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Andre Lilienthal (1911-2010)

Andor Arnoldovich Lilienthal dies at the age of 99

Andor Lilienthal

Andor Lilienthal |

The death of Andre Lilienthal just after passing his 99th birthday finally cuts our links with chess going back to the 19th Century. Lilienthal was the only living player to have defeated Emanuel Lasker and Jose Raul Capablanca. He also had a draw against Alexander Alekhine. After the recent death of Smyslov he was also the last of the original FIDE Grandmasters who had their titles awarded in 1950 and indeed he was the oldest living Grandmaster.

This obituary runs through his career, the most important events he played and gives a few of his most significant games.

If anyone has extra photos they have the rights to I would like to put some more in the obituary. IM Peter Hardicsay has already sent some from probably his last photo session from late 2009.

Grandmaster Andor (Andre) Arnoldovich Lilienthal was born in Moscow 5th May 1911 and died in Budapest 8th May 2010.

Andre Lilienthal was born in Moscow to Hungarian Jewish parents but moved back to Hungary with his mother at the age of 2. He is the last true link to the legendary chess champions Lasker, Capablanca and Alekhine having played them all. He is most famous for his 26 move victory over Capablanca at the Hastings tournament of 1934-5.

Lilienthal learned chess at the age of 16 and soon was playing for money in the cafes of Budapest (Salo Flohr also started in the same way) because he was by that time alone (his mother had died) and poverty stricken. He then started the wandering that led to his reputation as a bit of a Bohemian character. Finding Budapest a bit limiting he moved first to Vienna and then Berlin where he first met (but did not play the World Champion Emanuel Lasker). Later he moved on to Paris where on one occasion he defeated Alekhine in a blitz match.

His recorded tournament playing career seems to have started in 1930 and successes followed quickly. At Bad Stuben 1930 he took first place ahead of Pirc and Flohr. Hastings 1933-4 2nd equal with Alekhine behind Flohr. It seems however that his performances could be quite inconsistant.

Hastings ENG 1933-4
4Eliskases,Erich Gottlieb0½½*½½11½½5.0/9
5Alexander,Conel Hughes0½½½*½10115.0/9
6Thomas,George Alan½½0½½*01½14.5/9
9Michell,Reginald Pryce000½0½1½*02.5/9
10Milner Barry,Philip Stuart000½000½1*2.0/9
Hastings ENG 1934-5
2Thomas,George Alan0*½11101116.5/9
4Capablanca,Jose Raul½0½*0½11115.5/9
7Michell,Reginald Pryce01000½*½114.0/9
9Norman,George Marshall½000½00½*01.5/9
10Milner Barry,Philip Stuart0000½0001*1.5/9

According to Wikipedia: "He played for Hungary in three Chess Olympiads: Folkestone 1933 (scoring +7 =6 -0 as the reserve, the fifth player on the team), Warsaw 1935 (scoring +11 =8 -0 on second board), and Stockholm 1937 (scoring +9 =6 -2 on first board, leading his team to the silver medal).[9] He won the individual gold medal for his board (reserve and second board, respectively) at the 1933 and 1935 Olympiads, and had the fourth-best result on first board in 1937.[10] His total score in the Olympiads was a remarkable 75.51%.[11]"

In 1935 he was invited to the 2nd Soviet Moscow tournament where he finished 8th= (Flohr and Botvinnik finished on 13/19, Emanuel Lasker finished 3rd Lilienthal and Capablanca 4th, Lilienthan drew both these games). According to the tournament book of 1936 he took up "permanent residence" in Moscow following the 1935 tournament.

The 1936 tournament saw an improved result finishing 4th although according to the tournament book:

"Lilienthal turned out to be the minion of fortune. Out of three games won by him, in two, against Lasker and Levenfish - he stood on the brink of defeat. Persistence and steadfastness helped him in the end to reach fourth place, though his position after the first circuit looked quite miserable."

Moscow URS 1935
4Capablanca,Jose Raul½½0*½11½1½½01½1½½½1112.0/19
6Kan,Ilia Abramovich½100½*½01011½½011½½110.5/19
10Romanovsky,Peter Arsenievich00½½01½½1*10½½½½101110.0/19
11Rabinovich,Ilya Leontievich0½½½1011½0*01½0½0½119.5/19
12Riumin,Nikolay Nikolaevich½0½1½000011*0½0111½19.5/19
14Goglidze,Victor Arsentievich000½½½½½½½½½1*½½01119.5/19
16Bohatirchuk,Fedor Parfenovich01½½½00½½½½0½½1*½½0½8.0/19
Moscow URS 14th May - 8th June 1936
1Capablanca,Jose Raul**½½½1½½½11113.0/18
8Eliskases,Erich Gottlieb½½00½½½001**½½½½7.5/18
9Kan,Ilia Abramovich½000½1½0½½½½½½**½07.5/18
10Riumin,Nikolay Nikolaevich00½0½½½½½1½½½1**7.5/18

Lilienthal took up Soviet citizenship in 1939.

