General Assembly members have a right to see and hear
what is going on.

 I pointed out that the whole concept of team voting was flawed and that
it resulted in an inability to elect the best candidate for each
position as well. I moved that we return to the old system of voting for
each position individually.  My motion was seconded by Mr. Khalifa
Al-Hitmi (Qatar) vice-president of the Asian zone and strongly supported
by Mr. Nichola Palladino of Italy and  Dr.Andrzej Filipowicz of Poland.
Gunther Loewenthal (Netherlands) said that this was a sad day for FIDE
and expressed support for my motion as did Roman Toran(Spain). Even
though moved and seconded. . .  no action was taken to call a vote with
the meeting digressing in all directions.

Unfortunately, there are few FIDE delegates who have both the desire and
the ability to become the president of FIDE.   Morten Sand of Norway,
who had been appointed a vice-president after last year s meeting in
Paris ,is one who I believe has the potential to be a good future
candidate for the president s position .  Mr. Sand very frankly spoke to
the General Assembly and said  that he was very sorry, that the
Presidential Board including himself had not done their job, that
meetings in Singapore, Doha and Elista and now Yerevan have been
monopolized by fighting.  He added that he was fed up with the fighting
and it must stop. He also said that President Iljumzhinov was no Mother
Teresa and had taken part in the fighting also.   Finally he observed
that GM Bachar Kouatly had done more than any other member of the board.

  We finally voted on my motion late the next day and one delegate said
to me that I would have the Guinness world record for the longest delay
between when a motion was presented and when it was voted on.  There was
considerably lobbying by Mr. Makropolous and by Ambassador Alexey Orlov
( Iljumzhinov s right hand man) that we should elect Mr. Iljumzhinov and
allow him to select his own ticket thus providing him with an executive
that would be a cooperative team that would be able to productively
proceed with Mr. Iljumzhinov s programs.  As one would expect many
objected to this on the ground that it was in essence giving Iljumzhinov
what amounted to a blank cheque.

My motion received a 69 to 60 majority in a roll call vote.   Although a
substantial number were in favour the motion did not pass as it required
a 2/3 majority.

Next there was a vote on the Executive Council proposal to vote for
tickets of eight. This was defeated by a wide margin with 40 in favour
and 63 against.

Finally there was a vote on the President s proposal for teams of two,
amended by Mr. Makropolous to call for voting for the president only.
This received a majority of 77 in favour and 55 against but was defeated
as it did not receive the necessary 2/3 majority.

The election then reverted to the team of five concept and of course
this now meant that President Iljumzhinov would have to declare his
ticket.  Another night of maneuvering continued with some people being
approached as late as 4 a.m. to join a ticket.

In the meantime, the previous night s Assembly meeting had adjourned in
disorder with GM Bachar Kouatly bringing to the attention of the floor
that Mr. Ignatius Leong of Singapore and the FIDE administrative manager
 had been ordered out of the meeting by President Iljumzhinov after he
had apparently voted a proxy in opposition to President Iljumzhinov s
wishes.  Although he was not the official FIDE delegate from Singapore
he was at that time representing the Singapore delegate and had three
proxies of which he had kept the allowed one and reassigned two others.
It was also stated that his proxies were removed   The statement by
Bachar Kouatly caused an uproar in the General Assembly and President
Iljumzhinov quickly adjourned the meeting to the next morning.  The
lights were lowered and the microphones turned off.  GM Sunye Neto spoke
softly to the Assembly and asked that delegates return quietly to their
hotels.  It was later said that Mr. Leong and the Singapore delegate
were concerned and Mr. Doyle sought the protection of the U.S. embassy
on their behalf.  What happened next is not totally clear but apparently
President Iljumzhinov apologized late that night and the next morning
Mr.Leong advised the Assembly that he had not been physically
threatened.   Mr. Herman Hamers of the Netherlands spoke on behalf of
Mr. Leong but other than this the matter was not pursued.  Professor
Vanik Zakarian, president of the Armenian Chess Federation had been
silent throughout the Congress but he now spoke passionately  and said
some people were trying to spoil the Congress and observed that everyone
was protected by the Armenian state and problems should have been
brought to him.

Finally, slates had to be announced.  One ticket consisted of Kirsan
Iljumzhinov (Russia) for president, Georgios Makropoulos (Greece) for
deputy president, P.T. Ummer Koya (India) for vice-president, Noureddine
Tabbane (Tunisia) for General Secretary and David Jarrett (England) for
treasurer.   The other ticket consisted of Jaime Sunye Neto (Brazil) for
president, Jan Banas (Slovakia) for deputy president, Cholid Ghozali
(Indonesia) for vice-president, Rupert Jones (Botswana) for General
Secretary and Gunther Loewenthal (Netherlands) for treasurer.

  David Jarrett was a surprise member of Iljumzhinov s ticket.  He was
phoned at 4 a.m. that morning and asked if he would accept.  He had a
difficult time making up his mind but finally did so.  As treasurer,
David Jarrett will be a capable and independent addition to the
Presidential Board and I believe that he will serve FIDE well even
though one might at the same time have mixed feelings as to whether he
should have accepted the position.

  Mr. Tabbane had been on GM Sunye Neto s initial team and I do not know
the circumstances as to how he became part of Iljumzhinov s team.   GM
Sunye Neto s final slate was also a surprise as other than himself only
Gunther Loewenthal remained of the original team.

A secret ballot election took place and Kirsan Iljumzhinov s team
received 87 votes and Jaime Sunye Neto s team received 46 votes.   I
personally made it very clear to everyone that I would be voting for
Sunye Neto and I did so.

 With the financial resources of President Iljumzhinov and with
Campomanes, Makropolous and Orlov  actively working on his behalf it
would have been difficult for anyone to defeat him.  On the other hand,
however, there was a high level of dissatisfaction and I believe he
could have been defeated with a managed concerted team effort by a team
that was dedicated to stick with their presidential candidate through
thick and thin right to the end.  Steven Doyle of the U.S had displayed
his displeasure at the Central Committee but was unexpectedly very quiet
at much of the General Assembly.  Israel Gelfer of Israel had been a
member of the nomination committee in Utrecht and, in a fax to a large
number of federations just prior to the Yerevan Congress, he expressed
strong dissatisfaction with the situation in FIDE and strongly supported
 Jaime Sunye Neto.   Unfortunately,  Mr. Gelfer was not present in

  There were lots of opportunities to take the floor and challenge the
president on many points but very few  of the delegates in opposition to
Iljumzhinov were willing to do so.   The fact that 46 delegates voted
against Iljumzhinov in spite of the defections from the Sunye Neto team
and in spite of the lack of a concerted orchestrated effort by the
opposition and in spite of Sunye Neto s lack of financial resources. . .
 shows that there were a significant number of delegates disenchanted
with Iljumzhinov s performance.   Every delegate who changed sides
represents a two vote swing. . .it only took a change of 21 of Sunye
Neto s supporters swinging to the other side to allow Iljumzhinov s win.

President Iljumzhinov now made the surprise announcement that he was
adding four additional vice-presidents to the Presidential Board.  These
were Andrei Makarov (Russia), Steven Doyle (U.S.), Dr. Pedro Barrera (El
Salvador) and Professor Vanik Zakarian (Armenia).   Pedro Barrera had
told me in advance that he had been asked.  On the other hand I was
totally surprised by the appointment of Steven Doyle as a vice-president
in that he had neither consulted with me nor advised me that he had been
approached by Iljumzhinov first with an offer of the treasurer s
position and later with the offer of a vice-presidency.

I believe that the appointment of four additional vice-presidents was
totally inappropriate.  The Assembly had voted against teams of eight
which would have included the normal slate of five plus three
vice-presidents.  It is an advantage to those appointed in that their
total expenses will be paid  to meetings of the Presidential Board, the
Executive Council, the Central Committee and General Assembly.  The
organizers of these events pay the travel, hotel and meal costs for the
vice-presidents and FIDE itself pays their other expenses. Although it
will be said that it is the organizers and not FIDE that pays most of
the additional cost, in fact the added cost will make it more difficult
for potential organizers to raise the funds necessary to host these

President Iljumzhinov obviously has the personal financial resources
which should make it substantially easier for him to function
successfully as president.  Earlier in the week I had a fifteen minute
private discussion with him and gave him my input on what needed to be
improved in FIDE.  I told him that I had had no answer to a letter I had
written to him with 13 suggestions for improving FIDE and not only had
he not replied to my  letter but he had taken no action to see that the
subject matter was discussed at either the Presidential Board or the
Executive Council even though it was repeatedly brought to his
attention.  Similarly he had answered no letters from Egon Ditt and I
presume from no one else.   Communications during the past year were
very poor and in my opinion he must be more open in the future if he is
going to achieve success. He smiles, nods his head and says yes but does
not enter into discussion.