Around this time he was 3rd= in the Leningrad/Moscow tournament of 1939 won by Flohr above Reshevsky. He was 1st= with Bondorevsky in the 1940 Soviet Championships and then 5th of 6 in the absolute championships of the USSR the following year.

Leningrad/Moscow URS 1939
2Reshevsky,Samuel Herman½*½0½0½1½½01½1111110.5/17
4Makogonov,Vladimir Andreevich½1½*½10½½½½½1½½½½110.0/17
7Rabinovich,Ilya Leontievich0½½101*½½10½½1011½9.5/17
8Belavenets,Sergey Vesevolodovi10½½½½½*½010½½11½19.5/17
10Kan,Ilia Abramovich0½0½½101½*½½½0½1119.0/17
11Konstantinopolsky,Alexander C½10½0010½½*011½½½18.5/17
14Goglidze,Victor Arsentievich½0½½½½0½0100½*½1½17.5/17
15Tolush,Alexander V001½00100½½10½*0117.0/17
16Romanovsky,Peter Arsenievich00½½½00000½½½01*116.0/17
18Panov,Vasily N00½0½½½0½00½½0000*3.5/17
URS-ch12 Moscow URS 1940
7Makogonov,Vladimir Andreevich0½1101*0101½½½½½1½½½10.5/19
8Dubinin,Peter Vasilievich00½01½1*0111½½½½101½10.5/19
9Veresov,Gavriil N0001½001*1½½1½01½11110.5/19
14Konstantinopolsky,Alexander C½½½0½0½½½100½*10½½018.0/19
15Panov,Vasily N0½0½00½½1½1100*½0½1½8.0/19
16Stolberg,Mark Moiseevich½00000½½001011½*1½1½8.0/19
17Gerstenfeld,Eduard Issakovich½0001½00½0½01½10*½017.0/19
URS Absolute-ch Leningrad-Moscow 23rd March - 29th April 1941

Andre Lilienthal in the mid-1940s from "Die Schachkunst in der UdSSR"

He finished in 3rd in the very strong Parnu tournament of 1947. (Correction by Rodolfo Arias the result of the game Simagin-Keres is wrong in Megabase, Keres won so took clear first) He became a Candidate for the only time when he finished 5th in the Interzonal of 1948. He was 8th joint last in the Candidates tournament of 1950 in Budapest.

Parnu URS 1947
6Bronstein,David I10½0½*½½½11½118.0/13
7Kasparian,Genrikh Moiseevich½½½00½*½½1½1117.5/13
10Tolush,Alexander V00½0½001½*01115.5/13
11Makogonov,Vladimir Andreevich0½½0½0½0½1*0½15.0/13
Interzonal Saltsjobaden SWE 1948
1Bronstein,David I*1½1½½½½½½1½½1½1½11113.5/19
15Yanofsky,Daniel Abraham½½½½0½½½½½00½1*0½½½18.5/19
Candidates Tournament Budapest HUN 9 iv - 20 v 1950
1Bronstein,David I**½½01½11101½½½112.0/18

According the ChessMetrics he was number 6 in the world in 1934 and was top 20 until about 1950 when he rapidly plummeted out of the top 100 never to return.

He then had a career as a chess trainer. Helping Smyslov in his world title matches against Botvinnik and working with Tigran Petrosian (1951-63).

He was in the middle to bottom of most of the subsequent tournaments be played in but in Moscow 1962 he did finish 3rd= behind Averbakh and Vasiukov.

International Moscow 1962
1Averbakh,Yuri L*1½½½½½½½½11½1½110.0/15
5Bronstein,David I½½½½*0½½110½11½19.0/15
9Bykhovsky,Anatoly A½0½½0½½½*10½11½½7.5/15
10Ignatiev,Felix N½½½½0½0½0*1½01117.5/15
13Yudovich,Mikhail Jr½0½½0½½½010½*½½16.5/15
15Aronin,Lev Solomonovich½½00½0½½½000½½*15.0/15

Andre Lilienthal 20th November 2009 at the age of 98. Photo © IM Peter Hardicsay

In 1975 he returned to Budapest to live. He didn't play much and the last event I could find was in 1980. He did however write about the game.

In 1985 he published biographical novel, "My Life, Chess".

He received a lifetime grant of $750 a month from FIDE President Kirsan Ilyumzhinov on the occasion of his 85th birthday according to (This Obituary in

He was physically very fit and active up until very recently. He met with Bobby Fischer frequently in the period when Fischer lived in Budapest. He has met many of the best players in the world such as Gelfand, Ponomariov, Karpov, Kasparov, Kramnik.

Andre Lilienthal 20th November 2009 at the age of 98 with wife Olga and Dr. Laszlo Kecse-Nagy. Photo © IM Peter Hardicsay

Lilienthal's legendary status came from his great age and the people he had played. His natural talent was obvious but his results throughout his career were unsteady. But to be a top 20 player for the period he was and a Candidate made him a very strong player indeed.

He was the last of the original FIDE Grandmasters whose titles were awarded in 1950. That list included the leading players: World champion Mikhail Botvinnik, and those who had qualified for (or been seeded into) the inaugural Candidates Tournament in 1950: Isaac Boleslavsky, Igor Bondarevsky, David Bronstein, Max Euwe, Reuben Fine, Salo Flohr, Paul Keres, Alexander Kotov, Andor Lilienthal, Miguel Najdorf, Samuel Reshevsky, Vasily Smyslov, Gideon Stahlberg, and Laszlo Szabo. Also players still living in 1950 who had been World Class: Ossip Bernstein, Oldrich Duras, Ernst Gruenfeld, Borislav Kostic, Grigory Levenfish, Geza Maroczy, Jacques Mieses, Viacheslav Ragozin, Akiba Rubinstein, Friedrich Saemisch, Savielly Tartakower, and Milan Vidmar.

He was from the last generation of the European tradition of coffee-house players who became elite international players a huge link to Chess History has died with his passing.


Games against the greats including wins against Lasker, Alekhine (only in a coffeehouse match), Capablanca, Euwe and Botvinnik speak for themselves.

Lilienthal,Andor - Alekhine,Alexander C79
Paris Paris (9), 1933

1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Ba4 d6 5.c3 Nf6 6.0-0 Bd7 7.d4 Nxe4 8.Re1 Nf6 9.dxe5 dxe5 10.Bxc6 Bxc6 11.Qxd8+ Kxd8 12.Nxe5 Bd5 13.Bg5 Be6 14.Nd2 h6 15.Bxf6+ gxf6 16.Ng6 Rg8 17.Nxf8 Rxf8 1/2-1/2

Lilienthal,Andor - Capablanca,Jose Raul E24
Hastings 3435 Hastings (5), 01.01.1935

1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 Bb4 4.a3 Bxc3+ 5.bxc3 b6 6.f3 d5 7.Bg5 h6 8.Bh4 Ba6 9.e4 Bxc4 10.Bxc4 dxc4 11.Qa4+ Qd7 12.Qxc4 Qc6 13.Qd3 Nbd7 14.Ne2 Rd8 15.0-0 a5 16.Qc2 Qc4 17.f4 Rc8 18.f5 e5 19.dxe5 Qxe4

Jose Raul Capablanca


Andre Lilienthal

White to play and win after 19...Qxe4

20.exf6 Qxc2 21.fxg7 Rg8 22.Nd4 Qe4 23.Rae1 Nc5 24.Rxe4+ Nxe4 25.Re1 Rxg7 26.Rxe4+ 1-0

Lasker,Emanuel - Lilienthal,Andor C14
Moscow Moscow, 1936

1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.Nc3 Nf6 4.Bg5 Be7 5.e5 Nfd7 6.Bxe7 Qxe7 7.Nb5 Nb6 8.c3 a6 9.Na3 c5 10.Nc2 Nc6 11.f4 Na4 12.Rb1 b5 13.Nf3 Bd7 14.Qd2 Rc8 15.Bd3 Nb6 16.0-0 Nc4 17.Qe1 Nb6 18.Qg3 g6 19.Qe1 h5 20.a3 c4 21.Be2 a5 22.h3 Rb8 23.Ne3 Kd8 24.Bd1 Kc7 25.Qd2 Rb7 26.Ng5 Kb8 27.Be2 Bc8 28.b3 Qxa3 29.bxc4 Nxc4 30.Nxc4 bxc4 31.Nxf7 Rh7 32.Rxb7+ Bxb7 33.Nd6 Na7 34.Rb1 Nc8 35.Nxc8 Kxc8 36.Bd1 Bc6 37.Bc2 Rb7 38.Bxg6 Rxb1+ 39.Bxb1 Qa1

Andre Lilienthal


Emanuel Lasker

Position after 39...Qa1. Here Lasker blundered. He should play 40.Qc2

40.Qe1 a4 41.Kf2 a3 42.f5 Qb2+ 43.Kf3 exf5 44.Bxf5+ Kc7 45.Bb1 a2 46.Bxa2 Qxa2 47.e6 Qc2 48.Qe5+ Kb7 49.Kf4 Qxg2 50.Qxh5 Qe4+ 51.Kg5 Qxe6 52.Qh7+ Kb6 53.h4 Qe3+ 54.Kf6 Qxc3 55.h5 Qxd4+ 56.Ke6 Qe3+ 57.Kf6 c3 0-1