New elections will be held in Elista in 1998.  In the meantime we will
see whether President Iljumzhinov can win the respect of all FIDE
members while at the same time being successful in resolving FIDE s
financial problems as well as all the questions that remain following
his unilateral canceling of the Interzonals and the late decision not to
run the World Championship Tournament in 1996

19) The Czech System - 1.e4 d6 2.d4 Nf6 3.Nc3 c6!? - Part VIII

By Marco R. Martini (ITA) - Email:
                          - WWW  : htpp://

There are some additional theoretical lines in the THEO109.CBF section also.

1.e4 d6 2.d4 Nf6 3.Nc3 c6 4.h3 Nbd7
     A) 5.Nf3 Qc7 6.Bd3 (6.a4 b6 7.Be2 Ba6 8.0-0 Bxe2 9.Qxe2 Be7
      10.dxe5 dxe5 11.Nh4 0-0 12.Nf5 g6 13.Nxe7+ Qxe7 14.b3 Qe6 15.Rd1
      Rc8 16.a5 Nbd7 17.Ba3 Ne8 18.Rd3 bxa5 19.Qd2 Nb6 20.Bc5 a4 21.Nxa4
      Nxa4 22.Rxa4 a6 23.Rd7 Rc7 24.Qh6 1-0 Sikora,Bozena-Mozna,Eva/
      Praha BOH-W (13) 1992) b5 7.0-0 Be7 8.Ne2 0-0 9.Ng3 Nbd7 10.Nf5
      Nb6 11.Nxe7+ Qxe7 12.dxe5 dxe5 13.Bg5 Qe6 14.Nh4 h6 15.Bc1 Qe7
      16.Qf3 g5 17.Nf5 Bxf5 18.Qxf5 Nh5 19.g3 Ng7 20.Qf3 Rad8 21.b3 Rfe8
      22.Be3 Ne6 23.h4 f6 24.hxg5 fxg5 25.Qf5 Qg7 26.Kg2 Nd4 27.Qg4 Nd7
      28.Bxd4 exd4 29.f4 Nf6 Palos,Osman-Schwarz,Michael/Badenweiler
      open (06) 1990/1-0 ;
     B) 5.dxe5 dxe5 6.Qxd8+ Kxd8
        B1) 7.Bg5 Bb4 (7...Bd6 8.Nf3 Be6 9.Bxf6+ gxf6 10.Nh4 Bb4
         11.0-0-0+ Kc7 12.Rd3 Nd7 +=) 8.0-0-0+ Ke7 9.Nge2 Be6 10.f4 h6
         11.Bh4 Nbd7 12.b3 exf4 13.Kb2 g5 14.Bf2 Bc5 15.Bd4 Rad8 16.a3
         Rhe8 17.b4 Bxd4 18.Nxd4 Ne5 19.Be2 Rd7 20.Nf3 Rxd1 21.Rxd1 Nfd7
         22.Nd4 Nb6 23.Nxe6 fxe6 24.Kb3 Rd8 25.Rxd8 Kxd8 26.a4 Nbd7 27.a5
         Kc7 28.Nb1 Nf6 29.Nd2 Kd6 30.Kc3 b6 31.Kd4 h5
         Leistenschneider,J-Pfeiffer,S/NRW-II 9091 KKS Koln 1990/0-1 ;
        B2) 7.Nf3 Bd6 8.Bc4 Ke7 9.0-0 (9.Be3 b5 10.Bd3 Bb7 11.0-0-0