Euwe,Max - Lilienthal,Andor E33
Stockholm ol (Men) Stockholm (11), 07.08.1937

1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 Bb4 4.Qc2 Nc6 5.Nf3 d6 6.a3 Bxc3+ 7.Qxc3 Qe7 8.b4 a5 9.b5 Nb8 10.g3 0-0 11.Bg2 a4 12.0-0 Re8 13.Bb2 Nbd7 14.Rfd1 e5 15.dxe5 dxe5 16.Qb4 e4 17.Qxe7 Rxe7 18.Ng5 e3 19.Bxf6 exf2+ 20.Kxf2 gxf6 21.Ne4 Kg7 22.Nc3 Nc5 23.Nd5 Rd7 24.h4 Rb8 25.Rac1 b6 26.Nb4 Rxd1 27.Rxd1 Bg4 28.Rd4 h5 29.Na6 Re8 30.Nxc5 bxc5 31.Re4 Be6 32.Re3 Rb8 33.Rc3 Kg6 34.Bc6 Kf5 35.Bf3 Ke5 36.e3 Rd8 37.Ke2 Rh8 38.Rc1 Rg8 39.Kf2 Rd8 40.Rd1 Rxd1 41.Bxd1 Bxc4 42.Bxa4 Bd3 43.Ke1 Kd5 44.Bd1 Bg6 45.Be2 c4 46.Kd2 Kc5 47.Kc3 Kxb5 48.Bxc4+ Ka4 49.Kb2 f5 50.Bd3 f6 51.Bc4 Ka5 52.Kc3 Kb6 53.Kb4 c5+ 54.Kc3 Kc7 55.Bg8 Kd6 56.a4 Be8 57.Kb3 Bc6 58.Bh7 Ke5 59.Bg6 Ke4 60.Bxh5 Kxe3 61.a5 Bd5+ 62.Kc3 f4 63.gxf4 Kxf4 64.a6 f5 65.a7 Ke5 66.Bf7 Bb7 67.h5 f4 68.h6 Kf6 69.h7 Kg7 70.Kc4 f3 71.Bd5 f2 0-1

Lilienthal,Andor - Botvinnik,Mikhail E19
URS-ch12 Moscow, 1940

1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e6 3.Nf3 b6 4.g3 Bb7 5.Bg2 Be7 6.0-0 0-0 7.Nc3 Ne4 8.Qc2 Nxc3 9.Qxc3 d6 10.Qc2 f5 11.Ne1 Nc6 12.d5 exd5 13.cxd5 Nb4 14.Qd2 a5 15.a3 Na6 16.b4 Bf6 17.Bb2 Qd7 18.Bxf6 Rxf6 19.Nd3 a4 20.Rac1 Qf7 21.Nf4 Bc8 22.Rc3 Bd7 23.Rfc1 h6 24.h4 Ra7 25.h5 Ra8 26.Re3 Kh7 27.Rcc3 Rb8 28.Qd3 Ra8 29.Ng6 Rxg6 30.hxg6+ Kxg6 31.Re6+ Kh7 32.g4 c5 33.b5 Nc7 34.gxf5 Nxb5 35.f6+ Kg8 36.Rc4 Re8 37.Rg4 g5 38.Rxe8+ Bxe8 39.Re4 Kf8 40.Re7 Qg6 41.Be4 Qh5 42.Bf3 Qg6 43.Rxe8+ 1-0

Lilienthal,Andor - Keres,Paul E19
URS Absolute-ch Leningrad/Moscow (1), 1941

1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e6 3.Nf3 b6 4.g3 Bb7 5.Bg2 Be7 6.0-0 0-0 7.Nc3 Ne4 8.Qc2 Nxc3 9.Qxc3 Be4 10.Ne1 Bxg2 11.Nxg2 c6 12.d5 cxd5 13.cxd5 Na6 14.Nf4 Qc8 15.Qf3 Qc2 16.e4 e5 17.Nd3 f6 18.Ne1 Qa4 19.b3 Qa5 20.Ng2 Bc5 21.Be3 Rac8 22.Bxc5 Qxc5 23.Ne3 Kh8 24.Qg4 Rf7 25.Rad1 g6 26.Qe2 Nb8 27.Rd2 Rff8 28.Rc2 Qa3 29.Nc4 Qb4 30.Rfc1 Rfd8 31.h4 Qf8 32.Ne3 Rxc2 33.Rxc2 Rc8 34.Rxc8 Qxc8 35.Qf3 Kg7 36.Ng4 Qf8 37.h5 gxh5 38.Ne3 d6 39.Nf5+ Kg6 40.Qc3 Na6 41.Qc6 Nc5 42.f3 Nd3 43.Qc7 b5 44.Qxa7 1-0

Botvinnik,Mikhail - Lilienthal,Andor E46
URS Absolute-ch Leningrad/Moscow (3), 1941

1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 Bb4 4.e3 0-0 5.Nge2 d5 6.a3 Be7 7.cxd5 exd5 8.g3 Nbd7 9.Bg2 Nb6 10.Qd3 a5 11.a4 c6 12.0-0 Nbd7 13.Rd1 Nb8 14.b3 Na6 15.Na2 Re8 16.Bb2 Bd6 17.Re1 Qe7 18.Rad1 g6 19.Nf4 Bf5 20.Qe2 Nb4 21.Nxb4 Bxb4 22.Rf1 Bg4 23.f3 Bf5 24.Bc1 Ba3 25.Rfe1 Bxc1 26.Rxc1 h5 27.Qd2 Qa3 28.Qc3 Re7 29.Ra1 Qd6 30.Ra2 Rae8 31.Rae2 b6 32.Nd3 Bxd3 33.Qxd3 c5 34.Bf1 Nd7 35.Rd1 Qf6 36.f4 cxd4 37.exd4 Rxe2 38.Bxe2 Qe7 39.Bf3 Nf6 40.Kg2 Rc8 41.Rd2 Qb4 42.f5 Rc3 43.Qe2 g5 44.Qe5 Rxb3 45.Re2 Kg7 46.Bxd5 Rb2 47.Bc4 Rxe2+ 48.Bxe2 Qxa4 49.Bxh5 Qc2+ 50.Be2 a4 51.d5 Qc5 52.h4 Qxd5+ 53.Qxd5 Nxd5 54.hxg5 a3 0-1

Lilienthal,Andor - Smyslov,Vassily D98
Moscow-ch Moscow, 1946

1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 g6 3.Nc3 d5 4.Nf3 Bg7 5.Qb3 dxc4 6.Qxc4 0-0 7.e4 Bg4 8.Be2 Nc6 9.d5 Bxf3 10.gxf3 Na5 11.Qd3 c5 12.f4 c4 13.Qf3 e6 14.dxe6 fxe6 15.Qh3 Kh8 16.Be3 b5 17.Rd1 Qe8 18.e5 Nh5 19.Bxh5 gxh5 20.Rg1 b4 21.Ne4 c3 22.Nd6 Qe7 23.bxc3 bxc3 24.Qxh5 Rab8 25.Rc1 Nc6 26.Qg5 Qxg5 27.Rxg5 Nb4 28.Rxc3 Nd5 29.Ra3 Rb1+ 30.Ke2 Nxf4+ 31.Bxf4 Rxf4 32.Rxa7 Rb2+ 33.Kd3 Rbxf2 34.Ra8+ Rf8 35.Rxf8+ Rxf8 36.Ke4 Rf2 37.Ne8 Bh6 38.Rh5 Bc1 39.Nc7 Re2+ 40.Kf3 Rxa2 41.Nxe6 Ra6 42.Nc5 Rh6 43.Rxh6 Bxh6 44.Ke4 Kg7 45.Kf5 Bc1 46.Nd3 Ba3 47.Nf4 Kf7 48.Nh5 Bb2 49.Nf6 Kg7 50.Ne8+ Kf7 51.Nd6+ Ke7 52.Nc4 Bc3 53.Ne3 Kf7 54.Nd5 Bb2 55.Nf6 Kg7 56.Ke6 Kg6 57.Ne4 Kh5 58.Kd5 Ba3 59.Nd6 Kg5 60.Kc6 1-0

Lilienthal,Andor - Smyslov,Vassily E26
Parnu Parnu, 1947

1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 Bb4 4.e3 c5 5.a3 Bxc3+ 6.bxc3 Nc6 7.Bd3 b6 8.Ne2 d6 9.e4 Nd7 10.0-0 e5 11.f4 Qe7 12.fxe5 dxe5 13.dxe5 Ndxe5 14.Nf4 Bg4 15.Be2 Bxe2 16.Qxe2 f6 17.Nd5 Qf7 18.Bf4 0-0 19.Bxe5 Nxe5 20.a4 Nc6 21.Qg4 Kh8 22.a5 Nxa5 23.e5 f5 24.Qe2 Rae8 25.Rae1 Re6 26.Nf4 Rfe8 27.Nxe6 Qxe6 28.Qd3 g6 29.Rf4 Nc6 30.Qd5 Nxe5 31.Kf1 Kg7 32.Rf2 Kf6 33.Rfe2 h5 34.Rxe5 Qxe5 35.Rxe5 Rxe5 36.Qd6+ Re6 37.Qf8+ Ke5 38.Qb8+ Kf6 39.Qxa7 Kg5 40.Qd7 Re4 41.Qd8+ Kh6 42.h4 Kg7 43.Qc7+ Kh6 44.Qxb6 1-0