         Nbd7 12.Nh4 g6 13.f3 Bc5 14.Rhe1 Bxe3+ 15.Rxe3 Nh5 16.Bf1 Nc5
         17.b4 Ne6 18.Red3 Bc8 19.Ne2 a5 20.a3 axb4 21.axb4 Nhf4 22.Nxf4
         exf4 23.Kb2 Ra4 24.c3 Ng7 25.Rd4 Be6 26.Ra1 Rxa1 27.Kxa1 Ra8+
         28.Kb1 Ra3 29.Kb2 Ra2+ 30.Kb1 Rf2 31.Bd3 Ba2+ 32.Kc1 Ne6 0-1
         Gisler,M-Pribyl,M/Ticino op 1991) b5 10.Bd3 Nbd7 11.Be3 Bb7
         12.a4= Dussort-Horwath Canaries 1995]
   [4...Qa5 5.Bd3 e5 6.Nf3 (6.Nge2 b5 7.0-0 Be7 8.Be3 0-0 9.f4 Nbd7
   10.Ng3 exd4 11.Bxd4 b4 12.Nf5 Re8 13.Ne2 Bf8 14.Neg3 c5 15.Bxf6 Nxf6
   16.e5 c4 17.exf6 cxd3 18.fxg7 Bxf5 19.gxf8Q+ Kxf8 20.Nxf5 Qxf5 21.Qxd3
   Qxd3 22.cxd3 Re2 23.Rf2 Re3 24.Rd1 Rc8 25.Kf1 Ke7 26.Re2 Rxe2 27.Kxe2
   Ke6 28.Kd2 h5 29.g4 hxg4 30.hxg4 Kd5 31.Re1 Rh8 32.g5 Rh4 33.Re4 Rh2+
   34.Re2 Rh3 35.Re4 «-« Cohen,F-Houska,M/4NCL Ware ENG (8) 1996) Be7
   (6...h6 7.0-0 Be6 8.Ne2 Nbd7 9.c4 exd4 10.Nexd4 Qh5 11.Nxe6 fxe6
   12.Be3 g5 13.Be2 g4 14.Nh2 Qg6 15.Bxg4 Rg8 16.Bd4 e5 17.Be3 Qxe4
   18.Bf3 Qg6 19.g3 e4 20.Bg2 Ne5 21.Qb3 Qf7 22.Rac1 Qd7 23.Rfd1 Nf3+
   24.Nxf3 exf3 25.Bxf3 0-0-0 26.Bg2 Kb8 27.Qa4 c5 28.Qb3 Qc7 29.a4 Qb6
   30.Qd3 a5 31.Rc3 Qc7 32.Rb3 b6 33.Rb5 Rd7 34.b4 Kc8 35.bxa5 bxa5
   36.Rdb1 Kd8 37.Rb7 1-0 Devcic,M-Pesuto,I/Buenos Aires Cup Lat (05)
   1991)(6...Nbd7 7.0-0 Be7 8.Be3 0-0 9.Nh4 exd4 10.Bxd4 Nc5 11.Re1
   Nxd3 12.Qxd3 Re8 13.e5 dxe5 14.Rxe5 Qc7 15.Rae1 Be6 16.Rg5 h6 17.Rxg7+
   Kxg7 18.Rxe6 fxe6 19.Qg6+ Kf8 20.Bxf6 Bxf6 21.Qxf6+ Kg8 22.Qxh6 Qg7
   23.Qe3 Rad8 24.Ne4 Qe5 25.g3 Rd4 26.Nf3 Rxe4 27.Nxe5 Rxe3 28.fxe3 Rd8
   29.Nd3 e5 30.e4 Rd4 31.Kf2 Rxe4 32.b3 b6 33.c3 1-0 Meiers-Kharlov/
   Leningrad-chT 1989) 7.dxe5 dxe5 8.Bd2 Qc7 9.0-0 0-0 10.Qe2 b5 11.a4
   b4 12.Nd1 a5 13.Ne3 Re8 14.Nc4 Nbd7 15.Bg5 h6 16.Be3 Bc5 17.Nh4 Bxe3
   1/2-1/2 Bechyne-Kolin, Praga 1995]
   [4...b5 5.a3 Nbd7
     A) 6.g4 Bb7 (6...h6 7.Bg2 e5 8.Nge2 Bb7 9.0-0 a5 10.Ng3 b4 11.Na4
      Ba6 12.Re1 g6 13.Be3 h5 14.g5 h4 15.gxf6 hxg3 16.fxg3 Qxf6 17.axb4
      axb4 18.Qd2 Rb8 19.c3 bxc3 20.Nxc3 Bc4 21.Ra7 exd4 22.e5 dxe5
      23.Bxd4 Bh6 24.Be3 Bxe3+ 25.Rxe3 Nc5 26.Qd4 0-0 27.Qxc4 Rxb2 28.Rf3
      Qg5 29.Raxf7 Qc1+ 30.Rf1 1-0 Bastian,H-Breutigam,M/BL 9091
      Delmenhorst- 1991) 7.g5 Ng8 8.Bg2 e5 9.Nge2 h6 10.gxh6 Nxh6
      11.Be3 a6 12.Qd2 Qc7 13.Ng3 Ng8 14.f4 Ngf6 15.0-0 Nh5 16.Nxh5 Rxh5
      17.fxe5 dxe5 18.Qf2 Nf6 19.Qg3 Rh7 20.dxe5 Nh5 21.Qf3 Bc8 22.Ne2 g6
      23.Nf4 Nxf4 24.Bxf4 Be6 25.Rad1 Bc5+ 26.Kh2 Be7 27.Qg3 Rh5 28.Qf3
      Kf8 29.Rd6 Bxd6 30.exd6 Qd7 Muller,Karsten-Pribyl,Josef/Praha
      Vysehrad-A (02) 1990/1/2-1/2;
     B) 6.g3 e5 7.Nge2 Be7 8.Bg2 h5 9.0-0 Bb7 10.Be3 Qc7 11.f4 0-0
      12.Qe1 Rfe8 13.Qf2 Bf8 14.dxe5 dxe5 15.f5 a5 16.Bf3 b4 17.Na4 c5
      18.Qg2 Bc6 19.b3 Qb7 20.axb4 axb4 21.Rfd1 Rad8 22.Bg5 Be7 23.g4
      hxg4 24.hxg4 Bxe4 25.Bxe4 Qxe4 26.Qxe4 Nxe4 27.Bxe7 Rxe7 28.Nb6 Kh7
      29.Rd3 Safranska,A-Sheremetieva,M/Volshski (49) 1989/0-1 ]
     A) 5.Nf3 e5 6.a4 Be7 (6...a5 7.Bc4 Be7 8.0-0 0-0 9.Be3 Na6 10.Nd2
      Nb4 11.Bb3 Nd7 12.f4 exd4 13.Bxd4 Bf6 +=)(6...b6 7.Bg5 Nbd7
      8.Bxf6 Nxf6 9.d5 a6 10.Bc4 Bb7 11.0-0 Be7 12.dxc6 Bxc6 13.Nd5 Qb7
      14.Nxf6+ gxf6 15.Re1 f5 16.exf5 Rg8 with compensation,
      Velicka,P-Blatny,P Czestochowa (open) 1992) 7.Bc4 0-0 8.0-0 Nbd7
      9.Re1 exd4 10.Nxd4 +=;
     B) 5.g3 e5 6.Nge2 b5 7.a3 a6 8.Bg2 Bb7 9.0-0 Nbd7 10.f4 Be7 11.Kh2
      Rc8 12.Be3 0-0 13.Qe1 Rfe8 14.g4 exd4 15.Bxd4 c5 16.Bf2 Bf8 17.Nd5
      Qb8 18.Nxf6+ Nxf6 19.Ng3 Qa8 20.Qd2 Nxe4 21.Nxe4 Bxe4 22.Bxe4 Rxe4
      23.Rae1 Rce8 24.Rxe4 Rxe4 25.Re1 Qe8 26.Kg3 d5 27.Kf3 g6 28.Rd1 Bd6
      29.Bg3 d4 30.Re1 f5 31.Re2 Qc6 32.Kf2 c4 33.gxf5 Bc5 34.Rxe4 Qxe4
      35.Bh4 d3+ 36.Kg3 Be3 37.Qa5 Qxf4+ 0-1
      Grzadka,Marcin-Gawronski,Miroslaw/Czestochowa open (06) 1992]
   [5.f4 Qa5 6.Bd3 e5 7.Nge2 Be7 8.Be3 exd4 9.Nxd4 Nc5 10.0-0 Nxd3