Lilienthal,Andor - Kotov,Alexander E44
URS-ch14 Moscow, 1945

1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 Bb4 4.e3 b6 5.Nge2 Bb7 6.a3 Be7 7.d5 a5 8.e4 e5 9.Ng3 0-0 10.Bd3 Ne8 11.h4 Na6 12.Nf5 Nc5 13.Bc2 Nd6 14.Nxd6 Bxd6 15.Be3 Be7 16.Rb1 Bc8 17.b4 axb4 18.axb4 Na6 19.Na2 d6 20.b5 Nb8 21.Nb4 f5 22.exf5 Bxf5 23.Bxf5 Rxf5 24.g3 Qe8 25.Ra1 Nd7 26.Rxa8 Qxa8 27.Nc6 Rf7 28.0-0 Bf6 29.Qg4 Qa2 30.Rc1 Kf8

Alexander Kotov


Andre Lilienthal

Position after 30...Kf8. Here white plays a strong move.

31.Nb8 Ke8

31...Nxb8 32.Qc8+ Ke7 33.Qxc7+ Nd7 34.Bxb6 Rf8 35.c5 Qxd5 36.c6 Qe6 37.Rd1

32.Na6 Bd8 33.Nb4 Qa8 34.Na6 Nf6 35.Qh3 Kf8 36.Rc2 Ng8 37.Ra2 Ne7 38.Nb4 Qb8 39.Bg5 h6 40.Bxe7+ Bxe7 41.Nc6 Qe8 42.Ra7 Kg8 43.Rxc7 1-0

Lilienthal,Andor - Ragozin,Viacheslav D44
URS-ch15 Leningrad (4), 1947

1.d4 d5 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 c6 4.Nf3 Nf6 5.Bg5 dxc4 6.e4 b5 7.e5 h6 8.Bh4 g5 9.Nxg5 Nd5 10.Nxf7 Qxh4 11.Nxh8 Bb4 12.Qd2 c5 13.0-0-0 Nxc3?

Vladimir Ragosin


Andre Lilienthal

Position after 13...Nxc3?


14.bxc3 Ba3+ 15.Kb1 Bb7 16.Be2 Nd7 17.Ka1 cxd4 18.cxd4 0-0-0 19.Nf7 Rf8 20.Nd6+ Bxd6 21.exd6 a6 22.Bf3 Bxf3 23.gxf3 Qf4 24.Qxf4 Rxf4 25.Rhg1 Kb7 26.Rg6 Rxf3 27.Rxe6 Rxf2 28.d5 Nc5 29.Re7+ Kb6 30.d7 Rf8 31.Re6+ Kb7 32.Re8 Nxd7 33.Rxf8 Nxf8 34.Rf1 Nd7 35.Rf7 Kc7 36.Rh7 b4 37.Rxh6 Nb6 38.Rc6+ Kb7 39.Rc5 c3 40.d6 a5 41.h4 a4 1-0

Lilienthal,Andor - Bronstein,David I E61
URS-ch15 Leningrad (9), 1947

1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 d6 3.Nf3 g6 4.Nc3 Bg7 5.Bf4 Nh5 6.Bg5 h6 7.Be3 Nd7 8.d5 c6 9.Bd4 Nhf6 10.e4 0-0 11.h3 Qa5 12.Bd3 Nc5 13.0-0 Nxd3 14.Qxd3 e5 15.dxe6 Bxe6 16.Nd2 d5 17.cxd5 cxd5 18.exd5 Bf5 19.Qf3 Qa6 20.g4 Bd7

David Bronstein


Andre Lilienthal

Position after 20...Bd7

21.Nb3 h5 22.gxh5 Bf5 23.h6 Bxh6 24.Nc5 Qc4 25.Rfd1 Nh5 26.b3 Qb4 27.d6 Nf4 28.Nd5 Nxd5 29.Qxd5 b6 30.Nd3 Qa3 31.Bb2 Qa6 32.Qd4 Kh7 33.Nf4 Rad8 34.Nd5 Rxd6 35.Nf6+ Rxf6 36.Qxf6 Qe2 37.Re1 Qb5 38.Rad1 Bxh3 39.Rd8 1-0

Lilienthal,Andor - Najdorf,Miguel E29
Saltsjobaden Interzonal Saltsjobaden (5), 1948

1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 Bb4 4.a3 Bxc3+ 5.bxc3 c5 6.e3 Nc6 7.Bd3 b6 8.Ne2 0-0 9.e4 Ne8 10.0-0 d6 11.e5 dxe5 12.dxe5 Bb7 13.Bf4 f5 14.exf6 e5 15.fxg7 Rxf4 16.Nxf4 exf4 17.Bxh7+ Kxh7 18.Qh5+ Kxg7 19.Rad1 Qf6 20.Rd7+ Kf8 21.Rxb7 Nd8 22.Rd7 Nf7 23.Qd5 Rb8 24.Re1 f3 25.Re3 1-0

For completeness I've added all Lilienthal's remaining games against Capablanca, Alekhine and Lasker, plus probably his first game against a famous Grandmaster, he didn't do well.