   11.cxd3 0-0 12.Qd2 Qh5 13.Nce2 Bd8 14.f5 Ne8 15.Kh2 Qh4 16.Ng3 Qe7
   17.Rae1 f6 18.Nf3 Qf7 19.b3 a5 20.d4 Be7 21.d5 c5 22.Ne2 g5 23.fxg6
   hxg6 24.Ng5 Qg7 25.Ne6 Bxe6 26.Bh6 Qf7 27.dxe6 Qxe6 28.Nf4 Qe5 29.Bxf8
   Bxf8 Sponheim,O-Westenberger,H/2BLW 8889 Katernberg 1989/1-0 ]
   [5.g4 h6 6.Bg2 e5 7.Nge2 Be7 8.a4 Nf8 9.f4 Ng6 10.0-0 0-0 11.Be3 exf4
   12.Nxf4 Nxf4 13.Bxf4 Be6 14.Qd3 d5 15.e5 Nd7 16.Ne2 c5 17.c3 Rc8
   18.Ng3 cxd4 19.cxd4 Rc4 20.Be3 Re8 21.Nf5 Bf8 22.b3 Rc6 23.Bd2 Nb8
   24.b4 Qd7 25.b5 Rc4 26.Ne3 Rcc8 27.Qb3 Red8 28.Rac1 Rxc1 29.Rxc1 Be7
   Orestes Rodriguez-Rivas/Alicante 3 1989/1-0 ]
5...e5 6.Be2
   [6.Be3 Be7 7.Qd2 (7.a4 Qa5 8.Bd3 d5 9.Bd2 dxe4 10.Nxe4 Qc7 11.Ng3
   0-0 12.0-0 Re8 13.Re1 +=) 0-0
     A) 8.0-0-0 b5 9.Bd3 Re8 10.g4 a6 11.Ne2 exd4 12.Nexd4 Bb7 13.Nf5
      c5 14.Bh6? Nxe4 15.Qf4 Bf8 16.Rhe1 Nxf2-+ Puhakka-Celchuk Helsinky
      1992 (16...Nxf2 17.Rxe8 Qxe8 18.Re1 Nxd3+ 19.cxd3 Qd8 20.Bxg7
      Bxg7 21.Nxd6 Bd5 22.Re8+ Qxe8 23.Nxe8 Rxe8 24.Nh4 Ne5 25.Qg3 Bxa2
      26.Nf5 Bd5 27.Qe3 f6 28.g5 c4 29.dxc4 Bxc4 30.Qg1 fxg5 31.Qxg5 Ng6
      32.h4 Be5 33.Kc2 Kh8 34.h5 Nf4 35.Ne7 Nd3 36.b3 Nb4+ 0-1
      Puhakka,Erkki-Popova-Lelchuk,Zoya/Helsinki open (09) 1992);
     B) 8.g4 exd4 9.Nxd4 Ne5 10.0-0-0 d5 11.f4 Ng6 12.e5 Ne8 13.Nf5
      Bxf5 14.gxf5 Nh4 15.Bd3 f6 16.Qf2 fxe5 17.fxe5 Bg5 18.f6 gxf6
      19.Rhg1 Ng7 20.Rg4 Bxe3+ 21.Qxe3 f5 22.Qh6 Ng6 23.Rg5 Rf7 24.h4 Qe7
      25.Rdg1 Qxe5 26.h5 Nf8 27.Bxf5 Kh8 28.Kb1 Rxf5 29.Rxg7 Rf1+ 30.Rxf1
      Qxg7 31.Qd6 h6 32.Re1 Re8 Haist,W-Raedeker,B/2BLS 8889 Stuttgart-
     A) 6...a5 7.Be2 (7.Bc4 Be7 8.0-0 0-0 9.Qe2 h6 10.Rd1 Qc7 +=)
      Be7 8.0-0 0-0 9.Re1 Re8 10.Bf1 Bf8 11.Be3 exd4 12.Bxd4 Qc7 13.Nd2
      h6¼ Fishdick,G-Modrova,H Dortmund (open) 1993;
     B) 6...Be7 7.Bc4 0-0 8.0-0 Nxe4 9.Nxe4 d5 10.Bb3 dxe4 11.Nxe5 Nxe5
      12.dxe5 Bf5= Murshed-Mokry Brno 1991 (12...Bf5 13.Bf4 Bc5 14.Qh5
      Be6 15.Bxe6 fxe6 16.Qg4 Rf5 17.Rad1 Qe7 18.Bg3 e3 19.fxe3 Bxe3+
      20.Kh2 Qf7 21.Rxf5 exf5 22.Qf3 Bb6 23.Qf4 Re8 24.Rf1 Qe6 25.Qxf5
      Qxf5 26.Rxf5 Bc7 27.h4 g6 28.Rg5 Kg7 29.h5 Rd8 30.Rg4 Rd2 31.b3 a5
      32.Kh3 Re2 33.hxg6 hxg6 34.Rd4 Bxe5 35.Bxe5+ Rxe5 36.Rd7+ Kf6
      37.Rxb7 Murshed,N-Mokry,K/Brno (06) 1991/1/2-1/2)]
   [6.dxe5 dxe5 7.Bc4 Bb4 8.Qe2 0-0 9.0-0 Qe7 10.Nd1 b5 11.Bd3 Nc5 12.c3
   Nxd3 13.Qxd3 Rd8 14.Qc2 Bc5= Wohlfart,H-Vokac,M Praga 1994]
   [6...b5 7.a3 a6 (7...Bb7 8.0-0 Be7 9.Bg5 0-0 10.Qd2 h6 11.Bxf6 Bxf6
   12.d5 cxd5 13.Nxd5 Nc5 14.Qe3 Bxd5 15.exd5 Qb6 16.Rad1 Rfc8 17.b4 Na4
   18.Qxb6 axb6 19.Bxb5 Nc3 20.Bc6 Rxa3 21.Rde1 Ra2 22.Nd2 Rxc2 23.Ne4
   Nxe4 24.Rxe4 Ra2 25.Ree1 Rc7 26.Ra1 Rca7 27.Rxa2 Rxa2 28.Rc1 e4 29.Re1
   Be5 30.g4 Bd4 31.Rxe4 Bxf2+ 32.Kf1 Holzke,F-Hausner,I/Hamburg IMT
   (09) 1990/«-« ) 8.0-0 Bb7 9.b4 Be7 10.dxe5 dxe5 11.Nh4 0-0 12.Nf5 c5
   13.Nd5 Nxd5 14.exd5 cxb4 15.Nxe7+ Qxe7 16.axb4 Rac8
   Valenti-Mantovani, Milano 1990]
7.0-0 0-0 8.a4
   [8.Be3 b5 9.Bd3 a6 10.Ne2 Re8 11.c3 Bf8 12.Ng3 Bb7 13.dxe5 dxe5
   14.Qe2 Qc7 15.Bc2 Nc5 +=]
   [8...b6 9.Re1 (9.dxe5 dxe5 10.Bc4 Qc7 11.Qe2 Nc5 12.Rd1 a6 13.Nh4
   Rb8 14.Nf5 b5 15.Nxe7+ Qxe7 16.axb5 axb5 17.Bd3 Ne6 18.Qe3 Nd4 19.Ne2
   c5 20.Nxd4 cxd4 21.Qe2 b4 22.b3 Nd7 23.Bd2 Nc5 24.Bc4 Be6 25.Bxe6 Qxe6
   26.Rdb1 d3 27.cxd3 Nxb3 28.Ra4 Nd4 29.Qd1 b3 30.Bc3 Rfd8 31.Bxd4 exd4
   «-« Shabtai, R.-Har Zvi,R/Tel Aviv 1991) Bb7 10.Bg5 a6 11.Bxf6 Bxf6
   12.d5 c5 13.Bd3 Bg5 14.Nxg5 Qxg5 15.Qg4 Qxg4 16.hxg4 f6 17.Nd1 Kf7
   18.Ne3 g6 19.f3 Ke7 20.Kf2 Kd8 21.Rh1 Rf7 22.c3 Kc7 23.Ke2 Rb8 24.b4
   Bc8 25.b5 a5 26.Rh6 Nf8 27.Nc4 Bd7 28.Ke3 Re8 29.g3 Bc8 30.Rah1 Ree7
   31.Be2 Bb7 32.Rf1 Bc8 33.Kd3 Stoll,F-Huemmer,G/2.BL-S 87\8 Wolfbusc
9.Re1 Bf8 10.Bf1 Qc7 11.Bg5 h6 12.Bh4 g6 13.Qd2 Bg7 14.Rad1 a6 15.Qc1 b6
16.Bg3 Bb7 17.Rd2 b5 += Turov-Cernyaev Pietroburgo, 1994.