Capablanca/Kmoch - Euwe/Lilienthal A12
Hilversum consultation Hilversum, 16.01.1935

1.Nf3 d5 2.c4 c6 3.b3 Bf5 4.Bb2 e6 5.g3 Nf6 6.Bg2 Nbd7 7.0-0 h6 8.d3 Bc5 9.Nbd2 0-0 10.Rc1 Bh7 11.a3 a5 12.d4 Be7 13.Ne1 b5 14.c5 Ne4 15.Ndf3 Qc7 16.Nd3 Rad8 17.Nfe5 Nxe5 18.Nxe5 Rfe8 19.Nd3 Bg5 20.e3 Be7 21.Qe2 Bf8 22.f3 Ng5 23.e4 dxe4 24.fxe4 f6 25.e5 Bxd3 26.Qxd3 fxe5 27.Qg6 e4 28.h4 Nf3+ 29.Bxf3 exf3 30.Rxf3 Qd7 31.b4 axb4 32.axb4 Qd5 33.Rcf1 Re7 34.Rf4 Qb3 1/2-1/2

Capablanca,Jose Raul - Lilienthal,Andor D94
Moscow Moscow (12), 1935

1.d4 d5 2.c4 c6 3.Nf3 Nf6 4.e3 g6 5.Nc3 Bg7 6.Bd3 0-0 7.0-0 Nbd7 8.cxd5 cxd5 9.Qb3 Nb8 10.Ne5 Nc6 11.f4 e6 12.Bd2 Nd7 13.Nf3 Nb6 14.Na4 Nxa4 15.Qxa4 Bd7 16.Qb3 Qb6 17.Qxb6 axb6 18.Rfc1 Rfc8 19.Bb5 Ne5 20.Bxd7 Nxd7 21.a4 Nf6 22.Rxc8+ Rxc8 23.Rc1 Rxc1+ 24.Bxc1 Ne4 25.Nd2 Nxd2 26.Bxd2 Kf8 27.Kf2 Ke8 28.Bb4 Kd7 1/2-1/2

Capablanca,Jose Raul - Lilienthal,Andor A12
Moscow Moscow, 1936

1.Nf3 d5 2.c4 c6 3.b3 Bf5 4.Bb2 e6 5.g3 Nf6 6.Bg2 Nbd7 7.0-0 h6 8.d3 Be7 9.Nbd2 0-0 10.Rc1 a5 11.a3 Re8 12.Rc2 Bh7 13.Qa1 Bf8 14.Re1 Qb6 15.Bh3 Bc5 16.Rf1 Bf8 17.Rcc1 Rad8 18.Rfe1 Bc5 19.Rf1 Bf8 20.Bg2 Bd6 21.Ne5 Bxe5 22.Bxe5 Nxe5 23.Qxe5 Nd7 24.Qb2 Nf6 25.b4 axb4 26.Qxb4 Qxb4 27.axb4 Ra8 28.Ra1 Nd7 29.Nb3 Kf8 30.Ra5 dxc4 31.dxc4 Nb6 32.Rxa8 Rxa8 33.Na5 Ra7 34.Rd1 Ke8 35.Nxb7 Rxb7 36.Bxc6+ Rd7 37.c5 Ke7 38.Bxd7 Nxd7 39.c6 Nb6 40.c7 Bf5 41.Rd8 e5 42.Rb8 Nc8 43.b5 Kd6 44.b6 Ne7 45.Rf8 Bc8 46.Rxf7 Nd5 47.Rxg7 Nxb6 48.Rh7 Nd5 49.Rxh6+ Kxc7 50.e4 Ne7 51.f3 Kd7 52.h4 Ke8 53.Rf6 Ng8 54.Rc6 1-0

Lilienthal,Andor - Capablanca,Jose Raul C49
Moscow Moscow, 1936

1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Nc3 Nf6 4.Bb5 Bb4 5.0-0 0-0 6.d3 d6 7.Bg5 Bxc3 8.bxc3 Qe7 9.Bxc6 bxc6 10.h3 h6 11.Be3 Be6 12.c4 c5 13.Rb1 Rab8 14.Nd2 g5 15.Qe2 Kh7 16.Rxb8 Rxb8 17.Rb1 Rxb1+ 18.Nxb1 c6 19.Nc3 Qb7 20.Qd1 Nd7 21.Qb1 1/2-1/2

Lasker,Emanuel - Lilienthal,Andor C11
Moscow Moscow (5), 1935

1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.Nc3 Nf6 4.Bd3 c5 5.Nf3 Nc6 6.exd5 Nxd5 7.Ne2 Be7 8.0-0 0-0 9.c3 b6 10.Qc2 h6 11.Rd1 Qc7 12.a3 cxd4 13.Nexd4 Nxd4 14.Nxd4 Bb7 15.Qe2 Nf6 16.Be3 Rfd8 17.Ba6 Bxa6 18.Qxa6 Ng4 19.Nf3 e5 20.h3 Nxe3 21.fxe3 e4 22.Nh2 Bc5 23.Nf1 Qf4 1/2-1/2

Lilienthal,Andor - Lasker,Emanuel D62
Moscow Moscow, 1936

1.d4 d5 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 Nf6 4.Bg5 Be7 5.e3 0-0 6.Nf3 Nbd7 7.Qc2 c5 8.cxd5 Nxd5 9.Bxe7 Qxe7 10.Nxd5 exd5 11.dxc5 Nxc5 12.Be2 Bg4 13.0-0 Rac8 14.Rac1 Qf6 15.Qd2 Ne4 16.Qd4 Bxf3 17.Qxf6 Nxf6 18.Bxf3 Rfd8 19.Rfd1 Kf8 20.Kf1 Ke7 1/2-1/2

Alekhine,Alexander - Lilienthal,Andor A22
Hastings 3334 Hastings (3), 1933

1.c4 e5 2.Nc3 Nf6 3.e4 Nc6 4.f4 d6 5.d3 Bg4 6.Be2 h5 7.Nf3 Be7 8.Be3 Qd7 9.h3 Bxf3 10.Bxf3 exf4 11.Bxf4 Nd4 12.Be3 Nxf3+ 13.Qxf3 Qe6 14.Nb5 Qd7 15.Nd4 0-0-0 16.Nf5 Ne8 17.Bd4 Rg8 18.Qxh5 g6 19.Qg4 gxf5 20.Qxg8 Bh4+ 21.Bf2 Nf6 22.Qxd8+ Qxd8 23.Bxh4 Qh8 24.Bxf6 Qxf6 25.0-0-0 fxe4 26.dxe4 Qf4+ 27.Rd2 Qxe4 28.h4 Qxc4+ 29.Kb1 Qf4 30.Rdd1 Qh6 31.g4 Kd8 32.Rde1 a5 33.h5 a4 34.a3 f6 35.Re6 Kd7 36.g5 Qxg5 37.h6 Qg2 38.Ree1 Qg6+ 39.Ka1 Qh7 40.Reg1 Ke6 41.Rg7 Qe4 42.Rhg1 Qh4 43.h7 b5 44.Rxc7 Qh5 45.Re1+ Kd5 46.Ka2 Kd4 47.Rd1+ Ke4 48.Rxd6 Qe8 49.Rxf6 Qh8 50.Rh6 Kf4 51.Rc8 Qxc8 52.Rh4+ Kg5 53.h8Q Qe6+ 54.Kb1 Qe1+ 55.Kc2 Qe2+ 56.Kc3 1-0

Mieses,Jacques - Lilienthal,Andor C01
Paris Paris (7), 1930

1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.exd5 exd5 4.Bd3 Bd6 5.Nc3 c6 6.Nge2 Ne7 7.Bg5 Qc7 8.Qd2 f6 9.Bf4 Be6 10.Qe3 Bf7 11.Qg3 Bxf4 12.Nxf4 g5 13.Nh5 Qxg3 14.Nxf6+ Kf8 15.hxg3 h5 16.Nh7+ 1-0

The story behind this game, which was his first in international competition is given in an excellent article Andor Lilienthal and His Contribution to the History of Modern Chess by Dmitry Gorodin

"It was not the world tournament, but its opening day, 11 May 1930, that remained unforgettable for me: it was the beginning of the first international tournament in my life. It was a celebration for me – to step out from the world of the coffee houses on the international stage. […] Already at the start I was to play with old Mieses, who crushed me in a way like perhaps nobody was able to later. I was so ashamed that could only keep resisting until the 16th move."

Although I do notice that if the game round is correct (7) his recollection might have been not quite right.


Obituary in Hungarian online newspaper

Andor Lilienthal has beaten them all

Chess 64 where he talks a bit about his career

The Chess Mind on Lilienthal

Item 6569 on Edward Winter's Chess History site has nice photos

ChessVibes on Lilienthal

Andor Lilienthal and His Contribution to the History of Modern Chess by Dmitry Gorodin

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